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744 Brexucabtagene Autoleucel for Relapsed/Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma: Real World Experience from the US Lymphoma CAR T Consortium

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 704. Cellular Immunotherapies: Cellular Therapies for Low and High Grade Lymphomas
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Lymphomas, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Clinical Research, B Cell Lymphoma, Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR)-T Cell Therapies, Diseases, Real World Evidence, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies
Monday, December 13, 2021: 4:00 PM

Yucai Wang, MD, PhD1, Preetesh Jain, MBBS, MD, DM, PhD2, Frederick L. Locke, MD3, Javier Munoz, MD, MS, MBA, FACP4, Matthew J. Maurer, MS, DMSc5, Amer Beitinjaneh, MD, MPH, MSc6*, Matthew J. Frank, MD, PhD7, Saurabh Dahiya, MD8, Joseph P. McGuirk, DO9, Miriam T. Jacobs, MD10, Andre H. Goy, MD11*, Julie M. Vose, MD, MBA12, Brian T. Hill, MD13, Olalekan O. Oluwole, MBBS, MPH14, Abhinav Deol15, Bijal D. Shah, MD16, Jonas Paludo, MD1, Trent Wang, DO, MPH6, Lazaros J. Lekakis, MD6*, David B. Miklos, MD, PhD7, Aaron P. Rapoport, MD8, Armin Ghobadi, MD10, Sattva S. Neelapu, MD2, Yi Lin1, Michael Wang, MD2 and Michael D. Jain, MD, PhD3

1Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
2Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
3Department of Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL
4Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ
5Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
6Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL
7Division of Blood and Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy, Stanford University Hospital, Stanford, CA
8University of Maryland Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD
9Division of Hematologic Malignancies and Cellular Therapeutics, The University of Kansas Cancer Center, Westwoon, KS
10Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO
11Division of Lymphoma, John Theurer Cancer Center, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, NJ
12Division of Hematology & Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center- Fred and Pamela Buffett Cancer Center, Omaha, NE
13Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH
14Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN
15Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
16Department of Malignant Hematology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL

Introduction: Brexucabtagene autoleucel (brexu-cel) was approved by US FDA for relapsed/refractory (R/R) mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) on July 24, 2020 based on results from the pivotal ZUMA-2 (NCT02601313) study, in which an objective response rate (ORR) of 93% and a complete response (CR) rate of 67% were achieved among the 60 treated patients with at least 7 months of follow-up. The study had stringent eligibility criteria, including prior treatment with a BTK inhibitor (BTKi), and only allowed BTKi and/or corticosteroid for bridging therapy. We report here the safety and efficacy of brexu-cel in standard of care practice among centers in the US Lymphoma CAR-T Consortium.

Methods: Fourteen centers participated in this retrospective study. Patients who underwent leukapheresis by 6/15/2021 with an intent to manufacture brexu-cel were included. Baseline clinical characteristics, bridging therapy, adverse events after brexu-cel infusion, and post-infusion outcome data were collected. Eligibility for ZUMA-2 was retrospectively determined based on characteristics at the time of leukapheresis. Duration of response (time from initial response to disease progression or death from any cause), progression-free survival (PFS; time from infusion to disease progression or death from any cause) and overall survival (OS; time from infusion to death from any cause) were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method.

Results: At the data cut-off date of 7/9/2021, 107 patients underwent leukapheresis, among whom 93 (87%) completed brexu-cel infusion, 2 (2%) were waiting for infusion, and 12 (11%) did not receive infusion (manufacture failure n=6, organ dysfunction n=1, death n=5).

Baseline clinical characteristics of the 93 infused patients are shown in Table 1. The median age was 67 years and 81% were male. 32% had high risk simplified MIPI, 77% had Ki-67≥30%, 45% had blastoid or pleomorphic variant, 46% had TP53 alteration, 29% had complex karyotype, and 7% had CNS involvement. The median number of prior lines of therapy was 3. Eighty-two percent had prior BTKi treatment, and 44% had refractory disease to the last line of therapy. Sixty-eight (73%) patients would not have met ZUMA-2 eligibility criteria. Reasons for ineligibility included ECOG PS ≥2 (n=8), CNS involvement by lymphoma (n=6), prior therapies (n=33), cytopenia (n=11), renal or hepatic dysfunction (n=13), other medical conditions (n=18), and active infection (n=2).

Sixty (65%) of the 93 patients received bridging therapy, which included BTKi (n=27), venetoclax (n=14), chemotherapy (n=19), CD20 antibody (n=26), lenalidomide (n=3), corticosteroid (n=9), and radiotherapy (n=13). Only 13 (14%) patients received BTKi or corticosteroid alone as in ZUMA-2.

Among 93 infused patients, cytokine release syndrome (CRS) rate was 88% (8% grade ≥3), and immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) rate was 58% (33% grade ≥3). No grade 5 CRS or ICANS occurred. Medications used to manage CRS and ICANS were 71 (76%) for tocilizumab, 64 (69%) for steroid, and 16 (17%) for anakinra. Twenty-four (26%) patients required ICU admission, 9 patients required vasopressors, and 4 patients required mechanical ventilation.

