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51 Mental Health Among Patients with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Danish Nationwide Study of Psychotropic Drug Use in 7,201 Patients and 36,005 Matched Comparators

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 627. Aggressive Lymphomas: Clinical and Epidemiological: Population data for Aggressive NHL Management
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Adults, Epidemiology, Lymphomas, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Clinical Research, Health Outcomes Research, Clinically Relevant, Diseases, Real World Evidence, Registries, Lymphoid Malignancies, Study Population
Saturday, December 11, 2021: 10:00 AM

Andreas Kiesbye Oevlisen, MD, PhD1,2*, Lasse H. Jakobsen, MSc, PhD1,2*, Kristian Hay Kragholm, MD3*, René Ernst Nielsen, Professor, MD4,5*, Peter De Nully Brown, MD6, Rasmus Bo Dahl-Soerensen, MD7*, Henrik Frederiksen8*, Nikolaj Mannering, MD8*, Pär L. Josefsson, MD9, Ahmed Al-Mashhadi, MD10*, Judit M. Jørgensen, MD, PhD11*, Andriette Dessau-Arp, MD12*, Michael Roost Clausen, MD, PhD13*, Robert Schou Pedersen, MD, PhD14*, Christian Torp-Pedersen, MD15*, Marianne Tang Severinsen, MD, PhD1,2* and Tarec Christoffer El-Galaly, MD1,2

1Department of Hematology, Clinical Cancer Research Center, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
2Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
3Unit of Clinical Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Department of Cardiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
4Department of Psychiatry, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
5Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
6Dept. of Hematology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
7Department of Hematology, Roskilde Sygehus, Roskilde, Denmark
8Department of Hematology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark
9Department of Hematology, Copenhagen University Hospital (Rigshospitalet), Herlev, Denmark
10Department of Hematology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
11Department of Hematology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
12Department of Hematology, Sydvestjysk Hospital, Esbjerg, Denmark
13Department of Haematology, Vejle Hospital, Vejle, Denmark
14Department of Hematology, Holstebro Hospital, Holstebro, Denmark
15Department of Cardiology, Nordsjaellands Hospital, Hillerød, Denmark

Introduction: A cancer diagnosis is associated with profound psychological distress that potentially can lead to mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) are a heterogenous group of indolent and aggressive cancer diseases with high variability in treatment selections and patient outcomes. Some patients are chronically ill with recurrent need for mild chemotherapy whereas others face immediately life-threatening, yet curable disease. To gain valuable insights into the psychological distress associated with NHLs, the present study investigated the incident psychotropic drug (PD – antidepressants, anxiolytics, and antipsychotics) use, contact patterns to psychiatric departments, and intentional self-harm (including suicide) in Danish NHL patients relative to sex- and age matched individuals from the background population.

Methods: The study was carried out as a nationwide population-based matched cohort study based on prospectively collected data from several Danish registries. All adult NHL patients (≥18 years) diagnosed between 2005 and 2015 were identified in the Danish Lymphoma Registry and included if they had not been treated with any kind of PD within the last 10 years prior to date of NHL diagnosis (index date). NHL patients were matched on age and sex with five random comparators from the Danish background population on the index date. Comparators had to be alive and without PD use 10 years prior to the index date. Incident PD use was defined as first redeemed prescription of PD after index date. Prescriptions were captured in the National Prescription Registry and described by cumulative incidences using the Aalen-Johansen estimator with death and NHL relapse as competing risk. Contacts with psychiatric departments and registration of intentional self-harm or completed suicide were captured in the Danish National Patient Registry. Patients were subcategorized according to type of lymphoma (Table 1).

Results: In total, 7,201 NHL patients and 36,005 matched comparators were included (median follow-up 7.1 years). Follicular lymphoma (FL, 44.4%) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL, 41.0%) were the most common subtypes (Table 2). Two-year cumulative incidence of PD use was higher in NHL patients overall (16.2%, 95%CI 15.4-17.0%) compared to matched comparators (5.7%, 95%CI 5.5-5.9%). Patients with aggressive NHL subtypes tended to have the highest incidence of PD use (Figure 1). Antidepressants (two-year cumulative incidence, 9.0%, 95%CI 8.4-9.6) and anxiolytics (8.2%, 95%CI 7.6-8.8) were the most used PDs in all NHL subtypes. The risk of PD use was higher in the first years following diagnosis, but except for patients with indolent NHL subtypes, the risk of PD use normalized over time to that of the background population. As for the risk of any psychiatric department contacts, there was no difference in two-year cumulative incidences between NHL patients (range 0.6-0.9%) and the matched comparators (range 0.6%-0.9%), whereas the two-year cumulative incidence of intentional self-harm and suicide was slightly higher for NHL patients (0.3%) compared to the matched comparators (0.2%, p=0.01).

Conclusion: This study suggests that NHL patients have a significantly higher risk of mental health problems compared to the Danish background population, (when) using PD prescriptions as a proxy measure. The risk of intentional self-harm and completed suicide was also higher, but numerical differences were very small. Overall, the results emphasize the need for directing clinical attention on mental health in newly diagnosed NHL patients and screening for relevant symptoms during follow-up to provide best possible support to patients suffering from anxiety and depression.

Disclosures: Oevlisen: Abbvie: Other: Travel expenses. Kragholm: Novartis: Honoraria. Nielsen: Lundbeck: Honoraria, Other: Investigator, Research Funding; Otsuka Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria, Other: Prior Advisor, Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria; Astra Zeneca: Honoraria, Other: Prior advisor; Janssen & Cilag: Honoraria, Other: Investigator; Servier: Honoraria; Teva A/S: Honoraria; Eli Lilly: Honoraria, Other: Prior Advisor; Takeda: Other: Prior advisor; Medivir: Other; Boehringer: Other: Investigator. Brown: BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartys: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Incyte: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Dahl-Soerensen: Takeda: Other: Travel grant. Frederiksen: Novartis: Research Funding; Alexion: Research Funding; Gilead: Research Funding; Abbvie: Research Funding; Janssen Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding. Mannering: Novartis: Research Funding; Swedish Orphan Biovitrum (SOBI): Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Jørgensen: Gilead: Consultancy; Roche: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy. Clausen: Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel expences ASH 2019; Gilead: Consultancy, Other: Travel expences 15th ICML . El-Galaly: ROCHE Ltd: Ended employment in the past 24 months; Abbvie: Other: Speakers fee.

*signifies non-member of ASH