Session: 626. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)—Results from Prospective Clinical Trials: Incorporating novel agents and new adoptive cell therapy approaches
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Therapies, CAR-Ts, immunotherapy, Clinically relevant
METHODS: Lymphoma pts who have exhausted all available treatments with progressive or stable disease and life expectancy >2 months were enrolled in the study. Lymphoma biopsies were immunostained for various target antigens including CD19, CD20, CD22, CD30, CD38, CD70 and PSMA. An advanced CART therapy regimen, CAR 2.0, has been developed, which involves a primary and a booster CAR-T cell infusions targeting multiple antigens identified on each pt’s tumor. Autologous T cells were apheresis collected and transduced with an apoptosis-inducible, safety-engineered lentiviral CAR with the following intracellular signaling domains: CD28/CD27/CD3ζ-iCasp9 (4SCAR). Pts received cyclophosphamide/fludarabine chemotherapy conditioning 1-2 days before infusion of 1.21- 4.87x106 CART cells/kg per infusion. The quality of apheresis cells, efficiencies of gene transfer and T cell proliferation, CAR T infusion dose and blood CAR copies were quantitatively documented.
RESULTS: Total 60 pts were evaluated at three months follow-up time, including 42 pts with DLBCL, 10 with PMBCL, 7 with FL and 1 with gastric mucosal associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALT). The median age was 47 years (range, 2-77), including 31 males and 29 females. Pt characteristics include 16 pts with stage IV disease (27%), 2 after allo-transplantation (3.3%), 4 with bone marrow involvement (6.7%), 8 with CNS involvement (13%), and 7 received prior PD-1 antibody treatment (12%). The performance status of 52 of the 60 patients (87%) was Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group score 0 at time of infusion. The study included two treatment cohorts: 30 pts received single 4SCAR19 cells, and 30 pts received CAR2.0 targeting CD19 plus an additional target, depending on the individual pt’s tumor antigen staining results. In the DLBCL cohort, 25 pts received single target 4SCAR19 cell infusion, at an average dose of 1.42x106 CART cells/kg, and resulted in 7 complete response (CR), 9 partial response (PR), 3 stable disease (SD) and 6 progressive disease (PD). The other 17 DLBCL pts received dual target CART infusions (CD19 plus CD20, CD22, CD38 or CD70) at an average dose of 2.32x106 CART cells/kg, and resulted in 7 CR, 8 PR ,1 SD and 1 PD. The 5 FL pts received dual target CD19+CD22 CART infusions, at an average dose of 4.64x106 CAR-T cells/kg, and resulted in 4 CR, and 1 PR. The 10 PMBCL pts, 3 received single target 4SCAR19 cell infusions, at an average dose of 2.85x106 CART cells/kg, and resulted in 1 PR and 2 PD; the other 7 PMBCL pts received dual target CART infusions (CD19+CD22, CD30, or CD20), at an average dose of 4.87x106 CART cells/kg, and resulted in 4 CR, 2 PR and 1 PD. The MALT pt received double CART cell infusions, 2.8x106 4SCAR19 cells/kg and 2x106 4SCAR-PSMA cells/kg, and achieved PR. None of these pts developed greater than grade 2 CRS response, except for 1 DLBCL pt, who achieved CR following a grade 3 CRS. The toxicity profile of the 4SCART is consistent with our previous experience with B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In summary, the comparison between single versus double CART cell infusions clearly illustrates an increased response rate for the double CART cohorts, either in DLBCL pts or in all lymphoma pts, as illustrated in the summary pie graphs below.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the multi-target 4SCAR2.0 therapy for the treatment of highly resistant lymphomas have demonstrated increased safety and improved response rate with this novel approach. There is clear overall clinical benefit with the multi-target CART regimen as compared with the single CD19 CART treatment. Continued follow-up will verify whether the 4SCAR2.0 therapy regimen can achieve long term overall survival.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
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