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132 A Phase 1 Dose Escalation Study of Igm-2323, a Novel Anti-CD20 x Anti-CD3 IgM T Cell Engager (TCE) in Patients with Advanced B-Cell Malignancies

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 623. Mantle Cell, Follicular, and Other B-Cell Lymphomas: Clinical and Epidemiological: Evolution of Immunotherapeutic Regimens in B-cell Lymphomas
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Clinical Trials, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Lymphomas, Bispecific Antibody Therapy, B Cell Lymphoma, Clinical Research, Clinically Relevant, Diseases, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies
Saturday, December 11, 2021: 1:15 PM

Elizabeth Budde, MD, PhD1, Ajay K Gopal, MD2, Won Seog Kim, MD, PhD3*, Ian W. Flinn, MD, PhD4, Chan Yoon Y. Cheah, MD5, Loretta Nastoupil, MD6, Matthew Matasar, MD7, Catherine S. Diefenbach, MD8, Gareth P Gregory, MBBS PhD9, Ibrahim Qazi, PharmD10*, Ching-Fai Pang, PhD11*, Maya Leabman, PhD10*, Genevive Hernandez, PhD10*, Iris Sison10*, Bruce A. Keyt, PhD10, Daniel Chen, MD, PhD10 and Philippe Armand, MD, PhD12

1T Cell Therapeutics Research Laboratory, Department of Hematology and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA
2University of Washington/Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA
3Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
4Sarah Cannon Research Institute-Tennessee Oncology, Nashville, TN
5Department of Haematology, NW Cancer Centre, Perth, WEA, Australia
6Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
7Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
8Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone Health, New York, NY
9School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia
10IGM Biosciences, Mountain View, CA
11Phi Consulting Group, Bellevue, WA
12Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA

Introduction:

IGM-2323 is the first engineered high-affinity, high-avidity bispecific IgM monoclonal antibody TCE to be tested in the clinic. It has 10 binding domains for CD20 and a single binding domain for CD3 and is designed to bind irreversibly to CD20-high and low-expressing cells with more physiologic stimulation to T cells, which may mitigate cytokine release syndrome (CRS)-related toxicity and broaden the therapeutic window. IGM-2323 may act by multiple mechanisms: T-cell dependent cytotoxicity, complement dependent cytotoxicity, and enhanced immune modulation via IFNγ-dominant cytokine stimulation. This phase 1 study is exploring the safety and activity of IGM-2323 using a dose titration schedule intended to optimize repeatable immune stimulation while minimizing toxicity.

Methods:

This first-in-human Phase 1 study is a global, multicenter, open-label, dose escalation evaluating safety, tolerability, PK, and preliminary efficacy (NCT04082936). Adults with relapsed or refractory CD20+ B-cell NHL with ≥ 2 prior systemic therapies, adequate organ function, and ECOG 0-1 are eligible. IGM-2323 is given IV on Days 1, 8, and 15 of 21-day cycles until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment can continue beyond progression if the patient (pt) has benefitted from treatment and intra-patient dose escalation is allowed. This study also utilizes a dose titration scheme where a starting dose is given on Day 1, then higher subsequent doses are given up to a plateau dose. If a pt has symptoms of CRS, the same dose may be repeated, and a higher dose is not given until the dose is well tolerated.

Results:

As of April 30, 2021, 29 pts have been enrolled: 12 at 5 fixed dose levels (0.5, 2.5, 10, 30, 100 mg) and 17 at 5 dose titration levels (50/100, 50/200, 50/300, 50/600, 50/1000 mg)*.

NHL subtypes include: 13 follicular (FL), 11 diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL), 3 mantle cell (MCL), and 2 marginal zone (MZL). Median age is 66 (range, 36-84) and median prior therapies is 3 (range, 2-7). 2 pts had prior autologous transplant and 7 had prior CAR-T.

All 29 pts received at least one dose and are safety evaluable. There were no DLTs and no neurotoxicity AEs. No pts discontinued due to AE. There were 3 drug-related SAEs (1 each Gr1/2/3 CRS by ASTCT). 16 pts discontinued treatment: 2 pt/investigator decision and 14 PD. The 13 pts still on treatment have received a median of 9 doses (range, 1-42).

At fixed dose levels, 5 of 12 pts had a CRS event, primarily grade 1 (fever). Only 1 of 17 titration pts had CRS (Gr3 in a pt with prior experimental CAR-T and baseline circulating B-cells). The most common drug-related AEs in titration pts were hypophosphatemia (29%), IRR (29%; the distinction between IRR and CRS was determined by the investigator), and nausea (24%).

23 pts were evaluable for efficacy; there were 8 responses (5 CR, 3 PR). 5 responses were in FL/MZL and 3 in DLBCL/MCL. Response kinetics varied, with some CRs at the first scan (Week 6) and others after biopsy-confirmed pseudo-progression or prolonged SD (up to 69 weeks). 7 of 8 responses were ongoing as of the data cut. 5 of 11 evaluable patients in dose titration cohorts responded (3 CR, 2 PR), with a median time to response of 6 weeks. In the titration cohort with the longest follow-up (50/100), there were 2 CR and 1 PR in 4 evaluable pts.

Repeatable IFNγ stimulation is detectable in nearly all pts with measurable cytokine elevations, while polycytokine response was observed in CRS cases (Table). Preliminary IHC data in matched baseline and on-treatment biopsies (n=3) shows decrease of CD20+ tumor cells and increase of CD3+ T cells in tumor tissue upon treatment, regardless of clinical response.

