Session: 201. Granulocytes, Monocytes, and Macrophages: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
drug-drug interaction, Therapies, Combinations, white blood cells, Cell Lineage
Aim: To asses the effect of NA treatment in SCN and cyclic neutropenia (CyN) patients.
Methods: 15 SCN and three CyN patients ages 0.5 to 31 (M-5.47) years were orally treated with 20 mg/kg/day of NA in addition to G-CSF therapy. G-CSF dose varied between 0.6 and 50.8 µg/kg/day before start of NA treatment.
Results: After three months of NA treatment, absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) increased from median 0.80 x 109/l (Q1 0.61, Q3 1.29 x 109/l) to 1.77 x 109/l (Q1 1.49, Q3 2.33 x 109/l) ( p < 0.001). This allowed G-CSF dose reduction from 15 µg/kg/day (Q1 5, Q3 25 µg/kg/day) to 10 µg/kg/day (Q1 1.77, Q3 15.16 µg/kg/day) in 17 patients, and complete G-CSF tapering in one patient. After one year of observations, ANC were 1.50 x 109/l (Q1 0.99, Q3 2.86 x 109/l), median increase of ANC from start of therapy was 0.89 x 109/l fold (Q1 0.39, Q3 1.57; р = 0.004). NA was well tolerated, without severe adverse events. We also observed a marked reduction of the frequency and severity of bacterial infections upon combination of NA and G-CSF.
Conclusions: In our group of SCN/CyN patients, NA treatment led to increased neutrophil counts and decreased required G-CSF doses with continuous clinical and laboratory responses. We also observed a reduction of the frequency and severity of bacterial infections. Therefore, the use of NA in combination with a reduced dose of G-CSF for the treatment of SCN and CyN patients is promising and should be further investigated in a larger cohort of patients.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
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