Session: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
This retrospective single-center study included all consecutive patients, admitted to the Rambam Department of Hematology for allo-HSCT between 01.01.2017 and 31.12.2019. The fact that at our center, FQ-P in allo-HSCT recipients was discontinued on 01.12.2018 allowed comparison of the outcomes in patients treated with and without such prophylaxis. GNB-BSI events registered within 30 days of admission were analyzed. The proportion of first-time GNB-BSI, the antibiotic susceptibility profile, day 30 and day 90 mortality among patients with GNB-BSI were compared. The assessment also included day 30 and day 90 overall TRM, mortality related to sepsis and aGVHD.
During the evaluated period, 189 patients underwent allo-HSCT and were included in the analysis. FQ-P was administered to 125 patients and omitted in 64 individuals. GNB-BSI events occurred in 23 (18.4%) patients receiving FQ-P and in 17 (26.6%) patients who did not receive it (p=0.19). GNB susceptibility to FQ, piperacillin/tazobactam and meropenem increased from 38.1% to 58.8%, from 60% to 70.6% and from 85.7% to 94.1%, respectively, after FQ-P had been stopped (p=non-significant, NS). 30-day and 90-day mortality among patients with GNB-BSI did not increase in the post-FQ-P period (Table 1). Day 30 and day 90 overall TRM rates were 10.6% and 18.9%, respectively, with FQ-P versus 13.5% and 21.9%, respectively, without FQ-P (p=NS). Before FQ-P was stopped, sepsis was the cause of death in 56% of events and aGVHD in 16% and after FQ-P was stopped, the corresponding values were 46% and 23%, respectively (p=NS).
FQ-P omission has not significantly increased the rate of GNB-BSI or affected the profile of GNB susceptibility to antibiotic treatment in patients undergoing allo-HSCT. Moreover, it has not significantly changed day 30 and day 90 mortality either among patients with GNB-BSI or in the entire study population. FQ-P omission in allo-HSCT recipients appears to be safe and its implementation could contribute to the preservation of intestinal microbiome diversity, potentially leading to improved post-transplant outcome. The findings of this study need to be further evaluated in large randomized trials.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
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