-Author name in bold denotes the presenting author
-Asterisk * with author name denotes a Non-ASH member
Clinically Relevant Abstract denotes an abstract that is clinically relevant.

PhD Trainee denotes that this is a recommended PHD Trainee Session.

Ticketed Session denotes that this is a ticketed session.

66 Oral Decitabine/Cedazuridine in Patients with Lower Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome: A Longer-Term Follow-up of from the Ascertain StudyClinically Relevant Abstract

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 637. Myelodysplastic Syndromes – Clinical and Epidemiological: Low Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome Prognosis and Treatment
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Clinical Trials, Adults, Clinical Research, Clinically Relevant, Diseases, Myeloid Malignancies, Study Population
Saturday, December 11, 2021: 10:45 AM

Guillermo Garcia-Manero, MD1, James K McCloskey, MD2, Elizabeth A. Griffiths, MD3, Karen Yee, MD4, Amer M. Zeidan, MD5, Aref Al-Kali, MD6, H. Joachim Deeg, MD7, Prapti Patel, MD8, Mitchell Sabloff, MSc, MD, FRCPC9, Mary-Margaret Keating, MD, FRCPC10, Kim-Hien Dao, DO11, Nancy Zhu, MD12*, Nashat Y. Gabrail, MD13*, Salman Fazal, MD14, Joseph Maly, MD15, Olatoyosi Odenike, MD16, Hagop Kantarjian, MD1, Amy E. DeZern, MD17, Casey L. O'Connell, MD18, Gail J. Roboz, MD19, Lambert Busque, MD20, Richard A. Wells, MD, DPhil21*, Harshad Amin, MD22*, Jasleen K. Randhawa, MD23, Brian Leber, MD24, Yong Hao, MD, PhD11*, Harold N. Keer, MD, PhD11, Mohammad Azab, MD11 and Michael R. Savona, MD25

1The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
2John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack Meridian Health, Hackensack, NJ
3Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, New York, NY
4Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
5Yale University and Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, CT
6Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
7Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA
8University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX
9Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa and The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada
10Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, NS, Canada
11Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Pleasanton, CA
12University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
13Gabrail Cancer Center, Canton, OH
14West Penn Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA
15Norton Cancer Institute, Louisville, KY
16University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
17Johns Hopkins University Hospital, Baltimore, MD
18USC Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
19Weill Cornell Medicine, The New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY
20Research Center, Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital, Montreal, QC, Canada
21Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada
22Boca Raton Clinical Research, Boca Raton, FL
23Houston Methodist Cancer Center, Houston
24Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
25Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN

Background/Introduction:

Lower-risk (IPSS low risk and Int-1) myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are typically treated supportively to address cytopenias. DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) such as azacitidine and decitabine (DEC) are FDA-approved for higher risk MDS patients (pts), and while the DEC USPI includes IPSS Int-1 pts, it is not widely used in this population. Approved intravenous (IV) or subcutaneous (SC) regimens require 5-7 days of treatment every month burdening older cancer pts due to daily travel and treatment time and may increase potential risk from pandemic SARS-CoV-2 infection. Because DNMTis are rapidly degraded by cytidine deaminase (CDA) in the gut and liver, oral availability has only been recently possible. A randomized study with CC-486, an oral formulation of azacitidine, in the Int-1 population showed a median overall survival (mOS) of approximately 17 months for both placebo and treated patients (Garcia-Manero, 2021). Oral DEC 35 mg/cedazuridine 100 mg (ASTX727) or DEC-C, is an oral fixed dose combination (FDC) of DEC and the CDA inhibitor cedazuridine (CED) resulting in equivalent exposure (99%; 90% CI 93% to 106%) to standard IV DEC 20 mg/m2 for 5 days in an intra-patient randomized cross-over study (Garcia-Manero et al, ASH 2019). Here, we present data on patients with lower risk MDS from that study.

Methods:

We used a randomized cross over design with pts randomized 1:1 in the first 2 cycles to either Sequence A: (DEC 35 mg/ CED 100 mg in Cycle 1 and IV DEC at 20 mg/m2 in Cycle 2), or Sequence B (IV DEC in Cycle 1 and oral DEC/CED in Cycle 2). Cycles were repeated every 28 days unless delays were needed, and all patients received oral DEC-C in Cycles 3+ until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. We conducted an intra-patient comparison of DEC PK (DEC AUC equivalence over 5 days of dosing). Pts were eligible as per the FDA-approved label of IV DEC (MDS pts by FAB classification including CMML, or MDS IPSS Intermediate-1, 2 or high-risk pts). Clinical endpoints were best response as assessed by an independent expert panel according to IWG 2006 response criteria, transfusion independence (TI), overall survival (OS), and safety.

Results:

Of the 133 pts treated in ASCERTAIN, 69 had a diagnosis of lower-risk MDS (93% Int-1, 7% LR). Median age was 70.0 years (range 45-87), 65% were male, median weight was 84 kg (range 50-127), median baseline hematologic parameters were: hemoglobin 89 g/L (range 69.8-146.5), WBCs 1.50 X 109/L (range 0.11-7.1), platelets (plt) 86 x 109/L (range 5-703), bone marrow blasts 4% (range 0-18), cytogenetics: 7 (10.1%) poor-risk, 21 (30.4%) intermediate risk, 37 (53.6%) better-risk, 4 (5.7%) missing or not evaluable. 27(39%) of the pts were RBC transfusion dependent (TD) and 6 (9%) plt TD. 17 (25%) had received prior MDS treatment, 3% prior DNMTi. Pts received a median of 9 cycles of therapy (range 1-28). Treatment-emergent adverse events of CTCAE Gr 3 or higher in >10% of pts, independent of relationship to ASTX727, included cytopenias (neutropenia [59%], thrombocytopenia [58%], anemia [48%], leukopenia [26%]), febrile neutropenia (32%), and pneumonia (19%). Sixteen pts (23%) achieved Complete Response (CR), 18 (26%) had marrow CR (mCR), including 9 (13%) with hematologic improvement (HI). Overall Response rate (ORR; CR + PR+ mCR + HI) was 57%. Of those RBC or plt TD at baseline, 13 (48%) became RBC TI and 4 (67%) became plt TI. With approximately 32 months of median follow up, neither median leukemia-free survival (mLFS) nor mOS had been reached (Figure 1). Twelve pts (17%) went on to allogeneic stem cell transplant.

Conclusions:

Oral decitabine/cedazuridine given as a FDC in MDS pts produced equivalent PK exposure to 20 mg/m2 IV DEC; in lower risk MDS pts with treatment indicated, the agent was generally well-tolerated with prolonged treatment and could result in mLFS and mOS which exceeds 32 months. This FDC and other dosing regimens of oral DEC-C should be further studied in this patient population.

References:

Garcia-Manero, et al, ASH 2019

Savona, et al, Int. MDS Symp. 2021

Garcia-Manero, et al, Phase III, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of CC-486 (Oral Azacitidine) in Patients with Lower-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes. J.Clin.Onc. 2021 39:13, 1426-1436

Disclosures: McCloskey: Pfizer: Consultancy; Jazz: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; COTA: Other: Equity Ownership; Incyte: Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Consultancy; BMS: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Speakers Bureau. Griffiths: Celgene/Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria; Apellis Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria; Taiho Oncology: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda Oncology: Consultancy, Honoraria; Alexion Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Research Funding; Astex Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria, Research Funding; Genentech: Research Funding; Boston Biomedical: Consultancy. Yee: Paladin: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; TaiHo: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Genentech: Research Funding; Geron: Research Funding; Janssen: Research Funding; Jazz: Research Funding; MedImmune: Research Funding; Onconova: Research Funding; Tolero: Research Funding; AbbVie: Honoraria; Bristol-Myers Squibb/Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Otsuka: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Shattuck Labs: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; F. Hoffmann La Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Forma Therapeutics: Research Funding; Astex: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Zeidan: Boehringer Ingelheim: Consultancy, Research Funding; Astellas: Consultancy; BeyondSpring: Consultancy; Genentech: Consultancy; Epizyme: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees, Travel support, Research Funding; Loxo Oncology: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees; Jazz: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees; ADC Therapeutics: Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Agios: Consultancy; Cardiff Oncology: Consultancy, Other: Travel support, Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Astex: Research Funding; Aprea: Consultancy, Research Funding; BioCryst: Other: Clinical Trial Committees; AbbVie: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees, Research Funding; Pfizer: Other: Travel support, Research Funding; BMS: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees, Research Funding; Incyte: Consultancy, Research Funding; Kura: Consultancy, Other: Clinical Trial Committees; Jasper: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Geron: Other: Clinical Trial Committees; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Acceleron: Consultancy, Research Funding; Ionis: Consultancy. Al-Kali: Astex: Other: Research support to institution; Novartis: Research Funding. Patel: Celgene-BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; PVI: Honoraria; Agios: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Sabloff: Pfizer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Astellas: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; ROCHE: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; TaiHo: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Jaxx: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Abbvie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Dao: Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Current Employment. Fazal: Taiho Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Stemline Therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Sanofi Genzyme: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Janssen Oncology: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Incyte: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Glaxo Smith Kline: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Gilead Sciences: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; AMGEN: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Agios: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau. Odenike: Celgene, Incyte, AstraZeneca, Astex, NS Pharma, AbbVie, Gilead, Janssen, Oncotherapy, Agios, CTI/Baxalta, Aprea: Research Funding; AbbVie, Celgene, Impact Biomedicines, Novartis, Taiho Oncology, Takeda: Consultancy. Kantarjian: AbbVie: Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria, Research Funding; Ascentage: Research Funding; Pfizer: Honoraria, Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding; Daiichi-Sankyo: Research Funding; Amgen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Ipsen Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria; Jazz: Research Funding; Astellas Health: Honoraria; Immunogen: Research Funding; Astra Zeneca: Honoraria; Aptitude Health: Honoraria; KAHR Medical Ltd: Honoraria; NOVA Research: Honoraria; Precision Biosciences: Honoraria; Taiho Pharmaceutical Canada: Honoraria. DeZern: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Taiho: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Roboz: Novartis: Consultancy; Mesoblast: Consultancy; Jasper Therapeutics: Consultancy; Jazz: Consultancy; MEI Pharma - IDMC Chair: Consultancy; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Otsuka: Consultancy; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Blueprint Medicines: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Astellas: Consultancy; Astex: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Agios: Consultancy; Actinium: Consultancy; AbbVie: Consultancy; Janssen: Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy; Glaxo SmithKline: Consultancy; Helsinn: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy; Roche/Genentech: Consultancy. Busque: Novartis: Consultancy. Leber: Astellas: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Otsuka: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; TaiHo: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AMGEN: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Abbvie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; BMS: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Pfizer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Jazz: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau. Hao: Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Current Employment. Keer: Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Current Employment. Azab: Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Savona: Geron: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; CTI: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; BMS-Celgene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; NOVARTIS: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Ryvu: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sierra Oncology: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Taiho: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; ALX Oncology: Research Funding; Astex: Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding.

<< Previous Abstract | Next Abstract
*signifies non-member of ASH