-Author name in bold denotes the presenting author
-Asterisk * with author name denotes a Non-ASH member
Clinically Relevant Abstract denotes an abstract that is clinically relevant.

PhD Trainee denotes that this is a recommended PHD Trainee Session.

Ticketed Session denotes that this is a ticketed session.

2661 Glycoside Residues on Platelet’s Surface Regulate Platelet Function, Apoptosis and Binding of Coagulation Complexes in Patients with Immune Thrombocytopaenia

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 311. Disorders of Platelet Number or Function: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
apoptosis, Adult, Diseases, Bleeding and Clotting, Hemostasis, ITP, Biological Processes, Study Population, Clinically relevant
Monday, December 7, 2020, 7:00 AM-3:30 PM

Nora V. Butta, PhD1*, María Teresa Alvarez Román, MD, PhD1*, Elena Monzón Manzano2*, Paula Acuña3*, Mónica Martín3*, María Isabel Rivas Pollmar3*, Raul Justo Sanz3*, Elena G Arias-Salgado, PhD4*, Sara García Barcenilla4*, Tamara Cebanu4*, Elena González Zorrilla4*, Miguel A Canales, MD, PhD1,5 and Victor Jimenez-Yuste, Medical Degree. PhD4,5*

1Hematology and Hemotherapy Unit, La Paz University Hospital-IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain
2Hospital Universitario La Paz-IdiPaz, Madrid, Spain
3Hospital Universitario La Paz-Idipaz, Madrid, Spain
4Hospital Universitario La Paz-IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain
5Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Introduction: Platelet surface glycoproteins (GPs) are highly glycosylated and are key elements for platelet function since most of them constitute receptors for adhesion ligands. However, exact role of their glycan composition is not clear. Under normal conditions, platelets contain sialic acid in the carbohydrate side chains of their GPs, and it has been described that alterations in the degree of their sialinization can affect the clearance of platelets. This mechanism has been proposed as involved in etiopathogenesis of immune thrombocytopaenia (ITP), mainly in those patients who do not respond to treatments. Thus, after the loss of sialic acid, there would be a greater exposure of galactose and of N-acetyl-glucosamine residues on the surface of circulating platelets to hepatic Ashwell-Morell receptors, which could induce their phagocytosis and platelet clearance. On the other hand, procoagulant platelets, defined as the platelet subpopulation that binds functional prothrombinase, exposed on their surface increased levels of P-selectin and GPIb, two glycan rich GPs. So, it is tempting to speculate that changes in glycan residues on platelet surface may induce changes in their function.

Aim: We aimed to assess in ITP patients whether changes in platelet glycosylation, mainly the loss of sialic acid, may condition platelet function, apoptosis and binding of prothrombinase complex.

Methods: This is an observational, prospective and transversal study approved by Ethics Committee from La Paz University Hospital. One hundred and eight patients with chronic primary ITP (68 with a platelet count ≥30x103 platelets/µL and 40 with a platelet count <30x103 platelets/µL) and 132 healthy controls were included after signing the informed consent.

Platelet activation markers were determined in platelet rich plasma; whereas platelet glycosylation, binding of prothrombinase, annexin V and caspase’s activities were assayed in washed platelets. Samples were analyzed by flow cytometry. Table 1 shows lectins tested and their sugar-binding specificity.

Data were analyzed with GraphPad Prism 6.0 software.

Results: Platelets from ITP patients with a platelet count <30x103/µL exposed less sialic acid in correspondence to an enhanced binding of lectins to non-sialylated residues. Moreover, levels of α1,6-Fucose, a glycan residue which could directly regulate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, and of α-Mannose, which could be recognized by the mannose binding lectin and activate complement pathway, were increased in platelets from these ITP patients. In accordance, sialic acid loss and consequent platelet surface exposure of other glycoside residues were inversely related to platelet count and ability to be activated (Table 1).

These differences in glycosylation observed in ITP patients with a platelet count <30x103/µL were accompanied by a less ability of platelets to be activated (Figure 1), an increased exposure of phosphatidylserine and higher caspase activites (Figure 2). Moreover, increased exposure of phosphatidylserine and of N-acetyl-glucosamine residues (measured through the binding of WGA) enhanced binding of prothrombinase complex (Figure 3).

Conclusion: Changes in glycoside composition of GPs on platelet’s surface impaired their functional capacity, increases their apoptosis and modifies conditions for the binding of coagulation proteins. These modifications in platelet’s glycoside residues seem to be related to severity of ITP.

This work was supported by grants from FIS-FONDOS FEDER (PI19/00772) and and Platelet Disorder Support Association. EMM holds a predoctoral fellowship from Fundación Española de Trombosis y Hemostasia (FETH-SETH).

Disclosures: Butta: Grifols: Research Funding; Novartis: Speakers Bureau; ROCHE: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Pfizer: Speakers Bureau; SOBI: Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; NovoNordisk: Speakers Bureau. Alvarez Román: Grifols: Research Funding; Bayer: Consultancy; Novartis: Speakers Bureau; Roche: Speakers Bureau; Pfizer,: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; SOBI,: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; NovoNordisk,: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau. Martín: SOBI: Research Funding; Pfizer: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Roche: Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Speakers Bureau; NovoNordisk: Speakers Bureau. Rivas Pollmar: Novartis: Speakers Bureau; Roche: Speakers Bureau; Pfizer: Speakers Bureau. Justo Sanz: Takeda: Current Employment. García Barcenilla: NovoNordisk: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Pfizer,: Speakers Bureau; Roche: Speakers Bureau; Bayer: Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Speakers Bureau. Canales: Celgene: Honoraria; Janssen: Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Honoraria; Roche: Honoraria; Gilead: Honoraria; Sandoz: Honoraria; iQone: Honoraria; Takeda: Speakers Bureau; Sandoz: Speakers Bureau; Roche: Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Speakers Bureau; Sandoz: Honoraria; Roche: Honoraria; Takeda: Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Honoraria; Sandoz: Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm: Honoraria; Roche: Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Honoraria; Karyopharm: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria. Jimenez-Yuste: F. Hoffman-La Roche Ltd, Novo Nordisk, Takeda, Sobi, Pfizer, Grifols, Octapharma, CSL Behring, Bayer: Honoraria; F. Hoffman-La Roche Ltd, Novo Nordisk, Takeda, Sobi, Pfizer: Consultancy; Grifols, Novo Nordisk, Takeda, Sobi, Pfizer: Research Funding.

*signifies non-member of ASH