Session: 605. Molecular Pharmacology, Drug Resistance—Lymphoid and Other Diseases: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
apoptosis, cell division, Biological Processes
Using two different gene expression datasets, we demonstrate that NUDT1, the gene encoding MTH1, was highly upregulated in tumor biopsies from patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and Burkitt's lymphoma as compared to follicular lymphoma and peripheral blood B cells from healthy donors, hence demonstrating a rationale for targeting MTH1 in aggressive B-cell lymphoma. We tested the efficacy of karonudib (0.06-1 µM) in vitro in a range of B-cell lymphoma cell lines using CellTiterGlo and by flow cytometry detection of active caspase-3 and TUNEL to identify apoptotic cells. Karonudib strongly reduced viability in all B-cell lymphoma cell lines tested (n = 12) and induced apoptosis at concentrations well tolerated by peripheral blood B cells from healthy donors. Cell cycle analysis and microscopy revealed that most cells arrested in prometaphase in the presence of karonudib. Failed spindle assembly led to mitotic arrest and subsequent apoptosis. Prometaphase arrest was seen in TP53 mutant as well as in TP53 wild type cell lines, confirming that karonudib induced apoptosis independent of TP53 mutational status. To test the efficacy of karonudib in vivo, we utilized two different lymphoma xenograft models, including an ABC DLBCL patient-derived model. Mice were treated with karonudib (90 mg/kg) or vehicle b.i.d, three times a week and tumor growth was monitored by in vivo imaging system or MR. In both models, karonudib as single agent completely controlled tumor growth, and significantly prolonged survival (p<0.0001, as compared to control mice).
The specificity of MTH1 inhibitors has been debated and TH588, the first generation MTH1 inhibitor, was recently shown to bind b-tubulin and induce mitotic arrest in MTH1 knock out cell lines (Patterson et al, Cell Syst 2019). To elucidate the mechanism of karonudib in B-cell lymphoma, we generated MTH1 knock out cells using CRISPR/Cas9, and compared the functional effects of karonudib in these clones with the original lymphoma cells. We demonstrated on-target effect of the inhibitor as the MTH1 knock out clones were less sensitive towards karonudib. However, MTH1 knock out clones exhibited a similar cell cycle arrest as the wild type cells after karonudib treatment. This clearly indicates that karonudib can induce cell cycle arrest independent of MTH1, and hence has a dual mechanism of action.
Our preclinical data suggest that karonudib is a promising drug with potential therapeutic use in B-cell lymphoma, and may be particular effective in aggressive lymphoma types.
Disclosures: Warpman Berglund: Oxcia AB: Other: shareholders; non profit Thomas Helleday Foundation for Medical Research: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties. Gad: Oxcia: Other: shareholder; non profit Thomas Helleday Foundation for Medical Research: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties. Pham: Oxcia AB: Other: Shareholder. Sanjiv: Oxcia AB: Other: Shareholder; non profit Thomas Helleday Foundation for Medical Research: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties. Helleday: Oxcia AB: Other: Shareholder; non profit Thomas Helleday Foundation for Medical Research: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties.
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