With a median follow-up of 3.0 months (range 0.1-9.6), day 30 response was evaluable in 81 patients, and the ORR was 86%, with 64% CR (Table 2). The ORR/CR rates were 94%/70% for blastoid or pleomorphic variants, 82%/50% for TP53 altered, 84%/61% for BTKi-exposed, 94%/76% for BTKi-naïve, and 88%/67% for those not meeting ZUMA-2 eligibility criteria. The ORR/CR rates were 87%/69% for patients who received bridging therapy and 85%/56% for those who did not. For patients who achieved a response at day 30, the rate of continued response at 3-month was 83.7% (95% CI 68.3%-92.0%). The 3-month PFS rate was 80.6% (95% CI 68.6%-88.4%), and the 6-month OS rate was 82.1% (95% CI 67.7%-90.5%).

Conclusions: This multicenter retrospective study demonstrated encouraging safety and efficacy data of brexu-cel in R/R MCL in the real world practice. The CRS and ICANS incidences were comparable to those reported in ZUMA-2, but use of tocilizumab and steroid was more frequent than in ZUMA-2. Although 73% of the patients would have been ineligible for ZUMA-2, the ORR and CR rate were comparable to those reported in ZUMA-2. Longer follow-up is necessary to confirm long term safety and efficacy.

YW, PJ and FLL are co-first authors, and YL, MW and MDJ are co-senior authors.

