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93 Long-Term Follow-up Analysis of ZUMA-5: A Phase 2 Study of Axicabtagene Ciloleucel (Axi-Cel) in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory (R/R) Indolent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (iNHL)Clinically Relevant Abstract

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 704. Cellular Immunotherapies: Cellular Therapies for Lymphomas
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Biological, Adults, Lymphomas, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Clinical Research, Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR)-T Cell Therapies, Clinically Relevant, Diseases, Indolent Lymphoma, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies, Study Population
Saturday, December 11, 2021: 10:00 AM

Sattva S. Neelapu, MD1, Julio C. Chavez, MD2, Alison R. Sehgal, MD3, Narendranath Epperla, MD, MS4, Matthew L. Ulrickson, MD5, Emmanuel Bachy, MD, PhD6*, Pashna N. Munshi, MD7, Carla Casulo, MD8, David G. Maloney, MD, PhD9, Sven de Vos10, Ran Reshef, MD, MSc11, Lori A. Leslie, MD12*, Olalekan O. Oluwole, MBBS, MPH13, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha14, Rashmi Khanal, MD15*, Joseph D. Rosenblatt, MD16, Marika Sherman, MSHS17*, Jinghui Dong, PhD17*, Alessandro Giovanetti, BSc17*, Yin Yang, MS, MD17*, Christine Lui, MS17*, Zahid Bashir, MBBS, MS17*, A Scott Jung, MD17* and Caron Jacobson, MD18

1The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
2University of South Florida H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL
3UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, Pittsburgh, PA
4The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, Columbus, OH, USA, Columbus, OH
5Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center, Gilbert, AZ
6Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Lyon, France
7Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Washington, DC
8University of Rochester Medical Center - James P. Wilmot Cancer Center, Rochester, NY
9Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA
10Ronald Reagan University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, Santa Monica, CA
11Columbia University Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, New York, NY
12John Theurer Cancer Center, Hackensack, NJ
13Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN
14CHU de Lille, Univ Lille, INSERM U1286, Infinite, 59000 Lille, France
15Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA
16University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, Miami, FL
17Kite, a Gilead Company, Santa Monica, CA
18Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA

Background: Axi-cel is an autologous anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy approved for the treatment of R/R large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma (FL), both after ≥2 lines of systemic therapy. ZUMA-5 is a Phase 2, multicenter, single-arm study evaluating axi-cel in patients with R/R iNHL (including FL and marginal zone lymphoma [MZL]). In the primary analysis of ZUMA-5 (N=104; 17.5 months median follow-up), the overall response rate (ORR) was 92% (76% complete response [CR] rate), and median peak CAR T-cell levels were numerically greater in patients with FL who were in ongoing response at data cutoff than in those who relapsed (Jacobson et al. ASH 2020. Abstract 700). Here, we report updated clinical and pharmacologic outcomes from ZUMA-5.

Methods: Adult patients with R/R FL or MZL after ≥2 lines of therapy (including an anti-CD20 mAb plus an alkylating agent) underwent leukapheresis and conditioning chemotherapy followed by a single axi-cel infusion at 2×106 CAR T cells/kg. The primary endpoint was centrally assessed ORR per Lugano classification. The updated efficacy analysis occurred when ≥80 consecutively treated patients with FL had ≥2 years of follow-up post-infusion and included patients with MZL who had ≥4 weeks of follow-up post-infusion.

Results: As of March 31, 2021, 149 patients with iNHL (124 FL; 25 MZL) were treated with axi-cel. Of those, 110 patients (86 FL; 24 MZL) were eligible for efficacy analyses. Among eligible patients with FL, median follow-up was 30.9 months (range, 24.7–44.3). Centrally assessed ORR was 94% in patients with FL (79% CR rate). At data cutoff, 57% of eligible patients with FL had ongoing responses; 68% of patients who achieved a CR had ongoing responses. The estimated duration of response (DOR) and progression-free survival (PFS) medians were 38.6 months and 39.6 months in patients with FL, respectively. Among patients with FL who progressed <2 years after initial chemoimmunotherapy (POD24; n=49), median DOR was 38.6 months, while median DOR was not reached for those without POD24 (n=29). Median PFS in patients with FL and POD24 was 39.6 months, whereas median PFS was not reached in those without POD24. Median time to next treatment (TTNT) was 39.6 months in all eligible patients with FL. Median overall survival (OS) was not reached, with an estimated OS rate at 24 months of 81%.

Among eligible patients with MZL, median follow-up was 23.8 months (range, 7.4–39.4). The ORR was 83% in patients with MZL (63% CR rate), with 50% of eligible patients in ongoing response and 73% of patients with a CR in ongoing response at data cutoff. Medians for DOR and TTNT were not reached in patients with MZL; 24-month rates were not estimable and 51%, respectively. Median PFS was 17.3 months in patients with MZL and median OS was not reached (70% OS rate at 24 months).

