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162 Iberdomide (IBER) in Combination with Dexamethasone (DEX) in Patients (pts) with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma (RRMM): Results from the Dose-Expansion Phase of the CC-220-MM-001 Trial

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 653. Myeloma and Plasma Cell Dyscrasias: Clinical-Prospective Therapeutic Trials: Novel Targets and Amyloid
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Biological therapies, Workforce, Plasma Cell Disorders, Diseases, Therapies, Immunotherapy, Lymphoid Malignancies
Saturday, December 11, 2021: 1:15 PM

Sagar Lonial, MD, FACP1, Rakesh Popat, MBBS, FRCPath, PhD2*, Cyrille Hulin3*, Sundar Jagannath, MD4*, Albert Oriol5*, Paul G. Richardson, MD6, Thierry Facon7*, Katja Weisel8*, Jeremy T. Larsen9, Monique C. Minnema, MD10, Al-Ola Abdallah, MD11, Ashraf Z. Badros, MD12, Stefan Knop13*, Edward A. Stadtmauer14*, Min Chen15*, Tuong Vi Nguyen15*, Alpesh Amin15*, Elisabeth Kueenburg16*, Teresa Peluso16* and Niels W.C.J. van de Donk17

1Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
2NIHR UCLH Clinical Research Facility, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
3Service d'Hématologie Hôpital Haut-Lévêque, CHU Bordeaux, Pessac, France
4The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY
5Catalan Institute of Oncology and Josep Carreras Institute, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain
6Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA
7Service des Maladies du Sang, CHRU de Lille - Hôpital Claude Huriez, Lille, France
8University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
9Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix, AZ
10University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
11University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS
12Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
13Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik II, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany
14University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
15Bristol Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ
16Celgene International Sàrl, a Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Boudry, Switzerland
17Amsterdam University Medical Center, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Hematology, Cancer Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Introduction: Despite recent advances, MM remains incurable and new therapeutic options are needed, particularly for pts with RRMM. IBER is a novel, potent oral cereblon E3 ligase modulator (CELMoD®) compound with enhanced tumoricidal and immune-stimulatory effects compared with immunomodulatory (IMiD®) agents. Preclinically, IBER demonstrated marked synergy with DEX and with other standard myeloma treatments. CC-220-MM-001 (NCT02773030) is an ongoing phase 1/2 study evaluating IBER with different treatment combinations in independent cohorts of pts with RRMM; in phase 1, the recommended phase 2 dose of IBER, when given in combination with DEX, was determined at 1.6 mg (Lonial S, et al. Blood 2019;134[suppl 1]:3119). Here we report results from the dose expansion of IBER + DEX in pts with heavily pretreated, triple-class exposed (including ≥ 1 IMiD agent, ≥ 1 proteasome inhibitor [PI], and ≥ 1 anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody [mAb]) RRMM.

Methods: Eligible pts had RRMM; had received ≥ 3 prior lines of therapy, including lenalidomide (LEN), pomalidomide (POM), a PI, a glucocorticoid, and an anti-CD38 mAb; had experienced disease progression within 60 days of last myeloma therapy; and were refractory to an IMiD agent, a PI, a glucocorticoid, and an anti-CD38 mAb. Pts with central nervous system involvement were not eligible. Pts who had received prior anti-BCMA therapy were excluded, but included in a supportive cohort for safety and preliminary efficacy assessment. IBER (1.6 mg) was given orally on days (D) 1–21, in combination with DEX (40 mg; 20 mg if > 75 years of age) on D1, 8, 15, and 22 of each 28-day cycle. Thrombo-embolism prophylaxis was mandatory for all pts. Primary objective was to determine efficacy expressed as overall response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints included additional efficacy and safety assessments. Exploratory endpoints included evaluation of health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

