Session: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19, Adult, Pediatric, Study Population, Clinically relevant
Data were collected retrospectively from the patients’ charts and the ProMISe database. Diagnosis was retained only if a reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay test from a nose swab was positive for SARS-CoV-2. Patients were classified as severe if they were transferred to an intensive care unit (ICU) due to COVID-19 or died of COVID-19, and non-severe in other cases. Comparisons of characteristics were performed using student’s t-tests and Mann-Whitney U tests for normally and abnormally distributed data, respectively, for continuous variables and χ2 or Fisher’s exact tests, when appropriate for categorical variables. Risk factors associated with a severe form of COVID-19 were assessed using both univariate and multivariate logistic regressions. All analyses were performed using SAS version 9.4.6 (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. A two-tailed significance level p<0.05 was used.
Fifty-four patients were diagnosed, including 21 with severe forms (intensive care transfer and/or death). Haematological characteristics did not vary between patients with severe or non-severe forms of COVID-19. Patients with a severe form of COVID-19 were more likely to be diagnosed earlier after alloHSCT (0.78 vs. 2.1 years, p=0.01), to have comorbidities (80.9% vs. 54.5%, p=0.05) and to receive immunosuppressive treatment (81% vs. 51.5%, p=0.03). Severe COVID-19 patients were more likely to have symptoms at COVID-19 diagnosis (100% vs. 81.8%, p=0.04), especially pneumonia and symptoms other than respiratory or digestive (asthenia, neurological symptoms, myalgia, dysgeusia, skin lesions and arthralgia), and to experience co-infection during the course of the disease (52.4% vs. 21.2%, p= 0.001).
At COVID-19 diagnosis, patients with a non-severe form were more likely to have a higher platelet count (226 G/L vs. 98 G/L, p= 0.01), while other biological characteristics did not vary between the two cohorts. In univariate analysis, shorter time from transplant to COVID-19 (before 211 days, p=0.01), pneumonia (OR 12.21 [95% CI 2.43 - 61.46], p=0.002), symptoms other than pulmonary or digestive (OR 1.21 [95% CI 1.02 - 11.16], p=0.04), immunosuppressive treatment (OR 5.97 [95% CI 0.75 - 47.42], p=0.03) , co-infection (OR 5.84 [95% CI 1.65-20.63], p=0.006) and comorbidity (OR 3.54 [95% CI 0.98-12.83], p=0.05) were associated with severe COVID-19. The only biological parameter associated with severity was a lower platelet count <71G/L (OR 28.00 [95% CI 2.07-379.25]), p=0.008. In multivariate analysis, pneumonia and other symptoms retained a significant association with severe COVID-19.
Thirteen patients died of COVID-19: in univariate analysis, risk factors for death from COVID-19 were similar to the risk factors for severe COVID-19 (i.e. shorter time from alloHSCT, p=0.03; pneumonia, p=0.01; co-infection during the course of COVID-19, p<0.01, and lower platelet count, p<0.01). In multivariate analysis, none of the above mentioned factors remained significantly associated with death from COVID-19.
As SARS-CoV-2 continues to spread internationally, given the lack of vaccine or treatment, alloHSCT recipients should maintain a high level of awareness to avoid contamination.
Disclosures: Dalle: Incyte: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Gilead: Honoraria; Bellicum: Consultancy, Honoraria; AbbVie Pharmacyclics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Orchard: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; bluebird bio: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Sanofi-Genzyme: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Medac: Consultancy, Honoraria; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Rubio: MSD: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria; Neovii: Research Funding; Medac: Consultancy; Gilead: Honoraria.
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