Session: 113. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia—New Genetic Approaches to Sickle Cell Disease: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
sickle cell disease, Non-Biological, Diseases, Therapies, Hemoglobinopathies, pharmacology
An alternative, sulfated non-anticoagulant LMWH derivative (S-NACH) was previously reported to have none to low systemic anticoagulant activity and no bleeding side effects, and it interfered with P-selectin-dependent binding of sickle cells to endothelial cells, with concomitant decrease in the levels of adhesion biomarkers in SCD mice (1,2). S-NACH has been further engineered to possess an aldehyde moiety, which confers anti-sickling properties primarily due to specific interactions with HbS to increase its affinity for oxygen.
Our in vitro sickling assay under hypoxic conditions using S-NACH at 0.5 - 2 mM demonstrated that S-NACH significantly reduced the sickling of SS cells and in a concentration-dependent manner, with comparable to that of 1 mM GBT440 (Figure 1 A-C). A similar concentration dependent effect on increasing HbS affinity for oxygen using oxygen equilibrium study was documented.
In an vivo animal model using Townes’ SCD animals plasma levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, IFN-γ, MCP-1, TNF-α, M-CSF, and VEGF were increased in SCD untreated samples in contrast to a significant decrease (*P< 0.001) in S-NACH-treated animals, at both 2 and 6 h. In addition, S-NACH was able to increase the decreased levels of the endogenous anti-inflammatory IL-10 (Figure 1 D).
The above set of novel findings about S-NACH established it to be effective for the management of SCD via the modulation of thromboinflammatory pathways, involved in thromboembolism and end organ damage, beside anti-sickling, anti-selectin and without causing any bleeding risk.
- Alshaiban A, Muralidharan-Chari V, Nepo A, Mousa SA. Modulation of Sickle Red Blood Cell Adhesion and its Associated Changes in Biomarkers by Sulfated Non-anticoagulant Heparin Derivative. Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2016 ;22(3):230-8.
- Mousa SA: Compositions and method for anti-sickling of red blood cells in sickle cell disease. US Patent 9,822,190, November 2017.
Disclosures: Mousa: Vascular Vision Pharma Co.: Patents & Royalties.
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