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3612 Treatment Free Remission in Patients with Chronic Phase CML: A Single Center Experience

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 632. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Clinical Research, Clinically Relevant, Diseases, Therapies, Myeloid Malignancies
Monday, December 13, 2021, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Quinto J Gesiotto, MD1, Akriti G Jain, MD2, Somedeb Ball, MD2, Lisa Nodzon, PhD, ARNP, AOCNP3*, Amanda Rodriguez, PA3*, Rami S. Komrokji, MD3, David A. Sallman, MD2, Eric Padron, MD3, Andrew T. Kuykendall, MD2, Onyee Chan, MD2, Jeffrey E. Lancet, MD2, Javier Pinilla Ibarz, MD, PhD2 and Kendra Sweet, MD2

1Department of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
2Department of Malignant Hematology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL
3Department of Malignant Hematology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL

Introduction: Treatment-free remission (TFR) is an emerging treatment goal in chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CP-CML). The NCCN guidelines suggest patients must meet the following criteria in order to be eligible for an attempt at TKI discontinuation: use of a TKI for at least 3 years with no history of TKI resistance who have maintained a deep molecular response (MR4 – BCR-ABL IS ≤0.01%) for at least 2 years. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of long-term TFR in CP-CML patients who discontinue TKI therapy at our institution.

Methods: We retrospectively identified all CP-CML patients who had discontinued TKIs after meeting TKI discontinuation criteria at Moffitt Cancer Center. Patient charts were reviewed to collect data on demographics, disease characteristics, and outcomes. TFR was calculated from date of TKI discontinuation to date of molecular recurrence (defined as loss of MMR (BCR-ABL IS ≥0.1%) or date of last follow up). Statistical analysis was performed utilizing Kaplan-Meier curves and log rank (Mantel-Cox) test.

Results: A total of 102 patients met TKI discontinuation criteria and stopped treatment to attempt TFR. The median age at diagnosis was 53.5 years (19-83 years). The median age at TKI discontinuation was 61 years (28-92 years). Fifty (49.5%) patients were male. Four patients (3.9%) had previously received interferon α. At a median follow up of 29 months, the TFR rate was 56.8%, with molecular recurrence occurring in 44 patients. 93 patients had a follow up of at least 6 months. Of the 44 patients with molecular recurrence, 37 (84%) recurred within 6 months and 41 (93%) within 12 months of TKI cessation. The rate of TFR at 12 months and 24 months was 58% (95% CI: 48-68%) and 53% (95% CI: 43-64%), respectively [Figure 1].

Baseline characteristics along with univariate analysis of the 102 patients included in the study are shown in Table 1. Age, BMI at discontinuation, gender, Sokol risk index, last TKI prior to discontinuation, lines of therapy, or duration on TKI prior to discontinuation did not significantly affect rates of TFR. Patients with sustained MR4.5 (BCR-ABL IS <0.0032%) for 2 years prior to discontinuation showed a trend toward higher probability of TFR at 12 months compared to those in MR4 (62% vs 49%; p=0.055). Median time to regain MMR after restarting treatment in patients with molecular recurrence was 90 days (range 28-443 days). 32 patients (31%) developed TKI withdrawal syndrome with symptoms including headache, arthralgia, myalgia and fatigue.

Conclusions: At our center, 102 CP-CML patients qualified for TKI cessation. The rate of TFR at 12 months was 58% which is consistent with published data from numerous TKI discontinuation clinical trials. We were unable to identify any factors that were predictive of successful TFR, however those patients with a deeper molecular response (MR 4.5) at the time of TKI cessation trended towards higher rates of TFR at 12 months, suggesting that the depth of response is important for achieving prolonged TFR. Identifying methods to further deepen molecular response in CP-CML patients may ultimately lead to higher rates of TFR in the future.

Disclosures: Nodzon: Takeda: Consultancy. Komrokji: Jazz: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Taiho Oncology: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie: Consultancy; Acceleron: Consultancy; PharmaEssentia: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMSCelgene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Geron: Consultancy. Sallman: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Kite: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Magenta: Consultancy; Syndax: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Aprea: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; AbbVie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Consultancy; Incyte: Speakers Bureau; Shattuck Labs: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Intellia: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Agios: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Padron: Blueprint: Honoraria; Incyte: Research Funding; Stemline: Honoraria; Taiho: Honoraria; Kura: Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding. Kuykendall: CTI Biopharma: Honoraria; Incyte: Consultancy; Novartis: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; PharmaEssentia: Honoraria; BluePrint Medicines: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Abbvie: Honoraria; Celgene/BMS: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Prelude: Research Funding; Protagonist: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Lancet: Jazz: Consultancy; Astellas: Consultancy; Agios: Consultancy; Millenium Pharma/Takeda: Consultancy; ElevateBio Management: Consultancy; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Celgene/BMS: Consultancy; BerGenBio: Consultancy; AbbVie: Consultancy. Pinilla Ibarz: Sellas: Other: ), patents/royalties/other intellectual property; AbbVie, Janssen, AstraZeneca, Takeda: Speakers Bureau; AbbVie, Janssen, AstraZeneca, Novartis, TG Therapeutics, Takeda: Consultancy, Other: Advisory; MEI, Sunesis: Research Funding. Sweet: AROG: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Astellas: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol Meyers Squibb: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Gilead: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.

*signifies non-member of ASH