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1473 Reduced-Intensity Versus Myeloablative Conditioning for Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Patients with Myelodysplastic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials & Cohort Studies

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Diseases, Therapies, MDS, Clinically relevant, Myeloid Malignancies, transplantation
Saturday, December 5, 2020, 7:00 AM-3:30 PM

Arshia Akbar, MD, MBBS1*, Zunairah Shah, MBBS2*, Muhammad Ali Aziz, MD3*, Muhammad Yasir Anwar4*, Saman Bahram5*, Waqas Khan6*, Zahoor Ahmed, MD4*, Qasim Khurshid, MD7*, Abdul Jabbar Dar, MD8*, Anum Javaid, MD9*, Neelam Asghar10*, Harsh Patel11* and Faiz Anwer, MD12

1Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
2Department of Internal Medicine, Louis A Weiss Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL
3King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
4Department of Internal Medicine, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
5Dow university of Health Sciences, karachi, Pakistan
6Army medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
7Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China
8Shaikh Zayed Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
9rawalpindi medical university, rawalpindi, Pakistan
10allama iqbal medical college, lahore, Pakistan
11Department of Internal Medicine, Louis A Weiss memorial hospital, chicago
12Taussig Cancer Institute, Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH

Conditioning regimen given before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) contributes significantly to the outcomes following transplant for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimens are often associated with a lower risk of relapse; however, their use is often limited by toxicity and a higher risk of non-relapse mortality (NRM). Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens are associated with a higher risk of relapse, a lower NRM, a lower incidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD), and hence is feasible in patients with advanced age or comorbidities. This study highlights the importance of the difference between the two interventions used in allo-HSCT for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).
We conducted a comprehensive literature search using PubMed, Clinicaltrial.gov, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science on 5th May 2020 with no restriction of language or period. Initial research revealed 1698 articles. After excluding review articles, duplicates, and non-relevant articles, we included two randomized clinical trials and three cohort studies, which reported overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), relapse incidence (RI), and incidence of acute and chronic (GVHD). Based on inclusion criteria, two randomized clinical trials (BMT CTN 0901 Trial Scott et al. 2017 & EBMT RICMAC Trial Kroger et al. 2017) and three cohort studies (BBMT 55226 Park et al. 2018, BBMT Orozco et al. 2019, BMT Alatrash et al. 2019) were included.
Among combined MDS and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients (n=1188) enrolled in 5 studies, 651 patients had MDS. Patients underwent MAC (n=484) or RIC (n=692) followed by either a matched related donor (MRD), n=236, or matched unrelated donor (MUD), n=236, allo-HCT. The median age range at the time of transplant was 50-54 years
The use of RIC causes statistically non-significant trend of improved overall survival (OS) (OR 1.11: 95% CI: 0.74-1.67, p-value= 0.61) along with more risk of relapse incidence (RI) (R 1.34: 95% CI: 0.56-3.18, p value= 0.51), and reduced relapse free survival (RFS) (OR 0.88, 95% CI: 0.55-1.44: p value= 0.59). Differences were found in terms of safety of both conditioning regimens. MAC allo-HCT have more acute GVHD, grade 3 and 4 (OR 0.66: 95% CI: 0.29-1.52, p value= 0.33) and chronic GVHD, grade 3 and 4 (OR 0.72: 95% CI: 0.41-1.27: p value= 0.26) and treatment-related mortality (TRM) (OR 0.83, 95% CI: 0.37-1.86, p value= 0.65). The meta-analysis results are shown in figure-1.
Conclusion: In adult MDS patients undergoing allo-HSCT, RIC is associated with improved overall survival, but at the cost of reduced RFS, and a higher risk of relapse. MAC, on the other hand, is associated with more treatment-related mortality and GVHD. Results of our analysis point out these trends but these are not statistically significant

Disclosures: Anwer: Incyte, Seattle Genetics, Acetylon Pharmaceuticals, AbbVie Pharma, Astellas Pharma, Celegene, Millennium Pharmaceuticals.: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau.

*signifies non-member of ASH