-Author name in bold denotes the presenting author
-Asterisk * with author name denotes a Non-ASH member
Clinically Relevant Abstract denotes an abstract that is clinically relevant.

PhD Trainee denotes that this is a recommended PHD Trainee Session.

Ticketed Session denotes that this is a ticketed session.

428 Burden of Illness Among Medicare and Non-Medicare Populations with Acquired Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura, 2010-2018

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 901. Health Services Research—Non-Malignant Conditions II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Bleeding and Clotting, Diseases, Thrombosis, Clinically relevant, Thrombocytopenias
Sunday, December 6, 2020: 1:00 PM

Laurence Pollissard1*, Anne Shah2*, Rajeshwari Punekar3*, Allison Petrilla2* and Huy P Pham, MD, MPH4*

1Sanofi, Chilly-Mazarin, France
2Avalere Health, Washington, DC
3Sanofi, Cambridge, MA
4Department of Pathology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA

Background and Objective

Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (aTTP) is a rare hematologic disorder that causes microvascular thromboses and can lead to serious and life-threatening medical complications. The aim of this study was to describe aTTP-related resource utilization, cost, complications, and overall survival (OS) among US Medicare and non-Medicare populations following aTTP episodes.


This retrospective study utilized administrative claims data for Medicare Fee-for-Service (FFS) beneficiaries (100% sample) and a sample of commercial, managed Medicaid [MM], Medicare Advantage [MA] plan members from the Inovalon MORE2 Registry. Patients aged 18+ with aTTP were identified using a validated algorithm (Wahl et al, 2010): ≥1 hospitalization for thrombotic microangiopathy + therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) between 2010 and 2018. Patients with hemolytic-uremic syndrome or other conditions mimicking aTTP during same hospitalization were excluded. Outcomes included characterization of index hospitalization (including length of stay), diagnosis-related group (DRG) payment amount (2019 US$ [Medicare payments also included outlier payments]), and risk of mortality. OS was compared for Medicare FFS patients with aTTP to a 1:1 matched cohort of Medicare FFS beneficiaries without aTTP (matched on age, gender, region, index year, socioeconomic status, disability insurance benefits, and Charlson comorbidity index score). Median survival time and 1-year/2-year survival rates were estimated using Kaplan Meier methodology and hazard ratio was obtained using Cox proportional hazard model. In a subgroup analysis of aTTP patients across payer channels with at least 6 months of baseline and 1 month of follow-up data, percentage of patients with readmission for TPE (exacerbation if <30 days post-discharge; relapse if >30 days post-discharge) and rate of post-discharge clinical complications per 100 person-years was calculated.


During the 9-year period, 2,279 patients met the study criteria for aTTP; 65.2% (N=1,486) were enrolled in Medicare FFS: 13.6% (N=312) in commercial, 15.7% (N=358) in MM, and 5.4% (N=123) in MA. Mean (SD) age (in years) varied by payers as expected: Medicare FFS: 65.9 (13.9); MA: 63.8 (13.6); commercial: 45.0 (14.3); MM: 37.5 (14.0). Mean (SD) hospitalization for index event ranged from 12.4 (9.4) to 15.8 (11.8) days; majority of patients required intensive care (Medicare FFS: 61.4% [mean (SD) ICU days: 8.3 (8.2)]; MA: 61.8%; commercial: 62.2%; MM: 60.1%). Among Medicare FFS patients, 15.7% died during initial hospitalization and 21.0% died within first 30 days of the event (mean (SD) time to death: 11.7 (7.2) days). Among matched cohorts of Medicare patients with and without aTTP (N=833 in each cohort), OS was lower for patients with aTTP (Figure 1). Specifically, 1-year survival rates among aTTP patients was 71.8% (95% CI: 68.6%–74.8%) vs. 95.6% (94.0%–96.8%) for those without aTTP. Two-year survival rates among aTTP patients was 66.6% (63.2%–69.8%) vs. 91.1% (88.8%–92.9%) for those without aTTP. Risk of mortality was 2.9 times higher for patients with aTTP vs. without aTTP (95% CI: 2.4–3.4). Mean (SD) DRG payment for index hospitalization varied by payers: Medicare FFS: $29,024 ($32,565); MA: $12,860 ($6,981); commercial: $9,996 ($5,995); MM: $10,470 ($7,370). During follow-up, 18.4%–22.4% of patients experienced aTTP-related exacerbation [Medicare FFS: 18.4%; MA: 21.9%; commercial: 22.4% and MM: 22.2%]. Annual incidence rate of relapse per 100 person-years was 5.6 [Medicare FFS: 3.6; MA: 8.7; commercial: 10.4 and MM: 14.7] and annual incidence rate of complications per 100 person-years was 16.7 [Medicare FFS: 15.5; MA: 20.5; commercial: 21.7 and MM: 19.1].


This is the first real-world study evaluating burden of illness among aTTP patients in the US across payer types. Despite being treated with TPE, patients with aTTP have high acute mortality and are nearly three times as likely to die compared with the general Medicare population without aTTP. During the initial hospitalization, many required intensive care. Following discharge, approximately 1 in 5 was readmitted within 30 days and had higher incidence for clinical complications associated with aTTP. The study findings highlight the need for more effective therapies to reduce disease burden for this population.

Disclosures: Pollissard: Sanofi: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Shah: Avalere Health: Current Employment. Punekar: Sanofi: Other: Employee of Sanofi at the time of study and may hold stock/stock options in Sanofi. Petrilla: Avalere Health: Current Employment. Pham: Sanofi: Consultancy; Alexion: Other: Speaker.

*signifies non-member of ASH