-Author name in bold denotes the presenting author
-Asterisk * with author name denotes a Non-ASH member
Clinically Relevant Abstract denotes an abstract that is clinically relevant.

PhD Trainee denotes that this is a recommended PHD Trainee Session.

Ticketed Session denotes that this is a ticketed session.

2811 CNCT19 for Treatment of Patients with Relapsed Refractory B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (r/r B-cell ALL) in Children and AdultsClinically Relevant Abstract

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 704. Cellular Immunotherapies: Clinical: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Clinical Research
Sunday, December 12, 2021, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM

Ying Wang, MD1, Xiaojuan Chen, MD2*, Shuning Wei1*, Yingchang Mi, MD3, Lin Shi, PhD4*, Ying Wang4*, Yongzeng Wang, PhD4*, Changting Haudenschild, PhD4*, Lulu Lv, PhD5*, Xiaofan Zhu, MD6 and Jianxiang Wang, MD7

1State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, National Clinical Research Center for Blood Diseases, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China
2Division of Pediatric Blood Disease Center, State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, National Clinical Research Center for Blood Diseases, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China
3Leukemia center, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China
4Juventas Cell Therapy Ltd, Tianjin, China
5Juventas Cell Therapy Ltd., Tianjin, China
6Division of Pediatric Blood Diseases Center, State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, National Clinical Research Center for Blood Diseases, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin 300020, China, Tianjin, China
7State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, National Clinical Research Center for Blood Diseases, Blood Diseases Hospital & Institute of Hematology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China

Background: The incidence of B-cell ALL follows a bimodal distribution, with the first peak occurring in childhood and a second peak occurring around the age of 50. While the prognosis for pediatric patientshas improved over the past decades, prognosis for the elderly remains very poor. Despite a high rate of response to induction chemotherapy, only 30–40% of adult patients with ALL will achieve long-term remission. Patients with primary refractory and chemo-refractory B-cell ALL have an extremely poor prognosis.

A chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) specific for the CD19 B lymphocyte molecule has provide an option of treating B-cell malignancies. Although these CAR-modified T cell products target the same antigen, the designs of CD19-targeted CAR T-cells vary significantly. CNCT19 is autologous CD19-directed genetically modified T cell immunotherapy. The structure of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) includes CD19scFv-hCD8α hinge-CD8α TM-4-1BB-CD3ζ in tandem. The patent protected CD19scFv sequence is derived from CD19 monoclonal antibody HI19a featured with high specificity and affinity to CD19. This strong binding capability to CD19 leads to killing of the CD19 positive malignant B-cells. Use of 4-1BB co-stimulatory domain is expected to reduce the severity of treatment-associated cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurologic toxicities (NT) while maintaining a stronger and longer-term anti-tumor effect.

Methods: CNCT19 has been investigated in an open-label, phase 1/2 clinical trial for adult and pediatric patients with r/r ALL who have failed ≥ 2 lines prior therapies. Leukapheresis to obtain T cells was performed following the SOP of the local hospitals. CNCT19 was infused 2 to 14 days after lymphodepletion. All the patients were hospitalized up to 2 weeks. All the PIs have been trained for the management of CNCT19-treatment related CRS and neurotoxicities. A PI committee was involved in the management of CRS and neurologic toxicity. The primary objectives of the study were to determine the safety and the clinical outcomes, including ORR within 3 months, PFS, and overall survival (OS).

Results: As of October 2020, 63 patients (adults: n=32 >18 years, children: n=31 < 18 years) have received CNCD19 treatment and all subjects have been followed at least for one year.

All grade adverse events occurred in 54 patients (54/63 = 85.7%). Grade ≥3 CRS and NEs occurred in 12 (12/63 = 19%) and 13 (13/63 = 20%), respectively. Out of 63 patients, 59 (59/63= 93.6%) have had overall responder rate (ORR) defined as complete remission (CR) and complete remission with incomplete hematologic recovery (CRi). Among the 59 responded patients, the minimal residual disease (MRD) was negative in 56 patients (56/69 = 94.9%) and 23 patients (38.9%) received allogeneic-HSCT treatment. The relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were summarized in adult and pediatric groups separately in the following table.

Conclusions:

CNCT19 treatment of patients with r/r ALL demonstrates improved ORR, PFS, and OS both in children and adults. A pivotal clinical trial is going on in China to evaluate the ORR, PFS, and OS with a clinical plan to decrease the severity of treatment-related adverse events (CRS/NE).

Disclosures: Wang: AbbVie: Consultancy; Astellas Pharma, Inc.: Research Funding.

*signifies non-member of ASH