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392 Preliminary Efficacy and Safety of MK-1026, a Non-Covalent Inhibitor of Wild-Type and C481S Mutated Bruton Tyrosine Kinase, in B-Cell Malignancies: A Phase 2 Dose Expansion Study

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 642. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Clinical and Epidemiological I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Clinical Research
Sunday, December 12, 2021: 9:45 AM

Jennifer A. Woyach, MD1, Ian W. Flinn, MD, PhD2, Farrukh T. Awan, MD3, Herbert Eradat, MD4, Danielle M. Brander, MD5, Michael Tees, MD, MPH6, Sameer A. Parikh, MD7, Tycel Phillips, MD8, Wayne Wang, MD9*, Nishitha M. Reddy, MD10*, Mohammed Z.H. Farooqui, DO10, John C. Byrd, MD11 and Deborah M. Stephens12

1Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
2Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Nashville, TN
3Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX
4Department of Hematology-Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
5Duke Cancer Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC
6Colorado Blood Cancer Institute, Denver, CO
7Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
8Division of Hematology and Oncology, University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center, Ann Arbor, MI
9Veristat, LLC, Southborough, MA
10Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ
11Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH
12Division of Hematology and Hematologic Malignancies, University of Utah Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, UT

Introduction: Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors (BTKi) have revolutionized the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) and certain B-cell neoplasms. However, resistance to BTKi develops primarily through mutations at the cysteine binding site (C481) or PLCγ2 mutations. MK-1026 (formerly ARQ-531) is a non-covalent, potent inhibitor of both wild type and C481- mutated BTK. In the phase 1/2 dose escalation and dose expansion study NCT03162536, the preliminary recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of MK-1026 was determined to be 65 mg once daily. The efficacy and safety of MK-1026 in participants with CLL/SLL and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) were also evaluated at a higher dose during the dose expansion phase.

Methods: In this open-label, single-arm phase 2 study, 9 expansion cohorts were initiated following determination of preliminary MK-1026 RP2D. Approximately 10-25 eligible participants were enrolled into Cohort A (relapsed/refractory (r/r) CLL/SLL, with ≥2 prior therapies including covalent BTKi, with documented C481 mutation), Cohort B (r/r CLL/SLL progressed on/intolerant to a BTKi, with ≥2 prior therapies without C481 mutation), Cohort C (participants with Richter transformation [RT] with ≥1 prior therapy), Cohort D-H (participants with follicular lymphoma (FL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), high-grade B cell lymphoma (BCL) with known MYC, BCL-2 or BCL-6 translocations, and Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM), respectively, who received ≥2 prior therapies), Cohort I (food effect cohort including participants with B-cell NHL, CLL/SLL, and WM). Treatment continued until unacceptable toxicity, clinical or radiological progression, participant/physician withdrawal. Primary endpoint was overall response rate (per iwCLL criteria, by investigator) for participants with CLL/SLL. Secondary endpoints included duration of response and safety and tolerability. The data cut-off date for this analysis was April 7, 2021.

Results: Among 118 participants enrolled, 44 had B-cell NHL (including 6 with DLBCL,
11 with FL, 3 with high-grade BCL, 6 with MCL, 2 with MZL, 16 with RT), 68 CLL/SLL, and 4 WM. Of these, 94 (79.6%) were treated at the preliminary RP2D, including 51 (54.3%) participants with CLL/SLL. Participants with CLL/SLL had a median (range) number of prior therapies of 4 (1-18), 43 (84%) had prior BTKi therapy, 12 (23%) had del17p, 26 (51%) had IGHV unmutated status, and 32 (63%) had C481S BTK mutation. At data cut-off, median (range) follow-up was 4.56 months (0.1-26.7) for all treated participants. ORR was 57.9% (N = 22 of 38; 1 CR, 21 PR/PRL) per iwCLL criteria in the efficacy evaluable population of participants with CLL/SLL treated at preliminary RP2D. The median duration of response in these participants was not estimable [NE] (range, 8.3 months-NE). At data cut-off, the median duration of treatment exposure was 3.2 months (range, 0-35.9). Among all treated participants, 114 (97%) had a treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE), with 78 (66%) having a drug-related TEAE, and 9 (8%) having a drug-related TEAE that led to discontinuation. Common TEAEs (≥ 20%) included fatigue (33%), constipation (31%), dysgeusia (28%), cough (25%), nausea (25%), pyrexia (25%), dizziness (23%), hypertension (23%), peripheral edema (22%), arthralgia (20%), and diarrhea (21%). Grade ≥3 TEAEs occurred in 80 (68%) participants. Grade 5 TEAEs occurred in 7 (6%) participants and included death following disease progression in 3 (3%), sepsis 1 (1%), dyspnea 1 (1%), and respiratory failure 2 (2%) participants. Common drug-related TEAEs (≥10%) included dysgeusia (15%), nausea (11%), fatigue (11%), and decreased neutrophil count (10%). Grade 3-4 drug-related TEAEs occurred in 31 (26%) participants. No drug-related TEAEs led to death.

