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1646 Efficacy of Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone in Transplant-Ineligible Patients with Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma and Impaired Renal Function from the Phase 3 Maia Study Based on Lenalidomide Starting Dose

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 653. Myeloma and Plasma Cell Dyscrasias: Clinical-Prospective Therapeutic Trials: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Adults, Clinical Trials, Biological, Plasma Cell Disorders, Clinical Research, Diseases, Therapies, Lymphoid Malignancies, Monoclonal Antibody Therapy, Study Population
Saturday, December 11, 2021, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Saad Z. Usmani, MD MBA FACP1, Shaji K Kumar, MD2, Torben Plesner, MD3, Robert Z. Orlowski4, Philippe Moreau, MD, PhD5*, Nizar J. Bahlis, MD6, Supratik Basu7*, Hareth Nahi8*, Cyrille Hulin9*, Hang Quach, FRACP, FRCPA10, Hartmut Goldschmidt11, Michael E. O'Dwyer, MD12, Aurore Perrot13*, Chris P. Venner14, Katja Weisel15*, Joseph R. Mace16*, Noopur S. Raje, MD17, Mourad Tiab18*, Margaret Macro19*, Laurent Frenzel20*, Xavier Leleu, MD21, Huiling Pei, PhD22*, Rian Van Rampelbergh23*, Brenda Tromp24, Maria Delioukina25* and Thierry Facon26*

1Levine Cancer Institute, New York, NY
2Department of Hematology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN
3Vejle Hospital and University of Southern Denmark, Vejle, Denmark
4Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
5Hematology, University Hospital Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, France
6Arnie Charbonneau Cancer Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
7The Royal Wolverhampton Hospitals NHS Trust and University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
8Karolinska University Hospital at Huddinge, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
9Department of Hematology, Hôpital Haut Lévêque, University Hospital, Pessac, France
10University of Melbourne, St. Vincent’s Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
11University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
12Department of Medicine/Haematology, NUI, Galway, Ireland
13CHU de Toulouse, IUCT-O, Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
14University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
15Department of Oncology, Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation with Section of Pneumology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
16Florida Cancer Specialists, St. Petersburg, FL
17Center for Multiple Myeloma, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
18CHD Vendée, La Roche sur Yon, France
19Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Caen, Caen, France
20Department of Clinical Haematology, Hopital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France
21CHU Poitiers, Hôpital la Milétrie, Poitiers, France
22Janssen Research & Development, LLC, Titusville, NJ
23Janssen Research & Development, Beerse, Belgium
24Janssen Research & Development, Leiden, Netherlands
25Janssen Research & Development, LLC, Spring House, PA
26University of Lille, CHU Lille, Lille, France

Introduction: The phase 3 MAIA study (NCT02252172) evaluated the addition of daratumumab (D) to lenalidomide and dexamethasone (Rd) in patients (pts) with transplant-ineligible newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). At a median follow-up of 56.2 months, D-Rd prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) versus Rd alone, despite almost half of the pts in the Rd arm who received subsequent therapy receiving a daratumumab-containing regimen as any subsequent line of therapy (Facon T, et al. Presented at: European Hematology Association 2021 Virtual Congress. Abstract LB1901). Approximately 20% to 50% of pts with MM have baseline renal impairment that can affect the choice and efficacy of therapy (Dimopoulos MA, et al. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2016;34[13]:1544-1557). Here, we report results from MAIA for D-Rd vs Rd in pts with impaired renal function based on lenalidomide starting dose at a median follow-up of 56.2 months.

Methods: Pts with NDMM ineligible for high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem-cell transplantation due to age ≥65 years or comorbidities were randomized 1:1 to receive D-Rd or Rd. Pts in both arms received 28-day cycles of oral Rd (R: 25 mg [10 mg recommended if creatinine clearance (CrCl) was 30-50 mL/min] on Days 1-21; d: 40 mg [20 mg if aged >75 years or body-mass index <18.5 kg/m2] on Days 1, 8, 15, 22). Pts in the D-Rd arm also received intravenous D (16 mg/kg once weekly for Cycles 1-2, once every 2 weeks for Cycles 3-6, and once every 4 weeks thereafter). Pts in both arms were treated until disease progression or unacceptable safety events. The primary endpoint was PFS, and a secondary endpoint was OS. Renal impairment was defined as a baseline CrCl of ≤60 mL/min.

Results: 737 pts were randomized (D-Rd, n=368; Rd, n=369); 162 (44%) pts in the D-Rd arm and 142 (38%) pts in the Rd arm had renal impairment as defined. At a median follow-up of 56.2 months, in pts with renal impairment who received a lenalidomide starting dose of 25 mg (25 mg subgroup; D-Rd, n=60 [37%]; Rd, n=62 [44%]), a PFS and OS advantage was observed with D-Rd versus Rd (Table). In pts with renal impairment who received a lenalidomide starting dose of <25 mg (<25 mg subgroup; D-Rd, n=98 [60%]; Rd, n=75 [53%]), median PFS and OS were prolonged with D-Rd versus Rd (Table). Among pts in the 25 mg subgroup who died (D-Rd, n=12; Rd, n=29), disease progression was the primary cause of death in 6 (50%) pts in the D-Rd arm and 10 (34%) pts in the Rd arm. Among pts in the <25 mg subgroup who died (D-Rd, n=44; Rd, n=37), disease progression was the primary cause of death in 16 (36%) pts in the D-Rd arm and 11 (30%) pts in the Rd arm.

