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79 Daratumumab (DARA) Plus Lenalidomide, Bortezomib, and Dexamethasone (RVd) in Patients (Pts) with Transplant-Eligible Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma (NDMM): Updated Analysis of Griffin after 24 Months of Maintenance

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 653. Myeloma and Plasma Cell Dyscrasias: Clinical-Prospective Therapeutic Trials: Phase 2 and 3 Trials in Myeloma
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Biological therapies, Adults, Workforce, Plasma Cell Disorders, Diseases, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies, Monoclonal Antibody Therapy, Study Population
Saturday, December 11, 2021: 9:30 AM

Jacob P. Laubach1*, Jonathan L. Kaufman, MD2, Douglas W. Sborov, MD, MSc3, Brandi Reeves, MD4, Cesar Rodriguez5, Ajai Chari, MD6*, Rebecca W. Silbermann, MD7, Luciano J. Costa, MD, PhD8, Larry D. Anderson Jr., MD, PhD9, Nitya Nathwani, MD10, Nina Shah, MD11, Naresh Bumma, MD12, Yvonne A. Efebera, MD, MPH13, Sarah A. Holstein, MD, PhD14, Caitlin Costello, MD15, Andrzej Jakubowiak16, Tanya M. Wildes, MD, MSc17, Robert Z. Orlowski18, Kenneth H. Shain, MD, PhD19, Andrew J. Cowan20*, Huiling Pei, PhD21*, Annelore Cortoos22*, Sharmila Patel, PhD22*, J Blake Bartlett, PhD23, Jessica Vermeulen24, Thomas S. Lin, MD, PhD22, Paul G. Richardson, MD25 and Peter M. Voorhees, MD26*

1Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA
2Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
3Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT
4University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
5Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC
6Tisch Cancer Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY
7Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR
8University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
9Division of Hematology and Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX
10Judy and Bernard Briskin Center for Multiple Myeloma Research, City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center, Duarte, CA
11Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
12Division of Hematology, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH
13OhioHealth, Columbus, OH
14Division of Oncology & Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE
15Moores Cancer Center, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA
16University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL
17Cancer & Aging Research Group, St. Louis, MO
18Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
19Department of Malignant Hematology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL
20Division of Medical Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
21Janssen Research & Development, LLC, Titusville, NJ
22Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC, Horsham, PA
23Janssen Research & Development, LLC, Raritan, NJ
24Janssen Research & Development, Leiden, Netherlands
25Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA
26Levine Cancer Institute - Atrium Health, Charlotte, NC

Introduction: DARA is approved for NDMM and previously treated MM. In the primary analysis of the phase 2 GRIFFIN trial (NCT02874742) in autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT)-eligible NDMM pts (median follow-up, 13.5 mo), DARA plus RVd (D-RVd) improved the rate of stringent complete response (sCR) by the end of post-ASCT consolidation versus RVd (42.4% vs 32.0%, 1-sided P=0.068) (Voorhees PM, et al. Blood. 2020). With longer follow-up (median, 27.4 mo), responses deepened and were improved for D-RVd versus RVd (sCR rate: 63.6% vs 47.4%, 2-sided P=0.0253), as did the MRD-negativity (105) rate (62.5% vs 27.2%, P<0.0001) (Kaufman JL, et al. Blood. 2020). Here, we present updated efficacy and safety results after 24 months of maintenance therapy or treatment discontinuation (median follow-up, 38.6 mo).

Methods: Pts with NDMM eligible for high-dose therapy (HDT) and ASCT were randomized 1:1 to receive RVd or D-RVd, stratified by ISS disease stage (I, II, or III) and creatinine clearance (30-50 or >50 mL/min). Pts received 4 RVd or D-RVd induction cycles, HDT, ASCT, 2 RVd or D-RVd consolidation cycles, and maintenance with lenalidomide (R) alone or with DARA (D-R) for 24 months. During induction and consolidation (21-day cycles), pts received R (25 mg PO on Days 1-14), bortezomib (1.3 mg/m2 SC on Days 1, 4, 8, and 11), and dexamethasone (40 mg PO QW) ± DARA (16 mg/kg IV on Days 1, 8, and 15 of Cycles 1-4 and Day 1 of Cycles 5-6). During maintenance (Cycles 7-32; 28-day cycles), pts received R (10 mg PO on Days 1-21; if tolerated, 15 mg in Cycle 10+) ± DARA (16 mg/kg IV) Q8W (or Q4W per pt decision after protocol amendment 2) until disease progression or up to 24 months. The primary endpoint was sCR rate by the end of post-ASCT consolidation (tested at 1-sided α of 0.10). Responses were assessed per IMWG criteria by a validated computer algorithm. Key secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and MRD negativity assessed by NGS at the minimum sensitivity threshold of 10–5, at suspected complete response or better (≥CR), at the end of induction and consolidation, and after 12 and 24 months of maintenance, regardless of response. Secondary analyses were evaluated using 2-sided α of 0.05, not adjusted for multiplicity.

