Session: 613. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Clinical Studies: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
AML, Diseases, Young Adult, Study Population, Myeloid Malignancies
Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of 160 patients with high-risk AML hospitalized to receive intensive chemotherapy who were enrolled in a randomized control trial of palliative care (PC) intervention versus standard oncology care. Patients with newly diagnosed, relapsed, or refractory AML receiving intensive treatment requiring a 4-6 week hospitalization were enrolled in the study. We used the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Leukemia (FACT-Leu), the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist to assess QOL, symptom burden, and psychological distress respectively. Assessments were administered at baseline, week-2, and week-4 following initiation of chemotherapy. We used descriptive statistics to compare PROs at baseline between YAs (< 40 years) and older adults. We used linear regression models controlling for PC intervention effect when examining the association between age (YAs versus older adults) and PROs at week-2. We used linear mixed effect models controlling for randomization to the PC intervention to assess the association between age and PROs longitudinally throughout the hospitalization.
Results: Of the 160 patients with high-risk AML enrolled in this study, 14 (8.8%) were YAs < 40 years. Demographic characteristics highlight that the majority of YAs had relapsed AML (n=10, 71.4%) and there was a greater presence of racial and ethnic diversity compared to older adults. The baseline mean QOL score for YAs was 110.5 (SD 34.2). Overall, 57.1% (8/14) reported clinically significant anxiety and 50% (7/14) reported clinically significant PTSD symptoms at baseline. Fewer YA patients, 21.4% (3/14) reported clinically significant depression. Evaluation of PROs at week-2 nadir adjusted for randomization to the PC intervention, highlighted a significant lower QOL (β=-18.27; p=0.036), higher anxiety (β=2.72; p=0.048), and higher PTSD symptoms (β=10.34; p=0.007) for YAs compared to older adults. Longitudinal analyses exploring the impact of age on PROs across induction hospitalization demonstrated that YAs had consistently significant higher anxiety (β=3.66; p=0.024) and PTSD symptoms (β=15.64; p<0.001) compared to older adults [Figure 1].
Conclusions: For YAs with AML undergoing induction chemotherapy, anxiety and PTSD symptoms are highly prevalent both at baseline and longitudinally throughout the induction hospitalization. This demonstrates a continued unmet need of the significant psychological distress and intensified hospitalization experience for YAs compared to their older counterparts. Given that distress during induction hospitalization can be predictive of post-treatment outcomes, it is imperative to tailor integrated supportive care and psychosocial interventions for YAs with AML during induction chemotherapy.
Disclosures: Walker: Geron: Research Funding; Newave Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding. Bhatnagar: KaryoPharm Therapuetics: Research Funding; Cell Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Astellas: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; KITE: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.
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