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117 Real-World Treatment Patterns and Clinical, Economic, and Humanistic Burden in Triple-Class Refractory Multiple Myeloma: Analysis of the Connect® Multiple Myeloma (MM) Disease Registry

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 905. Outcomes Research- Lymphoid Malignancies: Multiple Myeloma and Other Plasma Cell Disorders
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Research, Health Outcomes Research, Plasma Cell Disorders, Diseases, Real World Evidence, Registries, Lymphoid Malignancies, Clinical Practice (e.g. Guidelines, Health Outcomes and Services, and Survivorship, Value; etc.)
Saturday, December 11, 2021: 10:00 AM

Derek Tang1*, Parameswaran Hari2, Karthik Ramasamy3, Katja Weisel4*, Prashant Joshi, MD1*, Liang Liu, MS1*, Min Che1*, Gabriela Hernandez5*, Rafat Abonour, MD6, James W. Hardin, PhD7*, Robert M. Rifkin, MD8, Sikander Ailawadhi, MD9, Hans C. Lee, MD10, Howard R. Terebelo, DO11, Brian G.M. Durie, MD12, Mohit Narang, MD13*, Kathleen Toomey, MD14*, Cristina Gasparetto, MD15, Lynne I. Wagner, PhD16* and Sundar Jagannath, MD17*

1Bristol Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ
2Division of Hematology and Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
3Department of Haematology, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
4Department of Oncology, Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, University Medical Center of Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
5Celgene International Sàrl, a Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Boudry, Switzerland
6Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN
7University of South Carolina, Columbia, NC
8Rocky Mountain Cancer Centers/US Oncology Research, Denver, CO
9Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL
10The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
11Providence Cancer Institute, Southfield, MI
12Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA
13US Oncology Research, Columbia, MD
14Steeplechase Cancer Center, Somerville, NJ
15Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC
16Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC
17Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY

Introduction: Treatment resistance remains a challenge that most patients (pts) with MM will encounter in their disease course. With each subsequent line of therapy (LOT), pt outcomes and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) worsen. Pts with MM who are refractory to immunomodulatory drugs, proteasome inhibitors (PIs), and anti-CD38 antibodies (triple-class refractory; TCR) have a poor prognosis and the holistic burden is not well understood. To capture these features, the ongoing prospective Connect® MM Disease Registry was used to report treatment patterns and outcomes in pts with TCR MM.

Methods: Data from September 28, 2009 to February 4, 2021 were used. Eligible pts were ≥18 years of age at first documented diagnosis of MM, which became TCR during their disease course. MM was defined as refractory to therapies based on the International Myeloma Working Group Criteria. Index date was defined as first record of TCR during the disease course. Data analyzed included pt characteristics, treatment patterns pre- and post-index, overall survival (OS), healthcare resource utilization (HCRU), and HRQoL. General HRQoL was captured by EQ-5D-3L utility index (range −0.11–1, higher score indicated better HRQoL), EQ-5D visual analog scale (VAS) score (range 0–100, “worst imaginable” to “best imaginable” health status), and FACT-G total score (range 0–108). Disease-specific HRQoL was measured by FACT-MM total score (range 0–164), FACT-MM Trial Outcome Index (TOI) (range 0–112), and the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) average pain item (range 0–10, “no pain” to “worst pain you can imagine”). Higher scores indicated better HRQoL for all FACT-related index scores. Cohort-level clinically meaningful change in HRQoL during post-index year 1 was defined as 0.08 for the EQ-5D utility index, 7 for the EQ-5D VAS, and 6–8 points for the FACT-G total score. Validated thresholds were unavailable for other index scores. All statistical analyses were descriptive.

