Session: 901. Health Services Research—Non-Malignant Conditions: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
sickle cell disease, Diseases, Pediatric, Hemoglobinopathies, Study Population
Study Design and Methods: Engage-HU is a randomized control trial (NCT03442114) to assess how clinicians can engage caregivers in a shared discussion that considers their values and preferences and includes evidence that supports HU. Engage-HU compares two dissemination methods for clinicians to facilitate shared decision-making with caregivers of young children with SCD: 1) the American Society of Hematology Pocket Guide, and 2) the HU Shared-Decision Making (H-SDM) Toolkit. The study aims to recruit 174 caregivers and evaluate the effectiveness of the dissemination methods on patient-centered outcomes (caregiver confidence in decision-making and perceptions of experiencing shared decision-making) as well as HU uptake and child health outcomes. Eligible children are aged 0 to 5 years, candidates for HU, and their caregiver has not made a decision about HU in the past 3 months. The trial is being conducted at 9 sites in the United States and uses a stepped-wedge design. Data will be analyzed based on the intent-to-treat principle. All participants will remain in the arm of the study to which they were randomized, regardless of whether or not they receive the assigned dissemination method. The primary endpoints are caregiver decisional uncertainty and caregiver perception of shared decision-making measured using validated tools. Data will be analyzed using a linear mixed effects regression model with a robust variance estimator and maximum likelihood estimation with observations clustered within site.
The Engage-HU trial includes adaptations to increase recruitment such as tailored messaging, a relational recruitment approach, streamlined data collection, and a Stakeholder Advisory Committee. However, even with these adaptations, the first 6-months of the trial yielded lower than anticipated recruitment. Rather than terminate the trial or accept low enrollment, the research team implemented a series of recruitment strategies to address barriers including helping to improve research coordinator knowledge of the study purpose and adjusting no-show and follow-up procedures (e.g., calls to families after missed appointments and reminder calls before appointments). Site clinicians and clinic staff were provided with additional training so they could give more context about Engage-HU to caregivers and the study principal investigator led monthly “all coordinator” calls to provide support by sharing updates and experiences about successful recruitment. Implementation of these strategies resulted in triple the number of enrollments over the next 7-months compared to the previous 6-months (Table 1). Our goal in sharing this information is to provide lessons learned that can be implemented in future trials with the systematically underserved SCD population. It is also anticipated that methods described here may also inform clinical approaches to better engage caregivers of young children around critical clinical conversations, such as initiating medications like HU.
Disclosures: King: Magenta Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bioline: Consultancy; RiverVest: Consultancy; Novimmune: Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy; Tioma Therapuetics: Consultancy; Amphivena Therapeutics: Research Funding; WUGEN: Current equity holder in private company; Cell Works: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy. Smith-Whitley: Prime: Other: Education material; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Global Blood Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Neumayr: Emmaus: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy; CTD Holdings: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy; ApoPharma: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Micelle: Other: Site principal investigator; GBT: Other: Site principal investigator; PCORI: Other: site principal investigator; Novartis: Other: co-investigator; Bluebird Bio: Other: co-investigator; Sangamo Therapeutics: Other; Silarus: Other; Celgene: Other; La Jolla Pharmaceuticals: Other; Forma: Other; Imara: Other; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: Other; Health Resources and Services Administration: Other; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Other; Seattle Children's Research: Other. Yates: Novartis: Research Funding. Thompson: Beam: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Agios: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding; Baxalta: Research Funding; Biomarin: Research Funding; bluebird bio, Inc.: Consultancy, Research Funding.
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