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2127 Impact of Compliance on Elastic Compression Stockings Efficacy to Prevent Post-Thrombotic Syndrome: A Prespecified Analysis of the Celest Double-Blind Study

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 331. Thrombosis: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Bleeding and Clotting, Non-Biological, Clinical Research, Thromboembolism, Devices, Diseases, Therapies
Sunday, December 12, 2021, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Jean philippe Galanaud, MD, PhD1, Genty Celine, msc2*, Alexa Comte, msc2*, Carole Rolland, msc2*, Francois Verriere, md3* and jean-Luc Bosson, md, phd2*

1department of medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
2Grenoble University Hospital, Grenoble, France
3laboratoires innothera, arcueil, France

Introduction: Elastic compression stockings (ECS) are commonly used for the prevention of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) after deep venous thrombosis (DVT). However, their efficacy is controversial. While two open-label studies reported a 50% risk reduction of PTS in the ECS vs. no-ECS groups, a large double-blind study didn’t find any benefit of ECS vs. placebo-ECS to prevent PTS. These opposite results could be explained either by a placebo effect in the open-label studies or to a lack of compliance to study ECS in the double-blind study. Additional data on the impact of compliance on ECS efficacy, obtained in a double-blind way, are therefore needed.

Methods: We analyzed data from the French, CELEST, multicentre double-blind trial comparing 25mmHg ECS vs. 35mmHg ECS to prevent PTS at 2 years after a first symptomatic ipsilateral proximal DVT (NCT01578122). All CELEST patients who had complete data for primary outcome (i.e. PTS, defined as a Villalta score ≥5 on the DVT affected leg at the one- or 2-year follow up visit) were included. The objectives of this predefined analysis were to: i) compare the incidences of PTS at 2 years according to compliance to ECS (irrespective of allocated treatment group) during the first 3 months of treatment and during the 2-year follow-up; ii) assess independent predictors of PTS using a stepwise multivariable model including all of the following variables (baseline patients’ and DVT characteristics, anticoagulant treatment and compliance to ECS) if they achieved a p value of 0.2 or less in univariate analysis as well as ECS strength allocation group; iii) build an induction tree algorithm to measure the impact in terms of incidence of PTS of each of the independent predictor of PTS. Compliance to ECS was defined as reasonable and optimal if the patient had worn the study ECS more than 50% and more than 80% of the time respectively and had a modified GIRERD score of 0-2.

Results: 249 patients were eligible for this analysis. Mean baseline age was 57 years, 70% (n=174) were men, 20% (n=50) were obese, 21% (n=52) had previous VTE event, 7% (n=18) had a baseline Villalta score ≥5 and the most proximal extent of DVT was the iliac vein in 15% (n=37) of cases. In 80% (n=179) of cases patients were treated with anticoagulation for more than 6 months after DVT and a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) was used in 69% (n=164) of cases. 32 % (n=80) of patients developed PTS at 2 years. When patients wore study ECS>80% of the time (i.e optimal compliance), incidence of PTS over 2 years was 26.1% (n=31). Incidence of PTS was 25.0% (n=10) and 40.5% (n=34) in those patients who wore ECS 50-80% and <50% of the time, p=0.06. When comparing patients who never wore study ECS (compliance<50% during the whole study follow-up) to those who were reasonably compliant during the whole study follow-up, incidence of PTS was respectively 46.4% (n=13) vs. 25.3% (n=38), p=0.02. Results of the univariate and multivariate analyses are presented in Table 1 and induction tree algorithm is provided in Figure 1.

Conclusions: In our double bling study assessing 25mmHg vs. 35mmHg ECS to prevent PTS, compliance to ECS was a significant independent predictor of PTS in our multivariable model. Impact of ECS use became apparent when patient used ECS at least 50% of the time without any strong benefit beyond. Wearing study ECS>50% of the time was associated with 2-fold decreased risk of developing PTS, which is consistent with the results from previous ‘positive’ open-label studies. It suggests that use of ECS influences the risk of developing PTS. Our induction tree algorithm evidences that being compliant with ECS seems particularly beneficial in - non-obese - patients with extensive DVT.

Disclosures: Verriere: Laboratoires Innothera: Current Employment.

*signifies non-member of ASH