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3938 Efficacy and Safety of Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma: CARTITUDE-1 Subgroup Analysis

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 731. Autologous Transplantation: Clinical and Epidemiological: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Clinical Trials, Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR)-T Cell Therapies, Clinical Research, Plasma Cell Disorders, Diseases, Therapies, Infusion, Lymphoid Malignancies
Monday, December 13, 2021, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Andrzej Jakubowiak1, Saad Z. Usmani, MD MBA FACP2, Jesus G. Berdeja3, Mounzer Agha4, Adam D Cohen, MD5, Parameswaran Hari6, Jordan M. Schecter7, Deepu Madduri7*, Tzu-Min Yeh7*, Yunsi Olyslager8*, Arnob Banerjee9*, Carolyn C. Jackson, MD MPH7*, Alicia Allred9*, Enrique Zudaire9*, William Deraedt10*, Changwei Zhou11*, Dong Geng11*, Lida Pacaud11*, Yi Lin, MD, PhD12, Thomas Martin, MD13 and Sundar Jagannath, MD14*

1University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
2Levine Cancer Institute, New York, NY
3Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Nashville, TN
4UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, Pittsburgh, PA
5Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
6Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
7Janssen R&D, Raritan, NJ
8Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, Beerse, Belgium
9Janssen R&D, Spring House, PA
10Janssen R&D, Beerse, Belgium
11Legend Biotech USA, Piscataway, NJ
12Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
13UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, CA
14Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY

Introduction: Ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel), a chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy with 2 B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)–targeting single-domain antibodies, is being evaluated in patients (pts) with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). In the phase 1b/2 CARTITUDE-1 (NCT03548207) study, a single dose of cilta-cel led to early, deep, and durable responses in heavily pretreated pts with MM, with a manageable safety profile (Berdeja, Lancet, 2021). At median 18 months of follow-up, the overall response rate (ORR) was 98%, with 80% of pts achieving stringent complete response. Median duration of response (DOR) was 21.8 months (95% CI, 21.8–not estimable); 18-month progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 66% and 81%, respectively. Here, we report the efficacy and safety of cilta-cel in various subgroups of pts in CARTITUDE-1.

Methods: Eligible pts had MM and received ≥3 prior lines of therapy (LOT) or were double refractory to a proteasome inhibitor (PI) and immunomodulatory drug (IMiD), and had received a PI, IMiD, and anti-CD38 antibody. After apheresis, bridging therapy was permitted. Pts received a single cilta-cel infusion (target dose: 0.75×106 CAR+ viable T cells/kg; range 0.5-1.0×106) 5–7 days after lymphodepletion (300 mg/m2 cyclophosphamide, 30 mg/m2 fludarabine daily for 3 days). Primary objectives were to characterize cilta-cel safety, confirm the recommended phase 2 dose (phase 1b), and evaluate efficacy (phase 2). In this combined phase 1b and phase 2 analysis, cytokine release syndrome (CRS) graded by Lee et al (Blood 2014) criteria and neurotoxicity by CTCAE v5.0 were mapped to the ASTCT criteria for CRS and immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity (ICANS), respectively. Efficacy and safety were evaluated in the following subgroups: ≥65 years of age, Black/African American, 3 prior LOT, ≥4 prior LOT, triple-class refractory, penta-drug refractory, standard- and high-risk cytogenetics, International Staging System stage III, bone marrow plasma cells at baseline (≤30%, >30 to <60%, and ≥60%), BCMA tumor expression at baseline (<80%, ≥80%), and presence of soft tissue plasmacytomas (bone-based and extramedullary).