Results: This analysis included 240 pts identified from the Registry. Mean age at index date was 68.1 (standard deviation [SD] 10.4) years. Mean time from initial MM diagnosis was 64.1 (SD 26.9) months. 63.3% of pts had prior stem cell transplantation. Mean number of prior LOTs was 4 (SD 1.7). 64.6% of pts had received a subsequent MM LOT since index date. Median follow-up time post-index date was 4.6 months. Treatment pattern analysis of post-index treated pts (Table A) revealed that retreatment with an immunomodulatory drug, PI, or anti-CD38 agent post-index date was common, led by carfilzomib (47.1%) and pomalidomide (40.0%). However, no therapeutic combination was preferred in this pt population. Regarding their index therapy (first post-index LOT), 70.3% and 22.6% were on triplet and quadruplet combination therapy; 3.2% initiated belantamab mafodotin, selinexor, melflufen, and/or idecabtagene vicleucel; mean duration of treatment was 5.6 (SD 6.1) months. For all pts, median OS was 8.9 months; median OS for those who received < 4 prior LOTs (43.8%) versus those who received 4 or more prior LOTs (56.2%) was 10.0 and 8.0 months, respectively.

Regarding HCRU during the post-index follow-up, all-cause and MM-related hospitalizations were observed in 49.6% and 23.8% of all eligible pts, respectively. Among these pts, annualized mean number of all-cause/MM-related hospitalization and length of hospital stay were estimated as 8.5 (SD 18.2)/11.0 (SD 25.2) and 64.0 days (SD 80.0)/ 69.2 days (SD 83.7), respectively.

Analysis of HRQoL showed a numerical decline in HRQoL relative to index during the 1-year post-index period across all studied HRQoL instruments. There was a clinically meaningful decline in HRQoL from baseline following the index date based on the EQ-5D utility index, EQ-5D VAS, and FACT-G total score (Table B).

Conclusion: Pts with TCR MM experienced poor survival, substantial hospitalizations, and a clinically meaningful decline in HRQoL. 35.4% of pts did not receive any new LOTs since the disease became TCR. Among those who did receive subsequent LOTs, re-treatment with an immunomodulatory drug, PI, or anti-CD38 antibody therapy occurred, showing a lack of novel treatment options. This study suggests novel tolerable and efficacious therapeutic agents are needed to address the burden of illness in pts with MM.

Disclosures: Tang: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Hari: Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Celgene-BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Adaptive Biotech: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Oncopeptides: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Sanofi: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm: Consultancy; GSK: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Millenium: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Ramasamy: Pfizer: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GSK: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Oncopeptides: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Celgene - Bristol Myers Squibb: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Weisel: Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GSK: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Roche: Honoraria; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy; Novartis: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria. Joshi: Bristol Myers Squibb: Current Employment. Liu: Bristol Myers Squibb: Current Employment. Che: Bristol Myers Squibb: Current Employment. Hernandez: Bristol Myers Squibb: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Abonour: Jensen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Celgene-BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; GSK: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Takeda: Research Funding. Hardin: Bristol Myers Squibb: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Rifkin: Sanofi: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; McKesson: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Karyopharm: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Fresenius-Kabi: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Coherus: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol Myers Squibb (Celgene): Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Ailawadhi: BeiGene, Ltd.: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Ascentage: Research Funding; Medimmune: Research Funding; Cellectar: Research Funding; Xencor: Research Funding; GSK: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy; Genentech: Consultancy; AbbVie: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy; Oncopeptides: Consultancy. Lee: Legend Biotech: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy; Oncopetides: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy; Regeneron: Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Research Funding. Terebelo: Pharmacylics: Speakers Bureau; Celgene-BMS: Consultancy; Takeda: Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Speakers Bureau. Durie: Amgen, Celgene/Bristol-Myers Squibb, Janssen, and Takeda: Consultancy; Amgen: Other: fees from non-CME/CE services . Narang: Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy; TG Pharma: Consultancy. Toomey: Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy. Gasparetto: Oncopeptide: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Gsk: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau. Wagner: Celgene-BMS: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Athenex Inc: Consultancy; Eli Lilly, Johnson & Johnson: Other: Spouse, previously held individual stocks;. Jagannath: Janssen Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Consultancy; Legend Biotech: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH