Session: 626. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)—Results from Prospective Clinical Trials: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Adult, Diseases, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, immunodeficiency, B-Cell Lymphoma, Immune Disorders, Lymphoid Malignancies, Study Population, Clinically relevant
Methods: In a prospective phase 1/2 study conducted in the HIV and AIDS Malignancy Branch at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), we are evaluating EPOCH combined with rituximab and LEN (EPOCH-R2) in participants (pts) with untreated PEL. The primary objective was to evaluate safety and tolerability of EPOCH-R2 and determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of LEN. PEL was diagnosed/confirmed in the NCI Laboratory of Pathology via cytology and/or flow cytometry of effusions or via biopsy in EC disease. Pts received EPOCH-R days 1-5 and every 21 days for 6 cycles. LEN was administered orally days 1-10 of each cycle starting at 25 mg (with dose de-escalation if toxicity occurred). Dose-limiting toxicities were evaluated during cycles 1-2. Pts with leptomeningeal PEL (CSF-PEL), determined by cytology and/or flow cytometry of cerebrospinal fluid, received intrathecal chemotherapy; intrathecal prophylaxis was given to pts without CSF-PEL. All pts received thromboprophylaxis (aspirin 81 mg daily), opportunistic infection prophylaxis, and antiretroviral therapy (ART). Adverse events (AEs) were evaluated using CTCAEv5 and treatment response was evaluated by Lugano criteria after cycles 2 and 6. Response to treatment, immune reconstitution, and overall survival (OS) were evaluated using descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Kaplan-Meier methodology.
Results: We are reporting results of the completed Phase I portion of the trial. 6 HIV+ cisgender men (5 Black, 1 White) with stage 4 PEL were enrolled July 2017-August 2019. All received non-boosted integrase inhibitor-based ART. 3 had pleural effusions, 2 had EC disease without effusions, and 1 had both effusions and EC disease. 3 had CSF-PEL and 1 had bone marrow involvement. 4 had concurrent KS; 1 also had concurrent MCD. Median CD4+was 231 cells/µL (IQR: 10, 310) at baseline and 189.5 cell/µL (IQR: 56, 224) at end-of-treatment, which was not a significant decline (p=0.46). The most common AEs were hematologic, including grade (G) 4 neutropenia (100%), leukopenia (100%), thrombocytopenia (67%) and CD4+ lymphopenia (67%). 3 pts (50%) developed G3 pulmonary emboli despite thromboprophylaxis. There were 7 episodes of G3 febrile neutropenia and 2 episodes of sepsis. No pts developed opportunistic infections. There were no dose-limiting toxicities and LEN 25 mg is the RP2D. 4 pts completed all 6 cycles. 2 pts completed 5 cycles: 1 died due to progressive disease and 1 had progressive disease and went on to receive additional therapy. 1 pt who completed all 6 treatment cycles died due to HIV-related complications 5 months after EPOCH-R2 with no evidence of PEL at autopsy. The response rate was 83.3% (95% CI: 36.8-99.6) and 50% (95% CI: 11.8-88.1) after cycles 2 and 6, respectively. 2-year overall survival was 66.7% (95% CI:19.5-90.4).
Conclusions: Front-line PEL treatment with EPOCH-R2 is safe, and the most common toxicities were hematologic. This regimen showed preliminary evidence of activity and good OS, which will be further evaluated in the ongoing phase 2.
Disclosures: Lurain: Celgene: Research Funding; EMD-Serrono: Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding. Ramaswami: Celgene: Research Funding; EMD-Serrono: Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding. Whitby: Patent: Patents & Royalties: Co-inventor on US Patent 10,001,483 entitled "Methods for the treatment of Kaposi's sarcoma or KSHV-induced lymphoma using immunomodulatory compounds, and uses of biomarkers.. Uldrick: Patent: Patents & Royalties: Co-inventor on US Patent 10,001,483 entitled "Methods for the treatment of Kaposi's sarcoma or KSHV-induced lymphoma using immunomodulatory compounds, and uses of biomarkers."; Celgene: Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding; Roche: Research Funding. Yarchoan: Patent: Patents & Royalties: Coinventor on patents on a peptide vaccine for HIV and on the treatment of Kaposi sarcoma with IL12; EMD-Serrono: Patents & Royalties; Patent: Patents & Royalties: Co-inventor on US Patent 10,001,483 entitled "Methods for the treatment of Kaposi's sarcoma or KSHV-induced lymphoma using immunomodulatory compounds, and uses of biomarkers.; Patent: Patents & Royalties: An immediate family member of R. Yarchoan is a co-inventor on patents related to internalization of target receptors, on KSHV viral IL-6, and on the use of calreticulin and calreticulin fragments to inhibit angiogenesis; Celgene: Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding.
OffLabel Disclosure: Dose-adjusted infusional etoposide, vincristine, and doxorubicin with cyclophosphamide and prednisone combined with rituximab and lenalidomide for the use of primary effusion lymphoma will be discussed.
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