Results: As of February 11, 2021, 97 pts in the overall population received cilta-cel; 58.8% were male, median age was 61 years (range 43–78), and median time from diagnosis to enrollment was 5.9 years (range 1.6–18.2). ORR across all evaluated subgroups was comparable to the overall population, and was consistently high (range 95.1–100%) including in those with high-risk cytogenetics, ISS stage III MM, baseline bone marrow cells ≥60%, and baseline plasmacytomas (Table). Median DOR for most subgroups, including high-risk cytogenetics, was consistent with the overall population or not reached but was shorter in pts with ISS Stage III MM and baseline plasmacytomas (Table). Across all subgroups, 80%–100% of MRD-evaluable pts achieved MRD negativity (10-5 threshold). 18-month PFS and OS rates were consistent with the overall population in most subgroups, including high-risk cytogenetics, and lower in ISS stage III and baseline plasmacytomas (Table). Incidence of CRS, ICANS, and other CAR T-cell neurotoxicities (events not reported as ICANS [ie, onset after a period of recovery from CRS and ICANS]) in various subgroups was consistent with the overall population, with no new safety signals.

Conclusions: At median follow-up of 18 months, a single infusion of cilta-cel yielded deep, durable responses in all evaluated subgroups in CARTITUDE-1. An ORR of 95%-100% was observed in pts across all subgroups, including those with high-risk cytogenetics, ISS stage III MM, baseline bone marrow cells ≥60%, and baseline plasmacytomas. In patients with ISS stage III and with baseline plasmacytomas, median DOR appeared shorter and 18-mo PFS and OS rates lower. Cilta-cel safety profile across the subgroups was consistent with the overall population, with no new safety signals. Ongoing evaluation of cilta-cel in the multicohort CARTITUDE-2 (NCT04133636) study in pts with unmet need in varying stages of treatment for MM will further explore the treatment benefit of cilta-cel, including in those with high-risk disease.

Disclosures: Jakubowiak: GSK: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Gracell: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Usmani: Janssen Oncology: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; SkylineDX: Consultancy, Research Funding; Sanofi: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Merck: Consultancy, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Array BioPharma: Consultancy, Research Funding; GSK: Consultancy, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Celgene/BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; EdoPharma: Consultancy; Abbvie: Consultancy; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding. Berdeja: Bluebird bio, BMS, Celgene, CRISPR Therapeutics, Janssen, Kite Pharma, Legend Biotech, SecuraBio, Takeda: Consultancy; GSK, Ichnos Sciences, Incyte: Research Funding; EMD Sorono, Genentech: Research Funding; Celularity, CRISPR Therapeutics: Research Funding; Lilly, Novartis: Research Funding; Abbvie, Acetylon, Amgen: Research Funding; Poseida, Sanofi, Teva: Research Funding. Cohen: Oncopeptides: Consultancy; Genentech/Roche: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; BMS/Celgene: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Novartis: Research Funding. Hari: Karyopharm: Consultancy; Adaptive Biotech: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Millenium: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Sanofi: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Celgene-BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; GSK: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Oncopeptides: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau. Schecter: Janssen: Current Employment, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company. Yeh: Janssen: Current Employment. Olyslager: Janssen: Current Employment. Banerjee: Janssen: Current Employment, Current holder of individual stocks in a privately-held company. Jackson: Janssen: Current Employment; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center: Consultancy. Allred: Janssen: Current Employment, Current holder of individual stocks in a privately-held company, Current holder of stock options in a privately-held company. Zudaire: Janssen: Current Employment. Deraedt: Janssen: Current Employment. Geng: Legend Biotech USA: Current Employment. Pacaud: Legend Biotech: Current Employment. Lin: Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Vineti: Consultancy; Legend: Consultancy; Bluebird Bio: Consultancy, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy; Juno: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy, Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda: Research Funding; Sorrento: Consultancy; Merck: Research Funding; Gamida Cell: Consultancy. Martin: Janssen: Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy; Oncopeptides: Consultancy; Amgen: Research Funding; Sanofi: Research Funding. Jagannath: Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Janssen Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Legend Biotech: Consultancy; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy.

OffLabel Disclosure: At the time of abstract submission, cilta-cel is being investigated for the treatment of multiple myeloma but is not yet approved.

*signifies non-member of ASH