-Author name in bold denotes the presenting author
-Asterisk * with author name denotes a Non-ASH member
Clinically Relevant Abstract denotes an abstract that is clinically relevant.

PhD Trainee denotes that this is a recommended PHD Trainee Session.

Ticketed Session denotes that this is a ticketed session.

1634 Effects of Cytogenetic Risk on Outcomes in Multiple Myeloma Treated with Selinexor, Bortezomib, and Dexamethasone (XVd)

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 652. Multiple Myeloma and Plasma cell Dyscrasias: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Non-Biological, Clinical Research, Diseases, Therapies, Myeloid Malignancies
Saturday, December 11, 2021, 5:30 PM-7:30 PM

Nizar J. Bahlis, MD1, Shambavi Richard2*, Darrell J. White, MD3, Sebastian Grosicki, MD, PhD4, Christine Chen, MHPE, MD, FRCPC5*, Sosana Delimpasi, MD6*, Heather J. Sutherland, MD, PhD, FRCPC7, Zvenyslava Maslyak, MD8*, Michael Sebag, MD, PhD9, Maria Gavriatopoulou, MD10*, Suzanne Lentzsch, MD, PhD11*, Ajai Chari, MD12*, Maryana Simonova, MD13*, Ivan Spicka, MD, Prof, PhD14*, Iryna Kriachok15*, Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD16, Halyna Pylypenko, MD17*, Holger W Auner, MD, PhD18, Xavier Leleu, MD19, Ganna Usenko, MD20*, Roman Hajek, MD, PhD21, Reuben Benjamin, MD22, Tuphan Kanti Dolai, MBBS, MD, DNB, DM23*, Dinesh Kumar Sinha, MD24*, Christopher P. Venner, MD, FRCPC25, Mamta Garg, MD, FRCP, FRCPath26*, Don Stevens, MD27, Hang Quach, FRACP, FRCPA28, Sundar Jagannath, MD29*, Philippe Moreau, MD, PhD30*, Moshe Levy, MD31*, Ashraf Z. Badros, MD32, Larry D. Anderson Jr., MD, PhD33*, Thierry Facon, MD34*, Maria-Victoria Mateos35, Michele Cavo, MD, PhD36*, Andrew DeCastro, PhD37*, Yi Chai, PhD38*, Dane R. Van Domelen, PhD37*, Moran Mishal, MD38*, Ohad S. Bentur, MD MHA37*, Jatin Shah, MD38, Sharon Shacham, PhD, MBA37*, Michael G. Kauffman, MD, PhD37 and Paul G. Richardson, MD39

1Arnie Charbonneau Cancer Research Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
2Department of Medicine, Hematology and Medical Oncology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
3Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
4Silesian Medical University, Katowice, Poland
5Princess Margaret Cancer Center, Toronto, Canada
6Hematology/Lymphomas and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit, Evangelismos Hospital, Athens, Greece
7Division of Hematology, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
8State Institution "Institute of Blood Pathology and Transfusion Medicine of NAMS of Ukraine", Lviv, Ukraine
9Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, QC, Canada
10Alexandra Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens,, Athens, Greece
11Medical Oncology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY
12Mount Sinai, New York, NY
13Institute of Blood Pathology & Transfusion Medicine, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, MA, Ukraine
14Charles University and General Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic
15National Cancer Institute, Kiev, Ukraine
16Alexandra Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
17Department of Hematology, Cherkassy Regional Oncology Center, Cherkassy, Ukraine
18Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
19Department of Hematology, CHU Poitiers – Hôpital la Milétrie, Poitiers, France
20City Hematology Center, City Clinical Hospital No. 4 of Dnipro City Council, Dnipro, Ukraine
21Department of Hematooncology, University Hospital Ostrava and Faculty of Medicine, University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic
22Department of Haematology, Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, CA, United Kingdom
23Haematology, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India
24State Cancer Institute, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India
25Cross Cancer Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
26Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, United Kingdom
27Norton Healthcare, Norton Cancer Institute, Louisville, KY
28University of Melbourne, St. Vincent’s Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
29Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
30University Hospital Hotel-Dieu, Nantes, France
31Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX
32School of Medicine, University of Maryland Baltimore, Baltimore, MD
33UT Southwestern Medical Center, Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, Dallas, TX
34CHU Lille Service des Maladies du Sang F-59000, Lille, France
35Hospital Clinico Universitario de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
36IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
37Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc., Newton, MA
38Karyopharm Therapeutics, Newton, MA
39Dana-farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Ctr, Boston, MA

Introduction:

Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have a high rate of relapse resulting in a need for multiple lines of therapy. In contrast to MM with standard risk cytogenetics (SR-Cyto), high-risk cytogenetics (HR-Cyto) in MM such as del(17p), t(4;14), t(14;16), and gain(1q) (≥3 copies), can result in shorter progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) with less durable responses. Treatment regimens that can overcome the negative effect of HR-Cyto abnormalities are required to address this area of unmet medical need.

