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783 Characterization of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Addback Following CD34 Enrichment, Engraftment and T and NK Cells Immune Reconstitution in Patients with High Risk Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) (IND 14359)

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 113. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia—New Genetic Approaches to Sickle Cell Disease: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
sickle cell disease, Biological, Diseases, Therapies, Hemoglobinopathies, transplantation, stem cells
Saturday, December 5, 2020, 7:00 AM-3:30 PM

Yaya Chu, PhD1*, Julie-An Talano, MD2, Lee Ann Baxter-Lowe, PhD3, Carolyn A. Keever-Taylor, PhD4, Erin Morris, RN, BSN1*, Harshini Mahanti, BS, MSCR1*, Janet Ayello, MS, MT(ASCP)1*, Bryon Johnson, PhD5, Rona Singer Weinberg, PhD6, Qiuhu Shi, PhD7*, Theodore B. Moore, MD8, Sandra Fabricatore, RN, PNP, MSN1*, Brenda J. Grossman, MD9, Carmella van de Ven, MA1*, Shalini Shenoy, MD10 and Mitchell S Cairo, MD1

1Pediatrics, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY
2Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
3Pathology, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
4Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
5Division of Hematology, Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
6New York Blood Center, New York, NY
7Biostatistics, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY
8UCLA Division of Pediatric Hematology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
9Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO
10Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO


CD3/CD19 cell depletion (Barfiled RC, et al, Cytotherapy, 2004), αβ T-cell/CD19 cell depletion (Locatelli F, et al, Blood, 2017), CD34+ positive selection (Aversa F, et al, NEJM, 1998) are designed to deplete T cells and reduce AGVHD following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (AlloSCT). These approaches achieved low rates of AGVHD, but the grafts had few T and B cells. To improve immune reconstitution we undertook an alternative approach to addback small numbers and percentages of immune cells in the final HSCT product. We previously reported a very low incidence of AGVHD in pediatric recipients receiving CD34 enriched HPC products with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) addback containing a fixed dose of 2 x 105 CD3/kg from MUD donors (Geyer/Cairo et al, BJH, 2012). Recently we demonstrated that despite a 5 log depletion of T cells, PBMNC addback (fixed at 2 x 105 CD3/kg) facilitated rapid hematopoietic engraftment, high levels of donor chimerism and immune reconstitution with a low probability of Grade II-IV AGVHD. Patients had a 1 yr OS of 90% following familial haploidentical (FHI) CD34 Enriched Stem Cell Transplantation in patients with SCD (Cairo, JAMA Pediatr, 2020).


To determine the final immune cell concentration following CD34 enrichment and PBMNC (2 x 105 CD3/kg) addback and determine the effect on engraftment and T and NK cell immune reconstitution.


Patients and/or their guardians signed written informed consents and/or assents (NCT NCT02675959). CD34+ enrichment was performed using a CD34+ reagent system (CliniMACS; Miltenyi Biotec). Mononuclear cells (2 × 105 CD3 cells/kg of recipient body weight) were removed from the leukapheresis collection prior to CD34+ enrichment and were cryopreserved as a source of MNC addback (T cells). The addback products were analyzed for CD3+CD56- T cells, CD3-CD56+ NK cells, CD3+CD56+ NKT cells, Lin-CD123+ HLA-DR+ DC cells and Lin-CD11c+ HLA-DR+ DC cells by multicolor flow cytometry analysis. Th1/Th2 cytokines were measured by multiplex assays. T cell activity was measured by viral T cells IFN-g and plasma cytokines. NK function was measured by NK receptor expression by flow cytometry analysis and in vitro cytotoxicity.


We identified in the PBMNC addback, mean+SEM white blood cell (WBC) percentage of: CD3+ CD56- T cells = 56.4±5%; CD3- CD56+ NK cells = 4.6±1%; CD3+ CD56+ NKT cells = 5.1±0.6%; CD19+ B cells = 29.9±3.5%. Lin- WBC consisted of: CD123+ HLA-DR+ DC cells = 18.4±8.2%; CD11c+ HLA-DR+ DC cells = 6.0±3.0%. There were 20.0+9.1e6 T cells, 1.1+0.3e6 NK cells, 1.6+0.7 e6 NKT cells, 8.6+2.5e6 B cells, 1.2+0.6e6 CD123+DC and 0.8+0.5e6 CD11c DC in the final infused products (Fig.1). We found that percentages of IFN-g+ in CD4 cells in response to CMV (pp65), ADV (hexon) and EBV (BZLF1), ranged from 0.2%+0.1% to 0.5%+0.1%, while percentages of IFN-g+ in CD8 cells in response to the antigens ranged from 0.7%+0.3% to 3.7%+1.8% when examined at days 180, 270 and 365. NK (CD3- CD56+) reconstitution was extremely rapid and occurred as early as day 30 (35.5±8.6%, 2710 +1624.4 cells/ul total cells; p<0.01 vs pre-t). There were no significant differences pre-HSCT vs day 365 in plasma cytokines (Th1 and Th2) and growth factors released including IFN-g, TNF-a, IL-18, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, G-CSF, MCP-1 and MIP1a. There was also robust expression of NK receptor expression including NK cytotoxicity receptors, NK KIR receptors, and C-type lectin-like receptors at day 30 as compared to pre-HSCT. NK cytotoxicity, as measured using PBMC cells from recipients at different time points against K562 (E:T=10:1), was also significantly increased at day 30 (26.2±2.8%) and day 180 (28.3±3%) vs pre-HSCT (16.1±2.1%) (p<0.01). As a NK cell activation marker, CD107a expression and granzyme B levels in gated NK cells peaked at day 30.


PBMNC addback to CD34 enriched HPC products, with a final dose of 2 × 105 CD3 cells/kg, led to stem cell products with a diverse mixture of T, NK, NKT, DC1, and DC2 cells. Immune reconstitution following PBMNC addback to CD34 enriched cells resulted in excellent CD4 and CD8 responses to CMV, ADV and EBV, and rapid functional NK cell reconstitution (Supported by FDA R01FD004090 (MSC)).

Disclosures: Baxter-Lowe: CHLA: Current Employment, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties: Patents related to HLA typing, Research Funding. Johnson: Miltenyi Biotec: Research Funding; Cell Vault: Research Funding. Cairo: Miltenyi: Research Funding; Technology Inc/Miltenyi Biotec: Research Funding; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Nektar Pharmaceuticals: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding.

*signifies non-member of ASH