Session: 101. Red Cells and Erythropoiesis, Structure and Function, Metabolism, and Survival, Excluding Iron: Mechanisms, Diagnosis and Treatment of Inherited
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Anemias, Biological, Diseases, aplastic anemia, Therapies, Genetic Disorders, red blood cells, Biological Processes, gene therapy, Technology and Procedures, Cell Lineage, erythropoiesis, gene editing, stem cells
We developed a knock-in approach to insert either a TurboGFP expression cassette or a promotor-less therapeutic codon optimized RPK cDNA (coRPK) at the genomic starting site of the PKLR gene, a gene editing strategy that will correct most of the mutations present in PKD patients. This gene editing approach combines RNP nucleofection and adeno-associated viral vector (AAV6) mediated delivery of homologous donors. In order to assess the safety of the proposed gene editing approach, we performed GUIDE-Seq and rhAmpSeqTM analyses of different single guide RNAs targeting the PKLR starting site. We found PKLR sgRNAs that showed a high targeting efficiency, up to 40% targeted hematopoietic progenitors (in vitro semisolid colony forming units) and a safety profile, with no off-targets detected above threshold values (0.1%) and in the absence of cellular toxicity, when applied to healthy cord blood CD34+ (CB-CD34+) cells. These gene-edited CB-CD34+ cells engrafted efficiently in both primary and secondary immunodeficient NSG recipient mice, demonstrating the gene editing in long-term hematopoietic repopulating HSCs. Furthermore, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of this gene editing strategy to restore the energetic imbalance in erythroid cells derived from PKD patients. CD34+ cells from 4 different PKD patients, were purified, nucleofected with PKLR sgRNA and transduced with AAV-coRPK donor. In vitro differentiated erythroid cells derived from edited PKD CD34+ expressed coRPK mRNA and restored their energetic defect up to normal values obtained in in vitro differentiated erythroid cells from healthy donor cells. Moreover, gene edited mobilized Peripheral Blood CD34+ (mPB-CD34+) cells from a PKD patient engrafted efficiently in immunodeficient NBSGW mice, having human cells that showed the specific integration of coRPK donor 2 months post-transplant. Overall, these results demonstrate the feasibility and safety of PKLR gene editing in human HSPCs and, therefore, its potential clinical application for the treatment of PKD patients.
Disclosures: Dever: Integral Medicines: Current Employment. Turk: Integrated DNA Technologies, Inc. (IDT): Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Bianchi: Agios Pharmaceuticals: Other: Scientific Advisor. Behlke: Integrated DNA Technologies, Inc. (IDT): Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Bueren: Rocket Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Other: Consultant for Rocket Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and has licensed medicinal products and receives research funding and equity from this company., Patents & Royalties, Research Funding. Segovia: Rocket Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Other: Consultant for Rocket Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and has licensed medicinal products and receives research funding and equity from the Company., Patents & Royalties, Research Funding.
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