Results: As of June 2, 2021, 107 pts had received IBER + DEX. Median age was 64 (44–83) years; median time since initial diagnosis was 6.9 (1.6–24.5) years. Extramedullary plasmacytomas were present in 25.2% of pts; 29.9% of pts had high-risk cytogenetics. Median number of prior regimens was 6 (3–23). All pts were triple-class exposed; prior therapies included autologous stem cell transplantation (78.5%), PIs (100%), IMiD agents (LEN [100%] and POM [100%]), and anti-CD38 mAbs (100%); 99.1% of pts were refractory to last myeloma regimen and 97.2% of pts were triple-class refractory. Median follow-up was 7.69 (0.5–17.5) months, with a median number of 4 (1–17) cycles received and 13 (12.1%) pts continuing treatment. Main reason for discontinuation was progressive disease (69.2%).

ORR was 26.2%, with 1 (0.9%) stringent complete response, 8 (7.5%) very good partial responses, and 19 (17.8%) partial responses (Table); the clinical benefit rate (≥ minimal response) was 36.4% and disease control rate (≥ stable disease) was 79.4%. Median duration of response was 7.0 (4.5–11.3) months (Table), median progression-free survival was 3.0 (2.8–3.7) months, and median overall survival was 11.2 (9.0–not reached) months. Similar response rates were observed among a cohort of pts also exposed to BCMA therapies (N = 24, Table).

Grade (Gr) 3–4 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported in 88 (82.2%) pts. Most frequent (≥ 20% pts) hematologic Gr 3–4 TEAEs were neutropenia (44.9%; and 4.7% febrile neutropenia), anemia (28.0%), thrombocytopenia (21.5%), and leukopenia (20.6%). Gr 3–4 infections were reported in 27.1% of pts; Gr 3–4 pneumonia and COVID-19 occurred in 10.3% and 4.7% of pts, respectively. Occurrence of other Gr 3–4 non-hematologic TEAEs was generally low, including gastrointestinal disorders (5.6%), fatigue (2.8%), rash (1.9%). Fifty-six (52.3%) pts and 20 (18.7%) had IBER dose interruptions and reductions due to TEAEs, respectively. Five (4.7%) pts discontinued due to TEAEs. No pt discontinued IBER due to neutropenia.

Overall, HRQoL was maintained in these pts.

Conclusions: IBER + DEX demonstrated promising efficacy in pts with heavily pretreated, triple-class exposed and refractory RRMM, as well as in pts who had previously received anti-BCMA therapy; this combination was generally well tolerated and TEAEs were manageable with dose reductions and interruptions. These results support the further development of IBER in MM, including phase 3 trials in combination regimens.

Disclosures: Lonial: Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria; AMGEN: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; TG Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Merck: Honoraria; BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Popat: GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Abbvie, Takeda, Janssen, and Celgene: Consultancy; Takeda: Honoraria, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES; AbbVie, BMS, Janssen, Oncopeptides, and Amgen: Honoraria; Janssen and BMS: Other: travel expenses. Hulin: Sanofi: Honoraria; Celgene/BMS: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; abbvie: Honoraria. Jagannath: Legend Biotech: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Consultancy; Janssen Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy. Oriol: Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GSK: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Richardson: Karyopharm: Consultancy, Research Funding; Regeneron: Consultancy; AbbVie: Consultancy; Celgene/BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding; Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy; Protocol Intelligence: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Secura Bio: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding. Weisel: Adaptive Biotechnologies: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Roche: Honoraria; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; GSK: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy; Novartis: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria. Minnema: BMS: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria; Alnylam: Consultancy; Celgene: Other: Travel expenses; Kite/Gilead: Consultancy. Badros: J&J: Research Funding; Janssen: Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Research Funding. Knop: BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy; Oncopeptides: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy. Stadtmauer: Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Chen: Bristol Myers Squibb: Current Employment. Nguyen: Bristol Myers Squibb: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Amin: Bristol Myers Squibb: Current Employment. Kueenburg: Celgene a BMS company: Current Employment. Peluso: Celgene, a Bristol-Myers Squibb Company: Current Employment. van de Donk: BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Cellectis: Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy; Roche: Consultancy; Novartis /bayer/servier: Consultancy.

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