Session: 615. Acute Myeloid Leukemias: Commercially Available Therapies, Excluding Transplantation and Cellular Immunotherapies: Updates in treatment for high-risk AML
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Clinical Trials, Non-Biological, Clinical Research, APL, Diseases, Myeloid Malignancies
Low-risk patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) can be cured using only ATRA and arsenic trioxide (ATO), without chemotherapy(Lo-Coco F, et al. NEJM 2013) .Our group simplified the protocol by replacing iv ATO with oral arsenic, referred to as RIF, allowing for outpatient, oral and chemotherapy-free treatment for an increasing number of APL patients (Zhu HH, et al. NEJM 2014; 371:2239-41;Zhu HH, et al. Lancet Oncol 2018;19:871-879; Zhu HH, et al. Blood 2019;134:597-605). We also reported a promising single-center results using chemo-free postremission treatment for high-risk APL patients (Zhu HH, Blood 2018;131:2987-2989), which need to be confirmed in a well designed multi-center trial.
To evaluate the efficacy of safety Realgar indigo formula plus retinoic acid as postremission treatment in an oral and chemo-free model for high-risk APL patients .
Design, setting and participants:
a prospective, multicenter, single-arm, phase II clinical trial conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine, China. Eligible patients (>18 years old) with newly diagnosed APL and achieved complete remission(CR) were enrolled since May 2019, with final follow-up in July 31,2021.
The consolidation therapy included realgar-Indigo naturalis formula (60 mg/kg daily in an oral divided dose) in a 4-week-on and4-week-off regimen for 4 cycles and ATRA (25 mg/m2 daily in anoral divided dose) in a 2-week-on and 2-week-off regimen for 7 cycles. The primary endpoint was the 2-year DFS. Secondary endpoints included complete molecular remission (CMR) defined as the absence of detectable PML-RARA transcripts., event-free survival (EFS), OS, and safety.
Main outcomes and measures:
38 eligible patients were enrolled including 18 males and 20 females and the median age was 41 years old (18-77 years). The median of WBC count is 25.39（10.2-113.9）×109/L[ >50×109/L n=10; (20-50)×109/L n=14，(10-20)×109/L n=14].All the patients achieved CMR during post-remission treatment phase (7 months). Until now, no molecular, hematologic recurrence,and central nervous system leukemia has happened with median follow-up of 13 months. What’s more, this chemotherapy-free, completely oral regimen was well tolerated.
These exciting results proved that RIF plus retinoic acid as postremission treatment of high-risk APL was effective, safe and convenient. The study is ongoing, and the effective of this regimen need to be evaluated by more patients and longer time.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
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