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1105 The Copy Number Landscape of Relapsed and Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 621. Lymphoma—Genetic/Epigenetic Biology: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Diseases, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, DLBCL, Biological Processes, Technology and Procedures, immune cells, Cell Lineage, Lymphoid Malignancies, genomics, NGS
Saturday, December 5, 2020, 7:00 AM-3:30 PM

Christopher Rushton, BSc1*, Miguel Alcaide, PhD1*, Matthew Cheung, BSc1*, Neil R Michaud2*, Scott Daigle2*, Ryan N Rys, BSc, BA3*, Sarah E Arthur, BSc1, Marquisa Zrymiak, BSc1*, Jordan Davidson, BSc1*, Kevin R Bushell, BSc, MSc1*, Stephen Yu, MSc1*, Michael D. Jain, MD, PhD4, Lois E. Shepherd5, Marco A. Marra, PhD6, John Kuruvilla, MD7, Michael Crump, MD7, Koren Kathleen Mann, PhD8,9, Sarit E Assouline, MD, MSc8, Joseph M. Connors, MD10, Christian Steidl, MD10, Nathalie A Johnson, MD, PhD8, David W. Scott, MBChB, PhD10 and Ryan D Morin, PhD, BSc, MSc1,6

1Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
2Epizyme, Cambridge, MA
3Jewish General Hospital, Lady Davis Institute For Medical Research, Montreal, QC, Canada
4Department of Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL
5Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada
6Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre, BC Cancer, Vancouver, BC, Canada
7Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
8Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, QC, Canada
9Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Montreal, QC, Canada
10Centre for Lymphoid Cancer, BC Cancer, Vancouver, BC, Canada


Patients diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are treated with standard frontline immunochemotherapy (R-CHOP). However, for cases where R-CHOP fails (relapsed-refractory DLBCL, rrDLBCL), prognosis is extremely poor, with 2-year overall survival of 20-40%. The successful development of new therapies may be hampered by our limited understanding of the genetic and molecular mechanisms underpinning treatment resistance. For example, recent data from our group has highlighted novel mutations that emerge following treatment with R-CHOP. The contribution of copy-number variations (CNVs) towards treatment resistance has not yet been thoroughly explored. A more complete characterization of these genetic alterations may lead to new prognostic biomarkers or treatment strategies.


We analyzed exome sequencing data from 59 rrDLBCL cases derived from either tissue biopsies or liquid biopsies collected after relapse, including both unpublished and previously published cases (Schmitz et al. (2018) NEJM 378:1396-1407 and Morin et al. (2016) Clin Can Res 22(9)). We separately performed low-pass whole-genome sequencing (lpWGS, 0.1-1x coverage) on 45 rrDLBCL liquid biopsies with ctDNA levels insufficient for exome-based analysis, for a total of 104 cases with copy-number information. We identified CNVs from exome and lpWGS data using Sequenza and ichorCNA, respectively. Next, we identified significant peaks of recurrent gains and losses using GISTIC2. Comparison of these peaks to CNVs in a previously published diagnostic DLBCL cohort (Schmitz et al. (2018) NEJM 378:1396-1407) enabled the identification of events that were significantly more prevalent in rrDLBCL.


Overall, the landscape of CNVs in rrDLBCL is reminiscent of diagnostic DLBCL, with recurrent amplifications of chromosome 7 (43/104, 41.3%) and 18q (42/104, 40.4%) and recurrent deletions of 6q (25/104, 24.0%) and 17p13 (39/104, 37.5%). We identified nine regions enriched for recurrent amplifications or deletions among rrDLBCLs. These include deletions of 17p13.1 (20.4% in diagnostic biopsies vs 41.3% of rrDLBCLs, q=8.53x10-5) and recurrent amplifications of 8q24 (18.5% vs 42.3%, q=5.72x10-7) and 7p22 (27.2% vs 57.9%, q=6.29x10-8). Many of these peaks represent focal events that are exceedingly rare in diagnostic DLBCL and do not contain established lymphoma-associated genes, including amplifications affecting 700kb of 6p11.2 (2.03% vs 7.69%, q=0.0178) and 500kb of 19p13.3 (6.7% vs 31.7%, q=9.99x10-10). Notably, the 6p11.2 amplifications were associated with inferior progression-free survival following R-CHOP (p=0.02), with most tumors harboring this alteration relapsing within 12 months. We also identified a novel, recurrent deletion affecting a 20mb region of 5q (2.78% vs 10.6%, q=0.00604) which was significantly deleted in rrDLBCL. For tumors with additional samples collected prior to R-CHOP and following salvage therapy, deletions of 5q appeared to emerge following frontline therapy and persisted after subsequent treatments, suggesting they may contribute to treatment resistance.


The 17p13.1 deletion enriched in rrDLBCL encompasses TP53, which is a common target of somatic point mutations in rrDLBCL and associated with inferior treatment outcomes. The amplification of 8q24 and 7p22 include MYC and GNA12/CARD11, respectively, although these large events encompass numerous additional genes which may be the target of such events. Curiously, the focal 6p11.2 amplification only overlaps a handful of genes including miR_598, which has been predicted to target CD27 and CD38 and whose expression is upregulated in B-cell cell lines (Lawrie et al. (2008) Leukemia 22:1440-2446). Further investigation and validation of these events and their corresponding targets will provide insight into the biology of rrDLBCL and may reveal novel therapeutic targets.

Disclosures: Michaud: Epizyme: Current Employment. Daigle: Epizyme: Current Employment. Jain: Kite/Gilead: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy. Kuruvilla: Merck: Consultancy, Honoraria; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company: Consultancy; Celgene Corporation: Honoraria; AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP: Honoraria, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy, Honoraria; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria; Roche: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Honoraria; Antengene: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria; TG Therapeutics: Honoraria. Crump: Servier: Consultancy; Roche: Consultancy; Kite/Gilead: Consultancy. Assouline: BeiGene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Research Funding; Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Steidl: Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Roche: Consultancy; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy; Curis Inc: Consultancy. Johnson: AbbVie: Research Funding; Roche/Genentech, Merck: Honoraria; Roche/Genentech, Merck, Bristol-Myers Squibb, AbbVie: Consultancy. Scott: NanoString: Patents & Royalties: Named inventor on a patent licensed to NanoString, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy; Abbvie: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; Roche/Genentech: Research Funding; NIH: Consultancy, Other: Co-inventor on a patent related to the MCL35 assay filed at the National Institutes of Health, United States of America.. Morin: Celgene: Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH