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1182 CD19/CD22 Dual-Targeted Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-Cell Therapy for Relapsed/Refractory Aggressive B-Cell Lymphoma:a Safety and Efficacy Study

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 626. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)—Results from Prospective Clinical Trials: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Therapies, CAR-Ts
Saturday, December 5, 2020, 7:00 AM-3:30 PM

Yongxian Hu, MD1*, Yanlei Zhang2*, Houli Zhao, MD1*, Yiyun Wang3*, Arnon Nagler, MD4, Alex Hong Chang2* and He Huang, MD, PhD1

1Bone Marrow Transplantation Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
2Shanghai YaKe Biotechnology Ltd, Shanghai, China
3Bone Marrow Transplantation Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
4Chaim sheba medical center, Tel aviv university, Tel Aviv, Israel

Introduction Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T-cell therapy has revolutionized the treatment of relapsed/refractory (R/R) B-cell hematological malignancies, primarily acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). CD19 CAR-T cells have been extensively studied and have been shown to yield complete remission (CR) rates of about 90% in R/R ALL, but substantially lower (50%) rates in R/R NHL. Moreover, persistence is usually limited, and antigen escape-mediated relapse is a major limitation. Dual CAR-T cells targeting both CD19 and CD22 may address these limitations. Patients and methods We developed a bispecific CAR-T cells that could concomitantly recognize CD19- and CD22-expressing targets by incorporating both CD19 and CD22 single-chain variables in a single CAR construct (Figure 1A). We designed a prospective study to assess the safety and efficacy profiles of the dual CAR-T therapy in patients with R/R aggressive B-cell lymphoma. Results The preclinical cytotoxicity evaluation of the CD19/CD22 dual-targeted CAR-T cells was performed in comparison with mono-specific CD19-BB-002 and CD22-BB-002 CAR-T cells in HeLa cells that were engineered to express CD19, CD22, or both antigens. The dual-antigen specific CAR-T cells performed equally well when compared with the mono-specific CAR-T cells when there was only a single antigen present on the target cells; better performance was observed when both antigens were present on target cells (Figure 1B). In addition, the dual-antigen specific CAR-T cells induced equal amounts of interleukin (IL)-3, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and interferon (IFN)-γ, when compared with the two mono-specific CAR-T cells (Figure 1C). Furthermore, the CD19 CAR-T cells induced more IL-2 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α than the CD22 CAR-T cells and dual-antigen CAR-T cells. However, in the presence of both CD19 and CD22 antigens, the dual-specific CAR-T cell tended to produce more granzyme B, which may explain the higher degree of cytotoxicity when compared with the two mono-specific CAR-T cells (Figure 1D). Twenty-four patients were screened. Of the 16 eligible patients 14 (87.5%) achieved objective response (RR), with 10 (62.5%) achieving complete response (CR). The 2-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 77.3% and 40.2%, respectively (Figure 2A). Achieving CR (HR: 0.017, 95% CI: 0.000-0.935; P=0.046) and number of prior lines of chemotherapy (n=2) (HR:135.784, 95% CI: 1.069-17248.110, P=0.047) were found as independent prognostic factors associated with favorable PFS. The 2-year OS and PFS of the CR patients were higher than those of the non-CR patients (100% versus 41.7%, P=0.015; 66.7% versus 0%, P < 0.001), respectively (Figure 2B). The 2-year PFS in patients received 2 prior lines of chemotherapy was higher as compared to those that received more than 2 lines of chemotherapy (68.6% versus 16.7%, P=0.049) whereas the OS in the 2 groups did not differ significantly (83.3% and 71.1%, P=0.613) (Figure 2C). Severe grade 3 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) was observed in only one patient, while 4 had grade one and 11 had grade 2, respectively. No patient developed neurotoxicity. Conclusions Immunotherapy with a novel CD19/CD22 dual targeted CAR-T cells yields a potent and durable anti-lymphoma response with no neurotoxicity or severe CRS. Bispecific CD19/CD22 CAR-T cells represent a safe and potent anti-lymphoma cellular based targeted immunotherapy.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

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