Conclusions:

Preliminary results from this first-in-human study of IGM-2323 show an excellent safety and tolerability profile at up to 1000 mg, with reduced CRS when IGM-2323 was given using a dose titration scheme. Response patterns included rapid responses, deepening responses and pseudo-progression. IGM-2323 also has evidence of an IFNγ-dominant repeatable T-cell activation and preservation of T cell function over time. The MTD of IGM-2323 has not been reached. Clinical activity was observed across multiple histologies. Updated safety, PK, biomarker, and efficacy data, including complete dose escalation data, will be presented at the meeting.

* starting and plateau dose referenced

Disclosures: Budde: AstraZeneca: Research Funding; Gilead: Consultancy; IGM Biosciences: Research Funding; Amgen: Research Funding; Mustang Bio, Inc: Research Funding; Merck, Inc: Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; BeiGene: Consultancy. Gopal: IGM Biosciences: Research Funding; Merck: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; I-Mab bio: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Incyte: Honoraria; ADC Therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria; Astra-Zeneca: Research Funding; MorphoSys: Honoraria; Epizyme: Consultancy, Honoraria; Acrotech: Consultancy, Honoraria; Teva: Research Funding; Gilead: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; SeaGen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Kite: Consultancy, Honoraria; Bristol Meyers Squibb: Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria; Servier: Consultancy, Honoraria; Beigene: Consultancy, Honoraria; Nurix Inc: Consultancy, Honoraria; Cellectar: Consultancy, Honoraria; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Agios: Research Funding; Genetech: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Takeda: Research Funding. Kim: Dong-A Pharmaceutical: Research Funding; Eisai: Research Funding; Celltrion: Research Funding; Johnson & Johnson: Research Funding; Kyowa Kirin: Research Funding; Roche: Research Funding; Sanofi: Research Funding; IGM Biosciences: Research Funding. Flinn: Unum Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Incyte: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Merck: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Nurix Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; IGM Biosciences: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Curis: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Constellation Pharmaceuticals: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Celgene: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Forty Seven: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Verastem: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Teva: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; ArQule: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Gilead Sciences: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Iksuda Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Great Point Partners: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Forma Therapeutics: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Calithera Biosciences: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; MorphoSys: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Agios: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Trillium Therapeutics: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Acerta Pharma: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Infinity Pharmaceuticals: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Loxo: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Rhizen Pharmaceuticals: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Yingli Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Seagen: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Pfizer: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Other: All Consultancy and Research Funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Portola Pharmaceuticals: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; BeiGene: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Triphase Research & Development Corp.: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Century Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Hutchison MediPharma: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Vincerx Pharma: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Sarah Cannon Research Institute: Current Employment; Servier Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Yingli Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Seagen: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Servier Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Unum Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Johnson & Johnson: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Seattle Genetics: Research Funding. Cheah: Ascentage Pharma: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Gilead: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Lilly: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; TG therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; MSD: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Beigene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Research Funding. Nastoupil: Bayer: Honoraria; Denovo Pharma: Other: DSMC; Novartis: Honoraria, Research Funding; Genentech: Honoraria, Research Funding; Pfizer: Honoraria, Research Funding; TG Therapeutics: Honoraria, Research Funding; Takeda: Honoraria, Other: DSMC, Research Funding; IGM Biosciences: Research Funding; Caribou Biosciences: Research Funding; Gilead/Kite: Honoraria, Research Funding; Bristol Myers Squibb/Celgene: Honoraria, Research Funding; Epizyme: Honoraria, Research Funding; ADC Therapeutics: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding; MorphoSys: Honoraria. Matasar: TG Therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Support for attending meetings and/or travel, Research Funding; Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Teva: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; ImmunoVaccine Technologies: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Honoraria, Research Funding; Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Genentech, Inc.: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Support for attending meetings and/or travel, Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Support for attending meetings and/or travel, Research Funding; Rocket Medical: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Bayer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Support for attending meetings and/or travel, Research Funding; IGM Biosciences: Research Funding; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center: Current Employment; Pharmacyclics: Honoraria, Research Funding; Merck Sharp & Dohme: Consultancy, Current holder of individual stocks in a privately-held company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Diefenbach: Merck Sharp & Dohme: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Celgene: Research Funding; Trillium: Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; IGM Biosciences: Research Funding; Genentech, Inc./ F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Gilead: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Morphosys: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; IMab: Research Funding; AbbVie: Research Funding; Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone Health: Current Employment; MEI: Consultancy, Research Funding. Gregory: Roche: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel fees, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy. Qazi: IGM Biosciences: Current Employment. Pang: IGM Biosciences: Consultancy. Leabman: IGM Biosciences: Current Employment. Hernandez: IGM Biosciences: Current Employment. Sison: IGM Biosciences: Current Employment. Keyt: IGM Biosciences: Current Employment. Chen: IGM Biosciences: Ended employment in the past 24 months. Armand: Enterome: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Adaptive: Consultancy, Research Funding; BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Affimed: Consultancy, Research Funding; C4: Consultancy; GenMab: Consultancy; Roche: Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy, Research Funding; Pfizer: Consultancy; IGM: Research Funding; Tessa Therapeutics: Consultancy; Kite: Research Funding; Miltenyi: Consultancy; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Morphosys: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; ADC Therapeutics: Consultancy; Otsuka: Research Funding; Tensha: Research Funding; Infinity: Consultancy; Merck: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Epizyme: Consultancy; Regeneron: Consultancy; Sigma Tau: Research Funding.

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