Session: 704. Cellular Immunotherapies: Expanding Targets and Cellular Sources for Immunotherapies
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Biological, Clinical Research, Plasma Cell Disorders, Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR)-T Cell Therapies, Clinically Relevant, Diseases, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies
Methods: This is a phase I first-in-human, dose escalation trial of MCARH109; patients received lymphodepleting chemotherapy with fludarabine 30 mg/m2 daily and cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m2 daily for 3 days followed by a single infusion of MCARH109. The trial followed a standard 3+3 design with the following dose cohorts to date: 25X106, 50X106, 150X106, 450X106 viable CAR+ T cells. The primary objective is to assess safety of MCARH109; secondary objectives include anti-myeloma efficacy, expansion and persistence of MCARH109 using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) on peripheral blood and bone marrow samples.
Results: 18 patients with RRMM were enrolled and underwent apheresis between September 15, 2020 and July 14, 2021. 12 patients have completed MCARH109 infusion to date, with 6 patients currently undergoing manufacturing and pending treatment. Of the 12 patients treated, median age was 59 (37-76) years and patients received a median of 8 (4-14) lines of therapy. 11 (92%) were penta-exposed, all patients were triple refractory, and 7 (58%) had prior treatment with BCMA targeted therapy including 6 (50%) who received prior BCMA CAR T therapy. 3 (25%) patients had non-secretory myeloma and 6(50%) patients had extramedullary plasmacytoma at baseline. 11 (92%) were refractory to last line of therapy and 11 (92%) patients received bridging therapy after apheresis prior to MCARH109 infusion; all patients were refractory to bridging therapy. There were no dose limiting toxicities. Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) grade 1-3 occurred in 11 (92%) patients with only one patient with grade 3 event; 4 (25%) patients received tocilizumab and 1 (8%) received dexamethasone for the treatment of CRS (Table). There were no neurologic toxicities reported to date; 3 (25%) patients had grade 1 nail changes possibly related to MCARH109 (Table). As of July 28, 2021, all treated patients have been followed for at least 2 weeks (median: 13.0 weeks; range: 2.0-39.1 weeks) and 10 (83%) had at least a minimal response or better (2 responses unconfirmed): 2 minimal response, 3 partial response, 3 very good partial response, 2 stringent complete response (sCR). 5 (56%) of the first 9 patients were minimal residual disease (MRD) negative in the bone marrow by multicolor flow cytometry (sensitivity: 10-5). 6 (100%) patients with prior BCMA CAR T therapy had a response with 2 patients achieving sCR. We also noted robust MCARH109 expansion in the peripheral blood using qPCR across the first 3 dose levels with available data (peak expansion vector copy number/mL, median: 404,467; range: 44,670- 3,560,000; Table). With a median follow-up of 13 weeks, 9 (75%) patients are progression free and followed without additional therapy.
Conclusions: MCARH109 is the first-in-class GPRC5D targeted CAR T cell therapy for MM and has a very manageable safety profile with no serious or unexpected toxicities; this dose escalation study is ongoing with additional patients planned for treatment at higher doses. Efficacy is promising in heavily pre-treated RRMM, reflected in high rates of clinical response as well as MRD-negativity, including at doses as low as 25x106 CAR T cells. Clinically important, all 6 patients who relapsed after BCMA CAR T therapy responded to GPRC5D targeted CAR T therapy, including 2 patients who achieved sCR.
Disclosures: Mailankody: Allogene Therapeutics: Research Funding; Physician Education Resource: Honoraria; Bristol Myers Squibb/Juno: Research Funding; Takeda Oncology: Research Funding; Fate Therapeutics: Research Funding; Jansen Oncology: Research Funding; Evicore: Consultancy; Legend Biotech: Consultancy; Plexus Communications: Honoraria. Shah: Janssen: Research Funding; Celgene/BMS: Research Funding. Lesokhin: pfizer: Consultancy, Research Funding; Iteos: Consultancy; Trillium Therapeutics: Consultancy; Genetech: Research Funding; Serametrix, Inc: Patents & Royalties; bristol myers squibb: Research Funding; Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Behringer Ingelheim: Honoraria. Korde: Amgen: Research Funding; Medimmune: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Hassoun: Celgene, Takeda, Janssen: Research Funding. Hultcrantz: GlaxoSmithKline: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Amgen: Research Funding; Daiichi Sankyo: Research Funding; Intellisphere LLC: Consultancy; Curio Science LLC: Consultancy. Shah: Amgen: Research Funding; Janssen: Research Funding. Landau: Genzyme: Honoraria; Takeda: Research Funding; Takeda, Janssen, Caelum Biosciences, Celgene, Pfizer, Genzyme: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Scordo: Angiocrine Bioscience: Consultancy, Research Funding; Omeros Corporation: Consultancy; Kite - A Gilead Company: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; i3 Health: Other: Speaker; McKinsey & Company: Consultancy. Roshal: Auron Therapeutics: Other: Ownership / Equity interests; Provision of services; Celgene: Other: Provision of services; Physicians' Education Resource: Other: Provision of services. Landgren: Celgene: Research Funding; Takeda: Other: IDMC; Janssen: Other: IDMC; Amgen: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Janssen: Research Funding; Amgen: Research Funding; GSK: Honoraria. Dogan: Physicians’ Education Resource: Honoraria; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Peer View: Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy, Research Funding; EUSA Pharma: Consultancy. Giralt: Actinnum: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; JENSENN: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GSK: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AMGEN: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; CELGENE: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; PFIZER: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; JAZZ: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; SANOFI: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Park: Autolus: Consultancy; Kite Pharma: Consultancy; PrecisionBio: Consultancy; Minerva: Consultancy; Curocel: Consultancy; Intellia: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Affyimmune: Consultancy; Innate Pharma: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; Servier: Consultancy; Kura Oncology: Consultancy; Artiva: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy. Rivière: FloDesign Sonics: Other: Provision of Services; Juno Therapeutics: Patents & Royalties; The Georgia Tech Research Corporation (GTRC): Other: Provision of Services (uncompensated); Centre for Commercialization of Cancer Immunotherapy: Other: Provision of Services; Fate Therapeutics: Other: Provision of Services, Patents & Royalties. Brentjens: Caribou: Patents & Royalties; sanofi: Patents & Royalties; Gracell Biotechnologies, Inc: Consultancy, Ended employment in the past 24 months; BMS: Consultancy, Patents & Royalties, Research Funding. Smith: BMS: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties: CAR T cells for MM; Sanofi: Patents & Royalties: GPRC5D antibody based therapies; Novarits: Consultancy; Chimeric Therapeutics: Consultancy; Fate Therapeutics: Research Funding; Eureka Therapeutics: Consultancy; Secura Bio: Consultancy, Honoraria.
OffLabel Disclosure: MCARH109 is an experimental GPRC5D targeted CART therapy
See more of: Oral and Poster Abstracts