Session: 731. Clinical Autologous Transplantation: Results: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Adult, multiple myeloma, Diseases, Combinations, Therapies, Plasma Cell Disorders, Lymphoid Malignancies, Study Population, Clinically relevant
Methods: We included all consecutive patients who received their first ASCT between January 1988 and December 2015. The primary objective was to identify the variables associated with long-term overall survival (>10 years). The control group were patients who survived less than 10 years from their diagnosis data (short-term survivors). Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between predictive factors and overall survival of > 10 years.
Results: Among 2176 patients who underwent their first ASCT during the study period, 1409 patients met the eligibility criteria. Overall, 392 (28%) patients were long-term survivors (>10 years) and 1017 (72%) were short-term survivors (<10 years). Table 1 shows baseline patient and disease characteristics. Only 24% and 42% of patients in the long-term and short-term survivor groups, respectively, received proteasome inhibitor-based induction therapies. Maintenance therapy was received by 49% and 45% in the short- and long-term survivor groups, respectively (p=0.19). The long-term survivor group was characterized by having higher percentage of patients younger than age 65 (86%) years, and having higher proportions of ISS Stage I (47%), standard-risk cytogenetics (96%), normal LDH (88%) and with serum creatinine <2 mg/d (87%). With a median follow-up of 13 years (range, 10-30 years), the 15-year PFS and OS survival rates in the long-term survivors were 19% (95% CI: 14% - 23%) and 62% (95%: CI 56% - 68%) (Figure 1A). The cumulative incidence rates of relapse at 1, 3, and 5 years in the short-term survival group were 9%, 63%, and 82%, respectively, compared to 2%, 20%, and 40%, respectively, in the long-term survivor group (p<0.001) (Figure 1B). All variables listed in Table 1 were assessed in univariate analysis. Seventy-six percent of patients were relapse-free at 24 months in the long-term survival group, compared to only 32% in the short-term survival group. On multivariable analysis, age, cytogenetic-risk status, race-ethnicity, and duration of remission after ASCT were significant predictors for surviving > 10 years (Table 2). ISS Stage III (vs. Stage I: OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.19-1.09; p=0.08) showed a trend towards surviving ≤ 10 years.
Conclusions: ASCT is associated with durable responses and prolonged survival in a subgroup of MM patients irrespective of type of induction therapy and/or use of maintenance therapy. Duration of remission after transplant is the strongest predictor for long-term survival. Age <65 years, being African-American, and standard-risk cytogenetics were also associated with surviving more than 10 years.
Disclosures: Bashir: Acrotech: Research Funding; StemLine: Research Funding; Celgene: Research Funding; Amgen: Other: Advisory Board; Purdue: Other: Advisory Board; Takeda: Other: Advisory Board, Research Funding; KITE: Other: Advisory Board. Nieto: Affimed: Consultancy, Other: Grant Support; Novartis: Other: Grant Support; Astra Zeneca: Other: Grant Support; Secura Bio: Other: Grant Support. Mehta: CSL Behring: Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding; Kadmon: Research Funding. Ciurea: Kiadis Pharma: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Research Funding. Popat: Bayer: Research Funding; Novartis: Research Funding. Khouri: Bristol Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Pfizer: Research Funding. Kebriaei: Ziopharm: Other: Research Support; Novartis: Other: Served on advisory board; Pfizer: Other: Served on advisory board; Jazz: Consultancy; Kite: Other: Served on advisory board; Amgen: Other: Research Support. Manasanch: GSK: Honoraria; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Honoraria; Merck: Research Funding; Quest Diagnostics: Research Funding; Takeda: Honoraria; BMS: Honoraria; Sanofi: Research Funding; Novartis: Research Funding; Sanofi: Honoraria; JW Pharma: Research Funding. Hosing: NKARTA Inc.: Consultancy. Patel: Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Nektar: Consultancy, Research Funding; Cellectis: Research Funding; Poseida: Research Funding; Oncopeptides: Consultancy; Precision Biosciences: Research Funding; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding. Lee: Regeneron: Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy; Sanofi: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy; Daiichi Sankyo: Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy, Research Funding. Shpall: Zelluna: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Other: Licensing Agreement; Adaptimmune: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Magenta: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Orlowski: Laboratory research funding from BioTheryX, and clinical research funding from CARsgen Therapeutics, Celgene, Exelixis, Janssen Biotech, Sanofi-Aventis, Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.: Research Funding; Founder of Asylia Therapeutics, Inc., with associated patents and an equity interest, though this technology does not bear on the current submission.: Current equity holder in private company, Patents & Royalties; STATinMED Research: Consultancy; Sanofi-Aventis, Servier, Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen, Inc., AstraZeneca, BMS, Celgene, EcoR1 Capital LLC, Forma Therapeutics, Genzyme, GSK Biologicals, Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Janssen Biotech, Juno Therapeutics, Kite Pharma, Legend Biotech USA, Molecular Partners, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.,: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Champlin: Omeros: Consultancy; Cytonus: Consultancy; Johnson and Johnson: Consultancy; Actinium: Consultancy; Genzyme: Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Patents & Royalties; DKMS America: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Qazilbash: Bioclinica: Consultancy; Amgen: Research Funding; Janssen: Research Funding; Angiocrine: Research Funding; Bioline: Research Funding.
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