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2701 The INSURE Study (INSIGHT MM, UVEA-IXA, REMIX): A Pooled Analysis of Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma (RRMM) Patients (pts) Treated with Ixazomib-Lenalidomide-Dexamethasone (IRd) in Routine Clinical Practice

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 652. Multiple Myeloma and Plasma cell Dyscrasias: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Adults, Workforce, Health Outcomes Research, Plasma Cell Disorders, Elderly, Diseases, Real World Evidence, Registries, Lymphoid Malignancies, Study Population
Sunday, December 12, 2021, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Xavier Leleu, MD1, Mario Boccadoro2*, Hans C. Lee, MD3, Jeffrey A. Zonder, MD4, Magaret Macro5*, Karthik Ramasamy, MD6, Cyrille Hulin7*, Jiri Silar, MSc8*, Matyáš Kuhn, MSc8*, Kaili Ren, PhD9*, Nawal Bent-Ennakhil10*, Sylvie Bouillie11*, Dasha Cherepanov9*, Dawn Marie Stull12* and Evangelos Terpos, MD, PhD13

1Pôle Régional de Cancérologie, Department of Hematology, CHU La Milétrie-Poitiers, Poitiers, France
2Division of Hematology, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
3M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
4Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute / Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI
5CHU de Caen, Caen, France
6Department of Haematology, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom
7CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France
8Institute of Biostatistics & Analyses, Ltd, Brno, Czech Republic
9Takeda Development Center Americas, Inc. (TDCA), Lexington, MA
10Takeda Pharmaceuticals International AG, Opfikon, Switzerland
11Takeda France SAS, Paris, France
12Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc., Lexington, MA
13Department of Clinical Therapeutics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Medicine, Athens, Greece

Background:

IRd has been approved for the treatment of RRMM based on the results of the TOURMALINE-MM1 study, (median progression-free survival [PFS] with IRd vs placebo-Rd: 20.6 vs 14.7 months). Several retrospective and prospective observational studies have shown comparable effectiveness of IRd in ≥2nd line of therapy (LoT) in the real-world setting to that observed in the MM1 trial, with median PFS ranging from 15.6 to 27.6 months. Here we report an analysis of a large, globally representative dataset pooled from 3 observational studies to investigate the effectiveness of IRd in the overall RRMM population, by LoT, and in subpopulations of pts defined by frailty status.

Methods:

INSIGHT MM is a large, prospective study which has enrolled >4200 MM pts from Europe, Asia, the US, and Latin America, with a planned follow-up of ≥2 years. UVEA-IXA is a multicenter, longitudinal cohort study of ~300 RRMM pts receiving ixazomib-based treatment via an early access program in Europe. It comprises a retrospective phase (chart review of the period from ixazomib initiation to enrolment in UVEA-IXA) followed by a 1-year prospective follow-up period. REMIX is a retrospective/prospective study of ~200 pts receiving IRd via a compassionate use program in France. The INSURE pooled analysis included adult pts with ≥2 prior MM therapy lines, and who had received IRd in ≥2nd LoT. PFS was a primary outcome measure; secondary outcome measures included duration of treatment (DoT), overall response rate (ORR), time-to-next therapy (TTNT), overall survival (OS), and safety. Using the Kaplan-Meier method, time-to-event endpoints were analyzed in the overall analysis population, by LoT, and in subpopulations of pts defined by a simplified frailty score (0–1 [non-frail] vs ≥2 [frail]). Adverse events (AEs) and discontinuations/dose reductions due to AEs, were reported separately for each study.