Results: In total, 207 pts were randomized (D-RVd, n=104; RVd, n=103); baseline characteristics were well balanced. After 24 months of D-R or R maintenance therapy, the rate of sCR favored D-RVd versus RVd in the response-evaluable population (66.0% [66/100] vs 47.4% [46/97], 2-sided P=0.0096; Figure). In the intent-to-treat (ITT) population, MRD-negativity (10–5) rates also remained higher for D-RVd versus RVd (64.4% [67/104] vs 30.1% [31/103], P<0.0001), as well as among pts who achieved ≥CR (78.0% [64/82] vs 47.5% [28/59], P=0.0003). Similarly, MRD-negativity (10–6) rates favored D-RVd versus RVd in the ITT population (35.6% vs 14.6%, P=0.0007; Figure), as well as among pts who achieved ≥CR (42.7% vs 22.0%, P=0.0121). The rate of sustained MRD negativity (10–5) lasting ≥12 months in the ITT population was >3-fold higher for D-RVd versus RVd (44.2% vs 12.6%, P<0.0001). With 38.6 months follow-up, median PFS was not reached in either arm but trended towards favoring D-RVd versus RVd (hazard ratio, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.21-1.01; Figure). The estimated 36-month PFS rate was 88.9% for D-RVd and 81.2% for RVd. In total, 14 pts died (D-RVd, n=7; RVd, n=7), 9 from progressive disease (D-RVd, n=5; RVd, n=4). No new safety concerns were observed with extended follow-up. In total, 86.9% (86/99) of D-RVd pts and 79.4% (81/102) of RVd pts developed grade 3/4 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs). Serious TEAEs occurred in 46.5% of D-RVd pts and 52.0% of RVd pts. TEAEs led to discontinuation of study treatment at the same rate (D-RVd, 34.3%; RVd, 34.3%). One pt in each group died due to TEAEs, neither related to study treatment.

Conclusion: After 24 months of maintenance therapy, the addition of DARA to RVd induction and consolidation in conjunction with ASCT, followed by DARA plus R maintenance, continued to demonstrate deep and durable responses in pts with transplant-eligible NDMM, including sCR and MRD-negativity (10–5 and 10–6) rates. While this study was not powered for PFS, there is a positive trend towards improved PFS in the D-RVd group. No new safety concerns were observed with longer follow-up. These results support the use of D-RVd induction/consolidation and D-R maintenance in transplant-eligible NDMM pts.

Disclosures: Kaufman: BMS, Janssen, AbbVie, Novartis, Amgen: Research Funding; Sutro, Takeda: Research Funding; Roche, BMS: Consultancy. Sborov: Sanofi: Consultancy; SkylineDx: Consultancy; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Reeves: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Speakers Bureau; Incyte Corporation: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Pharma Essentia: Consultancy, Honoraria. Rodriguez: Karyopharm: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; BMS: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Honoraria; Amgen: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau. Chari: Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Shattuck Labs: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Secura Bio: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi Genzyme: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Seattle Genetics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Research Funding; Antengene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Genentech: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Millenium/Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; Janssen Oncology: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding; BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Silbermann: Janssen Pharmaceuticals: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi Genzyme: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Costa: Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria; BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau. Anderson: Celgene, BMS, Janssen, GSK, Karyopharm, Oncopeptides, Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Shah: GSK: Consultancy; Nektar: Research Funding; Kite: Consultancy; CareDx: Consultancy; CSL Behring: Consultancy; Indapta Therapeutics: Consultancy; Janssen: Research Funding; Poseida: Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy; BMS/Celgene: Research Funding; Bluebird Bio: Research Funding; Oncopeptides: Consultancy; Teneobio: Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy; Precision Biosciences: Research Funding; Sutro Biopharma: Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy. Bumma: Janssen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Speakers Bureau; Sanofi: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau. Holstein: Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Genentech, GSK, Janssen, Secura Bio, Sorrento: Honoraria; Celgene: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Oncopeptides: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Jakubowiak: Abbvie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GSK: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Gracell: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Wildes: Carevive: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy. Orlowski: Asylia Therapeutics, Inc., BioTheryX, Inc., and Heidelberg Pharma, AG.: Other: Laboratory research funding; CARsgen Therapeutics, Celgene, Exelixis, Janssen Biotech, Sanofi-Aventis, Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.: Other: Clinical research funding; Asylia Therapeutics, Inc.: Current holder of individual stocks in a privately-held company, Patents & Royalties; Amgen, Inc., BioTheryX, Inc., Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene, Forma Therapeutics, Genzyme, GSK Biologicals, Janssen Biotech, Juno Therapeutics, Karyopharm Therapeutics, Inc., Kite Pharma, Neoleukin Corporation, Oncopeptides AB, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, I: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen, Inc., BioTheryX, Inc., Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene, EcoR1 Capital LLC, Genzyme, GSK Biologicals, Janssen Biotech, Karyopharm Therapeutics, Inc., Neoleukin Corporation, Oncopeptides AB, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Sanofi-Aventis, and Takeda P: Consultancy, Honoraria. Shain: AbbVie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Amgen Inc: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Sanofi Genzyme: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; GlaxoSmithLine, LLC: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Adaptive Biotechnologies Corporation: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Janssen oncology: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc.: Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation: Consultancy. Cowan: BMS: Research Funding; Secura Bio: Consultancy; GSK: Consultancy; Harpoon: Research Funding; Cellectar: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Nektar: Research Funding. Pei: Janssen: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Cortoos: Janssen: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Patel: Janssen: Current Employment. Bartlett: Janssen: Current Employment. Vermeulen: Janssen: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Lin: Janssen: Current Employment. Richardson: Sanofi: Consultancy; Secura Bio: Consultancy; Regeneron: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy; Protocol Intelligence: Consultancy; Celgene/BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding. Voorhees: Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Secura Bio: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.

OffLabel Disclosure: The specific regimen combination is not yet approved, but individual components are.

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