Common Grade ≥3 AEs in all treated patients with iNHL were consistent with prior reporting: neutropenia (33%), decreased neutrophil count (28%), and anemia (25%). Grade ≥3 cytopenias present ≥30 days post-infusion were reported in 34% of patients with iNHL (33% FL; 36% MZL). Consistent with previous reports, Grade ≥3 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurologic events (NEs) occurred in 7% of patients (6% FL; 8% MZL) and 19% of patients (15% FL; 36% MZL), respectively. Most CRS cases (120/121) and NEs (82/87) of any grade resolved by data cutoff.

Among patients with FL who had evaluable samples, 76% (65/86) had detectable CAR gene-marked cells at low levels by 12 months post-infusion; 53% (23/43) had detectable cells 24 months post-infusion. Among evaluable patients with MZL, 67% (8/12) had detectable CAR gene-marked cells 12 months post-infusion; 60% (3/5) had detectable cells 24 months post-infusion. B-cell reconstitution was detectable in 59% of evaluable patients with FL (49/83) and 42% of those with MZL (5/12) by 12 months post-infusion. By 24 months, B cells were detectable in 61% of evaluable patients with FL (25/41) and 50% of those with MZL (2/4).

Conclusions: With long-term follow-up in ZUMA-5, axi-cel demonstrated substantial and continued benefit in patients with iNHL. In FL, high response rates translated to durability, with a median DOR of 38.6 months and 57% of eligible patients in ongoing response at data cutoff. In MZL, efficacy outcomes appeared to improve with longer follow-up, with the median DOR and OS not yet reached. Axi-cel maintained a manageable safety profile, with no new safety signals.

Disclosures: Neelapu: Kite, a Gilead Company, Merck, Bristol Myers Squibb, Novartis, Celgene, Pfizer, Allogene Therapeutics, Cell Medica/Kuur, Incyte, Precision Biosciences, Legend Biotech, Adicet Bio, Calibr, Unum Therapeutics and Bluebird Bio: Honoraria; Takeda Pharmaceuticals and related to cell therapy: Patents & Royalties; Kite, a Gilead Company, Bristol Myers Squibb, Merck, Poseida, Cellectis, Celgene, Karus Therapeutics, Unum Therapeutics (Cogent Biosciences), Allogene, Precision BioSciences, Acerta and Adicet Bio: Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company, Merck, Bristol Myers Squibb, Novartis, Celgene, Pfizer, Allogene, Kuur, Incyte, Precision BioSciences, Legend, Adicet Bio, Calibr, and Unum Therapeutics: Other: personal fees. Chavez: Merk: Research Funding; MorphoSys, Bayer, Karyopharm, Kite, a Gilead Company, Novartis, Janssen, AbbVie, TeneoBio, and Pfizer: Consultancy; MorphoSys, AstraZeneca, BeiGene, Genentech, Kite, a Gilead Company, and Epizyme: Speakers Bureau; AstraZeneca: Research Funding; ADC Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding; BMS: Speakers Bureau. Sehgal: Juno/Celgene: Research Funding; Kite/Gilead: Research Funding. Epperla: Verastem: Speakers Bureau; Beigene: Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm: Other: Ad Board; Genzyme: Honoraria. Bachy: Novartis: Honoraria; Daiishi: Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy; Kite, a Gilead Company: Honoraria. Munshi: Kite, a Gilead Company, and Incyte: Honoraria; Kite, a Gilead Company, and Incyte: Speakers Bureau. Casulo: Genentech: Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding; Verastem: Research Funding; Gilead: Research Funding. Maloney: Kite, a Gilead Company, Juno, and Celgene: Research Funding; A2 Biotherapeutics: Consultancy; BioLineRx, Juno, Celgene, Kite, a Gilead Company, Gilead, Novartis, and Pharmacyclics: Honoraria; A2 Biotherapeutics: Divested equity in a private or publicly-traded company in the past 24 months; Juno: Patents & Royalties. Reshef: Bayer: Consultancy; BMS, Regeneron, TScan, Synthekine, Atara, Jasper, Bayer: Consultancy; ilead, BMS, Precision, Immatics, Atara, Takeda, Shire, Pharmacyclics, Incyte: Research Funding; Gilead and Novartis: Honoraria. Leslie: Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Merck: Consultancy; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Epizyme: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Celgene/BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; BeiGene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; PCYC/Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Seagen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; ADC Therapeutics: Consultancy. Oluwole: Pfizer: Consultancy; Curio Science: Consultancy; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy. Yakoub-Agha: Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria. Rosenblatt: Synergys: Patents & Royalties; BioGraph 55: Research Funding. Sherman: Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment; Gilead: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Dong: Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment; Gilead: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; GliaCure/Tufts: Consultancy, Patents & Royalties. Giovanetti: Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Yang: Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment. Lui: Gilead Sciences: Other: stock or other ownership; Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment, Other: travel support. Bashir: Kite, a Gilead Company: Ended employment in the past 24 months; OmniacPharmConsult Ltd: Other: stock or other ownership. Jung: Amgen, Kura, Gilead, and Turning Point: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment. Jacobson: Lonza: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support; AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria; Nkarta: Consultancy, Honoraria; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support; Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support, Research Funding; Precision Biosciences: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support; Humanigen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support; Axis: Speakers Bureau; Clinical Care Options: Speakers Bureau.

*signifies non-member of ASH