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1657 Safety of Daratumumab Combined with Bortezomib, Cyclophosphamide and Dexamethasone for the Treatment of Patients with Multiple Myeloma Presenting with Extramedullary Disease during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 653. Myeloma and Plasma Cell Dyscrasias: Clinical-Prospective Therapeutic Trials: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Clinical Research
Saturday, December 11, 2021, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Meral Beksac, MD1, Tulin Tuglular, MD2*, Ali Unal, MD3, Michele Cavo, MD, PhD4*, Francesca Gay, MD, PhD5, Eirini Katodritou, MD6*, Guner Hayri Ozsan, MD7*, Guldane Cengiz, MD1*, Omur Gokmen Sevindik, MD1, Serena Merante, MD8*, Kyriaki Manousou, MSc9*, Pieter Sonneveld10 and Evangelos Terpos, MD, PhD11

1Department of Hematology, Ankara University Faculty Of Medicine Cebeci Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Internal Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey
3Department of Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Erciyes University, Melikgazi, Kayseri, Turkey
4Seràgnoli Institute of Hematology, Bologna University School of Medicine, Bologna, Italy
5University of Torino, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Torino, Italy
6Department of Hematology, Theagenio Cancer Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece
7Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
8European Myeloma Network, Pavia, Italy
9Health Data Specialists, Dublin, Ireland
10Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands
11Department of Clinical Therapeutics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Medicine, Athens, Greece

Introduction: Extramedullary disease (EMD) in patients (pts) with multiple myeloma (MM) is a poor prognostic feature which is not curable with currently approved treatments. Consequently, there is a significant unmet need for effective therapies with good safety profiles. Daratumumab with cyclophosphamide, bortezomib and dexamethasone (daraVCD) is a novel treatment combination with a good efficacy profile in pts with EMD based on preclinical synergistic data.

Methods: EMN19 is a phase 2, open-label, multicenter study which aims to enroll 40 MM pts presenting with EMD either at diagnosis or following one line of treatment but not refractory to bortezomib-based regimens, from 8 sites in Turkey, Greece and Italy. Pts with bortezomib or daratumumab hypersensitivity, who received previous autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) ≤12 weeks before Day 1 of treatment Cycle 1, or with previous allogenic stem cell transplant were excluded. Daratumumab was initially administered intravenously at 16 mg/mL, and since July 2020 has been administered subcutaneously at a fixed dose of 1800 mg, weekly during Cycles 1–2, every 2 weeks for Cycles 3–6, and every 4 weeks thereafter. Intravenous bortezomib 1.5 mg/m2 and oral/intravenous cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m2 is administered weekly, and oral/intravenous dexamethasone 20 mg is administered on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 16, 22 and 23. DaraVCD will be administered until progression or unacceptable toxicity unless refractory disease is detected by the end of Cycle 3 (progressive disease [PD] or failure to achieve a confirmed partial response [PR] or better). The present analysis includes pts who initiated study treatment ≥3 months prior to the cut-off date (01 June 2021).

Results: In total, 34 patients were screened, 27 patients were enrolled, 2 relapsing patients died during the screening phase due to severe COVID-19 infection, 22 pts were analyzed (59% female; median age 56 years, range 44–77); 14 pts (64%) were still on treatment and 8 (36%) discontinued; due to inadequate response after 3 cycles of treatment (n=3, 38%), PD (n=4, 50%), death (n=1, 13%). Fourteen pts (64%) were newly diagnosed and 8 (36%) first relapsed. International Staging System stage at baseline was I, II and III for 8 (36%), 9 (41%) and 5 (23%) pts, respectively. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status was 0, 1 and 2 for 14 (64%), 7 (32%), and 1 patient (5%), respectively. On average, 3.0 (range 1–20) extramedullary plasmacytomas were observed per patient; most commonly reported sites were thorax (6 pts, 27%), brain, head and lower extremities (4 pts, 18% each).

Twenty (91%) pts had ≥1 serious or non-serious treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE); 8 pts (36.4%) experienced ≥1 sTEAEs; COVID-19 infection (n=3, 14%) urinary tract infection (n=2, 9%), infectious myocarditis, hip arthroplasty, pneumonia, cytomegaloviral pneumonia and thrombocytopenia (n=1 each, 4.5%). Thirteen (59%) pts ≥1 Grade 3/4 TEAE; neutropenia observed in 8 pts (36%), followed by thrombocytopenia (n=4, 18%) and COVID-19 infection (n=3, 14%). Overall, 16 (73%) pts missed ≥1 dose of any of the study drugs; 2 (9%) pts missed ≥1 dose due to COVID-19 infection (7 doses), 8 (36%) due to COVID-19 vaccination (37 doses), 2 (9%) due to other COVID-19-related issues (65 doses), 10 (46%) due to other safety events (104 doses) and 9 (41%) due to other reasons (25 doses). Overall, 20 cycle delays were observed in 13 (59%) pts, with median (range) delay of 12.0 (4–133) days. Two pts (9%) had a cycle delay due to COVID-19 infection (2 cycles), 1 (5%) due to COVID-19 vaccination (1 cycle), 5 (23%) due to adverse events (8 cycles), 2 (9%) due to ASCT (2 cycles) and 7 (32%) due to other reasons (7 cycles). Total number of missed doses (missed doses due to COVID-19-related issues) were 17 (3) for daratumumab, 53 (11) for bortezomib, 45 (9) for cyclophosphamide and 123 (86) for dexamethasone; 238 doses missed in total. No fatalities occurred due to any infection.

Conclusions: DaraVCD was associated with a good safety profile in this high risk MM with EMD patient population. The COVID-19 impact on missed doses was greater for dexamethasone (>60% of missed doses) than other components (~20%), however overall, the pandemic did not significantly affect the patients’ safety and data integrity of the study. The enrollment in the study is ongoing, and more safety and efficacy data will become available with the inclusion of additional pts in an updated analysis.

Disclosures: Beksac: Amgen,Celgene,Janssen,Takeda,Oncopeptides,Sanofi: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau. Tuglular: GSK: Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Honoraria, Research Funding; Abbvie: Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen-Cilag: Honoraria, Research Funding; Genesis Pharma: Honoraria, Research Funding; Sanofi: Honoraria, Research Funding. Cavo: Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Honoraria; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel Accommodations, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES, Speakers Bureau; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Honoraria; AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol-Myers Squib: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Consultancy, Honoraria. Gay: GSK: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Oncopeptides: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bluebird bio: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Katodritou: GSK, Amgen, Karyopharm, Abbvie, Janssen-Cilag, Genesis Pharma, Sanofi: Honoraria, Research Funding. Merante: EMN Italy Medical Monitor: Research Funding. Manousou: Health Data Specialists: Current Employment. Sonneveld: Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Celgene/BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; SkylineDx: Honoraria, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Terpos: GSK: Honoraria, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Genesis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria; Janssen-Cilag: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; BMS: Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding.

*signifies non-member of ASH