Session: 801. Gene Editing, Therapy and Transfer: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Hemophilia, Biological, Bleeding and Clotting, Diseases, Therapies, gene therapy
Methods: Wild-type (WT) C57BL6 and specific innate sensing knockout mice on the C57BL6 background were intravenously (IV) injected with a predetermined immunogenic dose (1x109vg) of hepatotropic AAV8-OVA vector (Mol Ther 25:880, 2017). PBMCs were quantified at 4 weeks for OVA-specific CD8+ T cells using a class I MHC tetramer. Hepatic APC types [Kupffer cells, neutrophils, CD103+ dendritic cell (DC), CD11c+ DC, XCR1+ DC] involved in transgene specific CD8+ T cell activation were selectively depleted/inactivated by pre-treatment with gadolinium chloride (GdCl3), Ly6G, CD103 antibody respectively, or by administering diphtheria toxin (DT) to CD11c-DTR and XCR1-DTR mice. This was followed by intravenous administration of AAV8-OVA and CellTrace violet labeled OT-1 cells.
Results: Similar to WT mice, TLR9-/-, TLR2-/-, TRIF-/-, IFNaR-/- and MDA5-/- mice developed a CD8+ T cell response indicating that these sensors do not play a role in transgene specific CD8+ T cells response. Interestingly, adaptor protein MyD88-/- mice did not elicit CD8+ T cell response to OVA, implying a MyD88 dependent but TLR9 independent response. Since MyD88 is an essential adaptor protein not only for TLR but also for interleukin-1 (IL-1) signaling pathways, we next analyzed IL-1R-/- mice. Similar to MyD88-/- mice, IL-1R-/- mice did not show OVA specific CD8+ T cells (p=0.006, 0.007 respectively), indicating that transgene-specific adaptive responses are mediated by IL-1R/MyD88 signaling.
Kupffer cells and DCs are principal APCs in liver and infiltrating neutrophils could also act as APCs under inflammatory conditions in liver microenvironment. Using proliferation of OT-I cells as readout we tested if any of these cell types are required for presentation to transgene specific CD8+ T cells. In naïve control, GdCl3 treated and a-Ly6G antibody treated mice, OT-I cell proliferation reached 60%, 65% and 48% on average, respectively. Depletion of CD11c DCs substantially reduced the proliferation of OT-I cells to ~6% (p<0.0001) indicating a critical role for DCs in mediating transgene specific CD8+ T cell responses. Since XCR1+ DCs are the major cross-presenting DCs and hepatic resident CD103+ DCs are shown to have intrinsically enhanced capacity to process and present antigen to naïve CD8+ T cells, we further sought to assess if any of these DCs plays a role in activation of transgene specific CD8+ T cells. Neutralization of CD103+ DCs reduced OT-I proliferation to 39% (p=0.01) whereas depletion of XCR1+ DCs reduced the proliferation to ~20% (p<0.0001) indicating a major role for XCR1+ DCs.
Conclusions: In summary, we uncovered a novel-signaling pathway that can activate CD8+ T cell responses during AAV gene transfer independent of TLR9 sensing. The IL-1R/MyD88 pathway drives activation of transgene specific CD8+ T cell, and XCR1+ DCs are critically involved in cross-presenting transgene product-derived antigen to CD8+ T cells.
Disclosures: Herzog: Takeda Pharmaceuticals: Patents & Royalties.
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