Results:

In total, 566 pts were identified in this pooled analysis (INSIGHT MM, n=181; UVEA-IXA, n=195; REMIX, n=190), with a median follow-up of 18.5 months overall. Median age at the start of IRd therapy was 68 years (range 36–92), with 21% of pts aged >75 years; 17.6% of pts had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≥2; pts had received a median of 2 LoT prior to IRd; 41%, 38%, and 21% of pts received IRd as 2nd, 3rd, and ≥4th LoT, respectively. Of 408 pts with frailty scores recorded, 166 (41%) were defined as frail, with similar percentages (39–42%) across all LoTs. Median DoT was 14.0 months overall and decreased with increasing LoT (Table). Median PFS was 20.8 months overall, ranging from 22.1 to 11.6 months with IRd as 2nd and ≥4th LoT, respectively (Figure/Table). OS data are not yet mature. Among 406 response-evaluable pts, the ORR was 64.5%, being highest in pts receiving IRd as 2nd (70.7%) vs 3rd (63.1%) or ≥4th LoT (52.1%). In frail vs non-frail pts, median PFS was 11.9 vs 24.0 months, while median DoT was 9.7 vs 16.1 months, respectively; consistent trends for longer DoT/PFS with earlier vs later LoTs were seen in both frail and non-frail pts (Table).

Analyses of REMIX AEs are ongoing. In INSIGHT, 30%, 23%, and 18% of pts discontinued ixazomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone, respectively, due to AEs; 14%, 19%, and 12% reduced their respective treatment dosage to manage AEs. In UVEA-IXA, discontinuation rates were 17%, 15%, and 10%, respectively; 9%, 9%, and 1%, had dose reductions. The most common AEs leading to ixazomib discontinuation in INSIGHT and UVEA-IXA were thrombocytopenia (19 and 24%, respectively), diarrhea (9 and 18%), infections and infestations/infection (15% and 6%), peripheral neuropathy (7 and 12%), and fatigue in INSIGHT only (11%). Analyses of TTNT, OS, AEs associated with treatment discontinuations in REMIX, and additional analyses of the frail cohort are ongoing and will be presented.

Conclusions:

The findings from this analysis of a large, global, pooled dataset of 566 pts show that the effectiveness of IRd in routine clinical practice is consistent with the efficacy of IRd observed in TOURMALINE-MM1 (median PFS 20.8 vs 20.6 months), with no new safety concerns. Our results suggest a benefit of treatment with IRd in earlier vs later lines, consistent with reports from previous, smaller real-world studies of IRd in RRMM pts. In addition, this analysis provides important insights on the effectiveness of IRd in frail pts, helping to increase the understanding of the achievable outcomes in this subpopulation.

Disclosures: Leleu: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria; Celgene: Honoraria; Carsgen Therapeutics Ltd: Honoraria; Pierre Fabre: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; Gilead Sciences: Honoraria; Janssen-Cilag: Honoraria; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Honoraria; Mundipharma: Honoraria; Merck: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria; Oncopeptides: Honoraria; AbbVie: Honoraria; Roche: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria, Other: Non-financial support. Boccadoro: Sanofi: Honoraria, Research Funding; Celgene: Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria, Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria, Research Funding; Mundipharma: Research Funding; AbbVie: Honoraria; GSK: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Lee: Sanofi: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Consultancy; Oncopetides: Consultancy; Takeda Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Regeneron: Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy; Genentech: Consultancy; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Research Funding; Legend Biotech: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy. Zonder: Intellia: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Regeneron: Consultancy; Caelum Biosciences: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy; Alnylam: Consultancy. Macro: Takeda: Honoraria, Other: Travel accomodation, Research Funding; Janssen: Honoraria, Other: Travel accomodation, Research Funding; GSK: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Celgen/BMS: Honoraria. Ramasamy: Amgen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Conference registration, Research Funding; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Conference registration, Research Funding; Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Conference registration, Research Funding; Celgene (BMS): Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Conference registration, Research Funding; GSK: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Oncopeptides: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Adaptive biotech: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer oncology: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Hulin: abbvie: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Celgene/BMS: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria. Ren: Takeda: Current Employment. Bent-Ennakhil: Takeda: Current Employment. Bouillie: TAKEDA ONCOLOGIE FRANCE: Current Employment. Cherepanov: Takeda: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Stull: Takeda Pharmaceuticals: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Terpos: Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; BMS: Honoraria; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Genesis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; GSK: Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen-Cilag: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding.

*signifies non-member of ASH