Session: 626. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)—Results from Prospective Clinical Trials: Incorporating novel agents and new adoptive cell therapy approaches
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Diseases, Therapies, Combinations, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, B-Cell Lymphoma, Lymphoid Malignancies
Methods: Relapsed/refractory (R/R) B-cell NHL pts, excluding MCL and CLL/SLL, with adequate organ function were eligible. A phase I “3+3” design was used to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of 4 dose-levels (DLs) of dose-escalated venetoclax (200mg, 400mg, 600mg, and 800mg) PO D2-14 (starts cycle 2 for DL1) in combination with fixed-dose ibrutinib 560mg PO D1-14, prednisone 100mg PO D1-7, obinutuzumab 1000mg IV D1-2, and lenalidomide 15mg PO D1-14. A phase II expansion in R/R DLBCL and FL was included at the MTD. Up to 6 cycles of ViPOR every 21-days was given without maintenance. TLS and PCP prophylaxis was given to all pts and VTE prophylaxis and G-CSF use was per investigator discretion. Baseline CT, PET, BM and tumor biopsy was performed with CT scans after cycles 1, 2, 4, and 6 and PET after cycle 6 or at time of suspected CR. Surveillance CT was performed q3m for 1y, q4m x 1y, q6m x 1y, then annually x 2y.
Results: 53 pts were enrolled and treated; 17 in dose-escalation and 36 in dose-expansion. NHL subtypes included DLBCL (23), FL (19), HGBCL “double-hit” (9), and MZL (2). Of 32 aggressive pts, 34% transformed from indolent NHL. Median age was 57y (range 29-83) with stage III/IV disease in 89%, elevated LDH in 68%, and >2 EN sites in 57%. Median prior therapies was 3 (range 1-9) with 45% of pts refractory (i.e. <PR) to last therapy.
A single dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of G3 intracranial hemorrhage occurred at DL1 with concomitant enoxaparin and ASA. No other DLTs occurred and venetoclax 800mg was used in expansion. Heme AEs (% cycles) were most common and included thrombocytopenia (23%), neutropenia (23%) and anemia (7%). G-CSF was used in 92% of pts and 89% of cycles with only 3 (6%) cases of febrile neutropenia. Non-heme AEs (% pts) were mainly G1-2 and included diarrhea (67%), hypokalemia (56%), nausea (52%), and rash (42%). Most common G3-4 non-heme AEs included hypokalemia (19%), diarrhea (8%), and a.fib/flutter (6%). G4 TLS occurred in 1 pt with HGBCL after the first venetoclax dose and was successfully treated without further TLS upon continued treatment. Dose reductions and delays occurred in 8% and 9% of cycles, respectively.
Of 53 total patients, 51 completed 1C of therapy with restaging CT and tumor reduction occurred in 90% of pts overall (Fig 1A). Of 44 pts who are now off therapy, 43 were evaluable for response with an ORR of 70% and 49% CR, with responses across all DLs and NHL subtypes. In 27 pts with aggressive NHL, ORR was 56% with 37% CR. Based on DLBCL subtype by IHC, ORR and CR rate was 62% (8/13) and 54% (7/13) in non-GCB and 50% (7/14) and 21% (3/14) in GCB DLBCL, respectively. In 16 pts with indolent NHL, ORR was 94% with 69% CR. ORR and CR rate was 52% (11/21) and 29% (6/21) in refractory pts and 86% (19/22) and 68% (15/22) in relapsed pts, respectively. ORR was 40% with 30% CR in 10 patients who failed prior CAR-T and completed ViPOR therapy. With a median potential f/u of 13m, median TTR and DOR was 0.8m and NR, respectively, with 25 (69%) of 36 responses ongoing. 5 pts relapsed after CR, including 2 non-GCB at 3m and 6m, 1 HGBCL at 5m, 1 FL at 6m, and 1 MZL at 16m. Median PFS and OS was 9m and NR, respectively; 20m and NR in indolent NHL, 3m and 13m in GCB, and 7m and 13m in non-GCB DLBCL (Fig 1B).
Conclusions: ViPOR is safe without unexpected toxicities observed. Most common AEs were hematologic with rare febrile neutropenia and no severe infections observed when given with G-CSF prophylaxis. ViPOR induces durable CRs without maintenance therapy, including refractory and post CAR-T pts. Molecular analyses are ongoing and will be presented at the meeting.
Disclosures: Portell: Infinity: Research Funding; Roche/Genentech: Consultancy, Research Funding; Xencor: Research Funding; Kite: Consultancy, Research Funding; TG Therapeutics: Research Funding; AbbVie: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy; BeiGene: Consultancy, Research Funding; Acerta/AstraZeneca: Research Funding.
OffLabel Disclosure: Off-label use of the combination of venetoclax, ibrutinib, prednisone, obinutuzumab and lenalidomide in relapsed/refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
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