Conclusion: After ~5 years of follow-up, D-Rd showed a PFS improvement versus Rd in transplant-ineligible pts with NDMM and renal impairment regardless of lenalidomide starting dose. An OS advantage for D-Rd versus Rd was observed in pts with renal impairment who received a lenalidomide starting dose of 25 mg; in pts with renal impairment who received a lenalidomide starting dose of <25 mg, median OS was prolonged for D-Rd versus Rd, but the OS benefit was less pronounced. Overall, among pts with renal impairment, PFS and OS benefits of D-Rd versus Rd were observed regardless of lenalidomide starting dose; however, dose recommendations per the lenalidomide prescribing information should be followed. Many transplant-ineligible pts with NDMM may not receive a second line of therapy; our results support the frontline use of D-Rd to provide prolonged disease control in transplant-ineligible pts with NDMM and renal impairment.

Disclosures: Usmani: Abbvie: Consultancy; Array BioPharma: Consultancy, Research Funding; Celgene/BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; GSK: Consultancy, Research Funding; EdoPharma: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Sanofi: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Merck: Consultancy, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Research Funding; SkylineDX: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Janssen Oncology: Consultancy, Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau. Kumar: Tenebio: Research Funding; Antengene: Consultancy, Honoraria; Abbvie: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Carsgen: Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding; Beigene: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Oncopeptides: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding; KITE: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Astra-Zeneca: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Novartis: Research Funding; Roche-Genentech: Consultancy, Research Funding; Bluebird Bio: Consultancy; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Adaptive: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Sanofi: Research Funding. Plesner: CSL Behring: Other: Advisor; Genentech: Other: Advisor, Research Funding; Oncopeptides: Other: Advisor, Research Funding; Takeda: Research Funding; Celgene: Other: Advisor, Research Funding; AbbVie: Other: Advisor, Research Funding; Janssen: Other: Advisor, Research Funding; Genmab: Research Funding. Orlowski: Amgen, Inc., BioTheryX, Inc., Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene, EcoR1 Capital LLC, Genzyme, GSK Biologicals, Janssen Biotech, Karyopharm Therapeutics, Inc., Neoleukin Corporation, Oncopeptides AB, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Sanofi-Aventis, and Takeda P: Consultancy, Honoraria; CARsgen Therapeutics, Celgene, Exelixis, Janssen Biotech, Sanofi-Aventis, Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.: Other: Clinical research funding; Asylia Therapeutics, Inc., BioTheryX, Inc., and Heidelberg Pharma, AG.: Other: Laboratory research funding; Asylia Therapeutics, Inc.: Current holder of individual stocks in a privately-held company, Patents & Royalties; Amgen, Inc., BioTheryX, Inc., Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene, Forma Therapeutics, Genzyme, GSK Biologicals, Janssen Biotech, Juno Therapeutics, Karyopharm Therapeutics, Inc., Kite Pharma, Neoleukin Corporation, Oncopeptides AB, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, I: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Moreau: Abbvie: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Celgene BMS: Honoraria; Oncopeptides: Honoraria. Bahlis: Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria; BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria; Genentech: Consultancy; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Honoraria; Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria. Nahi: XNK Therapeutics AB: Consultancy. Hulin: Janssen: Honoraria; Celgene/BMS: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; abbvie: Honoraria. Quach: GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Janssen/Cilag: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; CSL: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Antengene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Goldschmidt: Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Grants and/or Provision of Investigational Medicinal Product, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria, Research Funding; Dietmar-Hopp-Foundation: Other: Grant; Mundipharma: Research Funding; MSD: Research Funding; Molecular Partners: Research Funding; Johns Hopkins University: Other: Grant; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Grants and/or Provision of Investigational Medicinal Product, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Grants and/or Provision of Investigational Medicinal Product, Research Funding; BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Grants and/or Provision of Investigational Medicinal Product, Research Funding; Chugai: Honoraria, Other: Grants and/or Provision of Investigational Medicinal Product, Research Funding; GSK: Honoraria; Incyte: Research Funding; Adaptive Biotechnology: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Grants and/or Provision of Investigational Medicinal Product, Research Funding. O'Dwyer: ONK Therapeutics: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy. Perrot: Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Sanofi: Honoraria, Research Funding; GSK: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS Celgene: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Honoraria. Venner: Janssen: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Celgene: Research Funding; Pfizer: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; BMS: Honoraria; Amgen: Research Funding. Weisel: Novartis: Honoraria; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Consultancy; Roche: Honoraria; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GSK: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Pfizer: Honoraria. Raje: Celgene, Amgen, Bluebird Bio, Janssen, Caribou, and BMS: Other. Macro: Janssen: Honoraria, Other: Travel accomodation, Research Funding; GSK: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Celgen/BMS: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria, Other: Travel accomodation, Research Funding. Leleu: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria; Carsgen Therapeutics Ltd: Honoraria; Celgene: Honoraria; Gilead Sciences: Honoraria; Janssen-Cilag: Honoraria; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Honoraria; Merck: Honoraria; Mundipharma: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria; Oncopeptides: Honoraria; Pierre Fabre: Honoraria; Roche: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; AbbVie: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria, Other: Non-financial support. Pei: Janssen: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Van Rampelbergh: Janssen: Current Employment. Tromp: Janssen: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Delioukina: Janssen: Current Employment.

*signifies non-member of ASH