Disclosures: Wang: Novartis: Research Funding; TG Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Incyte: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Genentech: Research Funding; Eli Lilly: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; InnoCare: Research Funding; LOXO Oncology: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; MorphoSys: Research Funding. Jain: Kite: Consultancy; Lilly: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Locke: Gerson Lehrman Group: Consultancy; Emerging Therapy Solutions: Consultancy; EcoR1: Consultancy; Cowen: Consultancy; GammaDelta Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: Scientific Advisory Role; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Other: Scientific Advisory Role, Research Funding; Umoja: Consultancy, Other; Janssen: Consultancy, Other: Scientific Advisory Role; Wugen: Consultancy, Other; Legend Biotech: Consultancy, Other; Takeda: Consultancy, Other; Novartis: Consultancy, Other, Research Funding; Moffitt Cancer Center: Patents & Royalties: field of cellular immunotherapy; Iovance Biotherapeutics: Consultancy, Other: Scientific Advisory Role; Calibr: Consultancy, Other: Scientific Advisory Role; Cellular Biomedicine Group: Consultancy, Other: Scientific Advisory Role; BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Other: Scientific Advisory Role; Bluebird Bio: Consultancy, Other: Scientific Advisory Role; Amgen: Consultancy, Other: Scientific Advisory Role; Allogene Therapeutics: Consultancy, Other: Scientific Advisory Role, Research Funding. Munoz: Bayer, Gilead/Kite Pharma, Celgene, Merck, Portola, Incyte, Genentech, Pharmacyclics, Seattle Genetics, Janssen, and Millennium: Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company, Kyowa, Bayer, Pharmacyclics/Janssen, Seagen, Acrotech/Aurobindo, Beigene, Verastem, AstraZeneca, Celgene/BMS, Genentech/Roche.: Speakers Bureau; Targeted Oncology, OncView, Kyowa Kirin, Physicians' Education Resource, and Seagen: Honoraria; Pharmacyclics/Abbvie, Bayer, Kite, a Gilead Company, Pfizer, Janssen, Juno/Celgene, Bristol Myers Squibb, Kyowa Kirin, Alexion, Fosun Kite, Innovent, Seagen, BeiGene, Debiopharm, Epizyme, Karyopharm, ADC Therapeutics, Servier, and Genmab: Consultancy, Other: advisory role; Alexion, AstraZeneca Rare Disease: Other: Study investigator. Maurer: BMS: Research Funding; Genentech: Research Funding; Morphosys: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Kite Pharma: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Nanostring: Research Funding. Beitinjaneh: Kite/Gilead: Other: Ad Board Event Attendee. Frank: Allogene Therapeutics: Research Funding; Kite-Gilead: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Research Funding. Dahiya: Miltenyi Biotech: Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Atara Biotherapeutics: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy. McGuirk: Novartis: Research Funding; Allovir: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Fresenius Biotech: Research Funding; EcoR1 Capital: Consultancy; Astelllas Pharma: Research Funding; Kite/ Gilead: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: travel accommodations, expense, Kite a Gilead company, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Gamida Cell: Research Funding; Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Research Funding; Pluristem Therapeutics: Research Funding; Magenta Therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Bellicum Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding. Goy: Vincerx pharma: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Michael J Hennessey Associates INC: Consultancy; Elsevier's Practice Update Oncology, Intellisphere, LLC(Targeted Oncology): Consultancy; Phamacyclics: Research Funding; Vincerx: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Rosewell Park: Consultancy; Kite Pharma: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie/Pharmacyclics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Gilead: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Research Funding; Incyte: Honoraria; Hoffman la Roche: Consultancy; LLC(Targeted Oncology): Consultancy; Xcenda: Consultancy, Honoraria; OncLive Peer Exchange: Honoraria; Infinity/Verastem: Research Funding; Genentech/Hoffman la Roche: Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Medscape: Consultancy; Xcenda: Consultancy; Bristol Meyers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Acerta: Consultancy, Research Funding; Bristol Meyers Squibb: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; AbbVie/Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Elsevier PracticeUpdate: Oncology: Consultancy, Honoraria; AstraZeneca: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Genomic Testing Cooperative: Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Leadership role; Physicians' Education Resource: Consultancy, Other: Meeting/travel support; MorphoSys: Honoraria, Other; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Constellation: Research Funding; COTA (Cancer Outcome Tracking Analysis): Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Leadership role; Hackensack Meridian Health, Regional Cancer Care Associates/OMI: Current Employment. Vose: Kite, a Gilead Company: Honoraria, Research Funding. Hill: Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel Support, Research Funding; Celgene (BMS): Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria; Gentenech: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Beigene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Incyte/Morphysis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; AstraZenica: Consultancy, Honoraria; Epizyme: Consultancy, Honoraria. Oluwole: Pfizer: Consultancy; Curio Science: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Research Funding. Deol: Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy. Shah: Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding; Pfizer: Consultancy, Other: Expenses; Novartis: Consultancy, Other: Expenses; Bristol-Myers Squibb/Celgene: Consultancy, Other: Expenses; BeiGene: Consultancy, Honoraria; Amgen: Consultancy; Precision Biosciences: Consultancy; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Expenses, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics/Janssen: Honoraria, Other: Expenses; Acrotech/Spectrum: Honoraria; Servier Genetics: Other; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Consultancy. Paludo: Karyopharm: Research Funding. Miklos: Pharmacyclics: Patents & Royalties; Adaptive Biotechnologies, Novartis, Juno/Celgene-BMS, Kite, a Gilead Company, Pharmacyclics-AbbVie, Janssen, Pharmacyclics, AlloGene, Precision Bioscience, Miltenyi Biotech, Adicet, Takeda: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pharmacyclics, Amgen, Kite, a Gilead Company, Novartis, Roche, Genentech, Becton Dickinson, Isoplexis, Miltenyi, Juno-Celgene-Bristol Myers Squibb, Allogene, Precision Biosciences, Adicet, Adaptive Biotechnologies: Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company, Amgen, Atara, Wugen, Celgene, Novartis, Juno-Celgene-Bristol Myers Squibb, Allogene, Precision Bioscience, Adicet, Pharmacyclics, Janssen, Takeda, Adaptive Biotechnologies and Miltenyi Biotechnologies: Consultancy. Ghobadi: Wugen: Consultancy; Atara: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Neelapu: Kite, a Gilead Company, Merck, Bristol Myers Squibb, Novartis, Celgene, Pfizer, Allogene Therapeutics, Cell Medica/Kuur, Incyte, Precision Biosciences, Legend Biotech, Adicet Bio, Calibr, Unum Therapeutics and Bluebird Bio: Honoraria; Takeda Pharmaceuticals and related to cell therapy: Patents & Royalties; Kite, a Gilead Company, Merck, Bristol Myers Squibb, Novartis, Celgene, Pfizer, Allogene, Kuur, Incyte, Precision BioSciences, Legend, Adicet Bio, Calibr, and Unum Therapeutics: Other: personal fees; Kite, a Gilead Company, Bristol Myers Squibb, Merck, Poseida, Cellectis, Celgene, Karus Therapeutics, Unum Therapeutics (Cogent Biosciences), Allogene, Precision BioSciences, Acerta and Adicet Bio: Research Funding. Lin: Legend: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; Gamida Cell: Consultancy; Vineti: Consultancy; Bluebird Bio: Consultancy, Research Funding; Sorrento: Consultancy; Takeda: Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Research Funding; Juno: Consultancy; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Research Funding. Wang: Moffit Cancer Center: Honoraria; Chinese Medical Association: Honoraria; InnoCare: Consultancy, Research Funding; Epizyme: Consultancy, Honoraria; Hebei Cancer Prevention Federation: Honoraria; Newbridge Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria; Genentech: Consultancy; OMI: Honoraria; Physicians Education Resources (PER): Honoraria; Clinical Care Options: Honoraria; CAHON: Honoraria; VelosBio: Consultancy, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Research Funding; CStone: Consultancy; Loxo Oncology: Consultancy, Research Funding; BioInvent: Research Funding; Juno: Consultancy, Research Funding; DTRM Biopharma (Cayman) Limited: Consultancy; BGICS: Honoraria; Bayer Healthcare: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Kite Pharma: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Molecular Templates: Research Funding; Imedex: Honoraria; Miltenyi Biomedicine GmbH: Consultancy, Honoraria; Dava Oncology: Honoraria; Oncternal: Consultancy, Research Funding; Lilly: Research Funding; Celgene: Research Funding; Anticancer Association: Honoraria; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; The First Afflicted Hospital of Zhejiang University: Honoraria; BeiGene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Scripps: Honoraria; Mumbai Hematology Group: Honoraria; Acerta Pharma: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Jain: BMS, Kite/Gilead, Novartis, Precision Biosciences, Takeda: Consultancy.

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