Conclusion: MK-1026 has promising antitumor activity with a manageable safety profile in participants with CLL/SLL exposed to multiple lines of therapy, including in those who had progression of disease on prior covalent BTKi. Further evaluation of MK-1026 in B-cell malignancies is ongoing.

Disclosures: Woyach: AbbVie Inc, ArQule Inc, Janssen Biotech Inc, AstraZeneca, Beigene: Other: Advisory Committee; AbbVie Inc, ArQule Inc, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP, Janssen Biotech Inc, Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company,: Consultancy; AbbVie Inc, Loxo Oncology Inc, a wholly owned subsidiary of Eli Lilly & Company: Research Funding; Gilead Sciences Inc: Other: Data & Safety. Flinn: Merck: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Iksuda Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Infinity Pharmaceuticals: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Unum Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Other: All Consultancy and Research Funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Verastem: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Constellation Pharmaceuticals: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Forty Seven: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Great Point Partners: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Portola Pharmaceuticals: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Gilead Sciences: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; BeiGene: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; MorphoSys: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; IGM Biosciences: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Calithera Biosciences: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Loxo: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Nurix Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Incyte: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Celgene: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Pfizer: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Seagen: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Acerta Pharma: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Curis: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Triphase Research & Development Corp.: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Forma Therapeutics: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Agios: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Yingli Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; ArQule: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Rhizen Pharmaceuticals: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy and research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Teva: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Trillium Therapeutics: Other: All research funding payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Century Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Hutchison MediPharma: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Vincerx Pharma: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Sarah Cannon Research Institute: Current Employment; Servier Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Yingli Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Seagen: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Servier Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute; Unum Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: All consultancy payments made to Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Research Funding; Johnson & Johnson: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Seattle Genetics: Research Funding. Awan: BMS: Consultancy; Dava Oncology: Consultancy; Johnson and Johnson: Consultancy; MEI Pharma: Consultancy; Beigene: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy; Verastem: Consultancy; Epizyme: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Kite pharma: Consultancy; Gilead sciences: Consultancy; Merck: Consultancy; Cardinal Health: Consultancy; ADC Therapeutics: Consultancy; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; AbbVie: Consultancy; Astrazeneca: Consultancy; Genentech: Consultancy. Eradat: AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Beigene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Incyte: Speakers Bureau; Juno: Research Funding; Kite: Research Funding; Genentech: Research Funding. Brander: Pfizer: Consultancy, Other: Biosimilars outcomes research panel; Juno Therapeutics/Celgene/Bristol Myers Squibb: Research Funding; ArQule: Research Funding; Ascentage: Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Research Funding; BeiGene: Research Funding; DTRM: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Consultancy, Research Funding; MEI Pharma: Research Funding; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Novartis: Research Funding; LOXO: Research Funding; Verastem: Consultancy; ArQule/Merck: Consultancy; Genentech: Consultancy, Research Funding; NCCN: Other: panel member; AbbVie: Consultancy, Other: informCLL registry steering committee, Research Funding. Parikh: Pharmacyclics, MorphoSys, Janssen, AstraZeneca, TG Therapeutics, Bristol Myers Squibb, Merck, AbbVie, and Ascentage Pharma: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics, AstraZeneca, Genentech, Gilead, GlaxoSmithKline, Verastem Oncology, and AbbVie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Phillips: BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy, Other: received travel expenses from Incyte, Research Funding; Genentech: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Research Funding; ADCT, BeiGene, Bristol Myers Squibb, Cardinal Health, Incyte, Karyopharm, Morphosys, Pharmacyclics, Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy, Research Funding. Reddy: Merck & Co., Inc.: Current Employment. Farooqui: Merck & Co., Inc.: Current Employment, Other: Current Stockholder. Byrd: Newave: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Vincerx Pharmaceuticals: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis, Trillium, Astellas, AstraZeneca, Pharmacyclics, Syndax: Consultancy, Honoraria. Stephens: Karyopharm: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy; CSL Behring: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Abbvie: Consultancy; Novartis: Research Funding; JUNO: Research Funding; Mingsight: Research Funding; Arqule: Research Funding; Adaptive: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; TG Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Beigene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Epizyme: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Innate Pharma: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.

*signifies non-member of ASH