Exportin 1 (XPO1), is overexpressed in many hematologic and solid tumor malignancies including MM, and exports tumor suppressor proteins from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, leading to their inactivation. Elevated levels of XPO1 are correlated with more aggressive MM and resistance to therapy and confers a poor prognosis. The potent oral XPO1 inhibitor, selinexor, has been approved as a triplet combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone for previously-treated MM. In the Phase 3 BOSTON study, treatment with XVd in patients with previously treated MM significantly prolonged median PFS and improved the overall response rate (ORR), with a trend towards a prolonged OS amongst all patients as well as those with HR cytogenetics.

Methods:

We performed post hoc analyses on patients with previously-treated MM from the XVd arm of the Phase 1b/2 study STOMP (NCT02343042) and the Phase 3 BOSTON (NCT03110562) study to determine the effects of cytogenetic abnormalities on outcomes. The HR-Cyto group included patients with at least one of the following cytogenetic abnormalities at initial diagnosis or screening: del(17p), t(4;14), t(14;16), or gain(1q) (≥3 copies). Efficacy was based on independent review committee.

Results:

A total of 106 patients with HR-Cyto were identified, including del(17p) (n=25), t(4;14) (n=25), t(14;16) (n=10), and gain(1q) (n=80). There were 131 patients classified as SR-Cyto including those with unknown cytogenetics. Baseline demographics were similar between groups with median age of 66 years old (range 40-87). Patients with HR-Cyto had a median PFS of 12.9 months and patients with SR-Cyto had a median PFS of 16.6 months; PFS on the BOSTON Vd control arm were 8.6 and 9.5 months with HR- and SR-Cyto, respectively. Of the individual abnormalities, a PFS of 13.2 and 13.9 months was observed in the t(4;14) and gain1q subgroups, respectively. Of the HR-Cyto subgroups with more than 10 patients, a similar median OS was observed in comparison to SR-Cyto and ranged from 20.4 months to not reached.

The response of XVd treatment was maintained across HR-Cyto risk subgroups, with an ORR of 76.4% overall and the following values for subgroups: del(17p) (72.0%), t(4;14) (88.0%), and gain1q (73.8%). The ORR of the SR group was 69.5%. Of all patients that received XVd, there were 6 CRs (5.7%) and 32 VGPRs (30.2%) in the HR group and 9 CRs (6.9%) and 29 VGPRs (22.1%) in the SR group. The ORRs on the BOSTON Vd control arm were 57.7% and 64.7% for HR- and SR-Cyto, respectively.

The rates of the most common treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) of any grade were similar across risk groups (HR- vs SR-Cyto): thrombocytopenia (65.1% vs. 54.2%), nausea (53.8% vs. 53.4%), fatigue (47.2% vs. 45.0%) decreased appetite (37.7% vs. 42.0%) and anemia (34.6% vs 40.5%). Rates of AEs of any grade peripheral neuropathy (PN) were 35.8% overall, 40.0% in del(17p), t(4;14) (40.0%), t(14;16) (30.0%), gain(1q) (38.8%), and 23.7% in the SR group. The rates of PN in the HR and SR groups of the XVd arm of the BOSTON and STOMP studies were 37.1% and 29.6% and 11.1% and 15.2%, respectively. The corresponding rates for Vd alone in the BOSTON study were 48.6% and 47.0%.

Conclusions:

Patients with MM with HR-Cyto treated with XVd demonstrated a comparable ORR and PFS, with a manageable safety profile compared to patients with SR-Cyto, supporting the use of XVd in patients with any cytogenetic profile. These results are consistent with the distinct and broad mechanism of action associated with XPO1 inhibition and the use of the agent in earlier lines of therapy. Further assessment of selinexor in combination with other therapies in patients with MM across the entire cytogenetic spectrum is warranted.

Disclosures: Bahlis: Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria; BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria; Genentech: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Honoraria; Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria. Richard: Karyopharm, Janssen: Honoraria. White: Amgen, Antengene, BMS/Celgene, Forus, GSK, Janssen, Karyopharm, Sanofi, Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria. Chen: Gilead: Research Funding; BMS, Janssen, Abbvie, Novartis, Gilead, AstraZeneca: Consultancy. Delimpasi: Amgen: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau. Sutherland: Amgen: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; GSK: Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Research Funding. Sebag: Janssen: Research Funding; Bristol Myers-Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria. Gavriatopoulou: GSK: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Genesis: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Karyopharm: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria. Lentzsch: Oncopeptides: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy; GSK: Consultancy; AbbVie: Consultancy; Celularity: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Caelum Biosciences: Consultancy, Current holder of individual stocks in a privately-held company; Ossium Health: Consultancy; Magenta Therapeutics: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Kadmon: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Chari: Genentech: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi Genzyme: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Secura Bio: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Shattuck Labs: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Consultancy, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Millenium/Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding; Janssen Oncology: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Antengene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Seattle Genetics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Kriachok: Takeda, Roche, Abbvie, Janssen, MSD, Pfizer: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Takeda, Roche, Abbivie, Janssen, MSD: Consultancy. Dimopoulos: BMS: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Beigene: Honoraria. Auner: Janssen: Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Research Funding; Takeda, Karyopharm: Other: Advisory role. Leleu: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria; Carsgen Therapeutics Ltd: Honoraria; Celgene: Honoraria; Gilead Sciences: Honoraria; Janssen-Cilag: Honoraria; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Honoraria; Merck: Honoraria; Mundipharma: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria; Oncopeptides: Honoraria; Pierre Fabre: Honoraria; Roche: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; AbbVie: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria, Other: Non-financial support. Usenko: Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Clinical Trials Investigator; AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Clinical Trials Investigator; Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria; Acerta: Other: Clinical Trials Investigator; Ascentage: Other: Clinical Trials Investigator; Celgene: Other: Clinical Trials Investigator; Il-Yang: Other: Clinical Trials Investigator; Karyopharm: Other: Clinical Trials Investigator; Oncopeptides: Other: Clinical Trials Investigator; Rigel: Other: Clinical Trials Investigator; Takeda: Other: Clinical Trials Investigator; UCB: Other: Clinical Trials Investigator. Hajek: Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Pharma MAR: Consultancy, Honoraria; Novartis: Consultancy, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Venner: Janssen: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Celgene: Research Funding; Amgen: Research Funding. Garg: Takeda Janssen Novartis Sanofi: Other: Travel Accommodations, Expenses; Amgen Janssen Novartis Sanofi Takeda: Honoraria; University Hospital Leicester: Current Employment. Quach: Antengene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Janssen/Cilag: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; CSL: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Jagannath: Karyopharm Therapeutics: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Legend Biotech: Consultancy; Janssen Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy. Moreau: Celgene BMS: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Abbvie: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; Oncopeptides: Honoraria. Levy: Takeda, Celgene, Seattle Genetics, AbbVie, Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Gilead Sciences, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Amgen, Spectrum Pharmaceuticals,Janssen.: Consultancy. Badros: J&J: Research Funding; Janssen: Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Research Funding. Anderson: Celgene, BMS, Janssen, GSK, Karyopharm, Oncopeptides, Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Mateos: Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Oncopeptides: Honoraria; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; GSK: Honoraria; Sanofi: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bluebird bio: Honoraria; Oncopeptides: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sea-Gen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Roche: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Regeneron: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene - Bristol Myers Squibb: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie: Honoraria. Cavo: AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Honoraria; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel Accommodations, Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Honoraria; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES, Speakers Bureau; Bristol-Myers Squib: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau. DeCastro: Karyopharm: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Chai: Karyopharm: Current Employment. Van Domelen: Karyopharm: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Mishal: Karyopharm: Current Employment. Bentur: Karyopharm Therapeutics: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Shah: Karyopharm: Current Employment. Shacham: Karyopharm: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Patents & Royalties: (8999996, 9079865, 9714226, PCT/US12/048319, and I574957) on hydrazide containing nuclear transport modulators and uses, and pending patents PCT/US12/048319, 499/2012, PI20102724, and 2012000928) . Kauffman: Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc.: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Richardson: Secura Bio: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Oncopeptides: Consultancy, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy; Protocol Intelligence: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; Regeneron: Consultancy; Celgene/BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy; AbbVie: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Research Funding; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding.

*signifies non-member of ASH