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119 Frontline Sequential Immunochemotherapy Plus Lenalidomide for Mantle Cell Lymphoma Incorporating MRD Evaluation: Phase II, Investigator-Initiated, Single-Center Study

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 623. Mantle Cell, Follicular, and Other Indolent B-Cell Lymphoma—Clinical Studies: Mantle Cell Lymphoma Clinical Trials
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
therapy sequence, antibodies, Biological, Adult, Non-Biological, Diseases, Combinations, Therapies, Mantle Cell Lymphoma, chemotherapy, enzyme inhibitors, B-Cell Lymphoma, Technology and Procedures, Study Population, Lymphoid Malignancies, Clinically relevant, molecular testing, NGS
Saturday, December 5, 2020: 10:00 AM

Zachary D. Epstein-Peterson, MD1, Connie Lee Batlevi, MD, PhD2, Philip Caron, MD, PhD1, Ahmet Dogan, MD, PhD3, Pamela Drullinsky, MD1*, John Gerecitano, MD, PhD4, Audrey Hamilton, MD1*, Paul A. Hamlin, MD1, Caleb Ho, MD3, Allison P. Jacob5*, Leana Laraque, BA2*, Matthew J Matasar, MD, MS1, Alison J. Moskowitz, MD1, Craig H. Moskowitz, MD6, Chelsea D Mullins, BS5*, Colette Owens, MD1, Gilles Salles7, Heiko Schöder, MD8*, David J. Straus, MD1, Anas Younes, MD9, Andrew D Zelenetz, MD, PhD1 and Anita Kumar, MD1

1Department of Medicine, Lymphoma Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
2Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
3Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
4The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, West New York, NJ
5Adaptive Biotechnologies, Seattle, WA
6Department of Medicine, University of Miami Sylvester Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, Miami, FL
7Lymphoma Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
8Molecular Imaging and Therapy Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
9AstraZeneca, New York, NY

Background: Fit patients (pts) with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) are commonly treated with immunochemotherapy and consolidative high-dose therapy + stem cell rescue (cHDT/SCR), yet this approach has not demonstrated an overall survival (OS) benefit in a randomized trial. Outcomes for pts with high-risk MCL (TP53 aberrancy, high proliferation index, blastic histology) after cHDT/SCR are poor, and not all pts with MCL are eligible for this approach.

Methods: We conducted a phase II study of sequential immunochemotherapy incorporating lenalidomide enriching for pts with high-risk disease features (defined as blastoid/pleomorphic histology and/or Ki67 >=30%). The three phases of tx were: 1) lenalidomide (15 mg daily, days 1-14) plus R-CHOP for four 21-day cycles; 2) R-HiDAC for 2 cycles (initially age-based cytarabine 1-3 g/m2; 3 g/m2 dose removed after 16 pts due to hematologic toxicity); and 3) rituximab monthly plus lenalidomide (15 mg daily) for 6 months (mos).

Eligibility requirements were untreated stage II-IV MCL, KPS ≥70%, and adequate organ function; we sought ≥2/3 high-risk pts. We performed MRD testing on peripheral blood (cellular DNA) using the clonoSEQ Assay (Adaptive Biotechnologies). We obtained PET/CT and MRD testing after each phase of treatment and also MRD evaluation at 6 mos post-rituximab + lenalidomide maintenance. The primary endpoint was the rate of 3-yr progression-free survival (PFS), (acceptable PFS ≥75%, unacceptable ≤60%, based on desired proportion of high-risk pts).

Results: Among 49 pts enrolled, 47 were evaluable for PFS (1 had progressive disease (PD) and 1 had toxicity during len-R-CHOP). Characteristics for 47 evaluable pts are shown in Table 1: 64% were high-risk and 18% had TP53 mutation. 45 completed maintenance (1 had PD during R-HiDAC and 1 withdrew to pursue cHDT/SCR) and 43 achieved complete response (CR), 1 stable disease, and 1 PD at end of treatment (EoT), yielding overall response rate of 91%, all CR (Figure 1). With a median follow-up of 2.8 yrs among survivors, the 3-yr PFS was 64% (95 CI 50, 82) and OS 85% (95 CI 74, 99). Three-yr PFS differed by TP53 status (14% mut vs. 85% wt, P < 0.0001, Table 2). Of 4 pts with PD, 3 had TP53 mutation and 1 had an unknown mutation status. Among TP53 wt pts, there was no significant difference in outcomes by risk (Table 2).

MRD results were not obtained in 4 pts. Among 45 pts with MRD results, tumor clonal characterization for MRD evaluation was successful in 87% (39/45). MRD results are shown in Figure 2.

Examining the initial phase of treatment (len-R-CHOP and R-HiDAC), among 37 pts with results at 1x10-5 sensitivity (1E5) following len-RCHOP, a substantial proportion (32%, 12/37 pts) remained MRD+ and 11 of 12 MRD+ pts post len-RCHOP converted to MRD- following R-HiDAC. At 1x10-6 sensitivity (1E6) following R-HiDAC, 5/20 pts were MRD+, and among responding pts, shorter median PFS was observed in MRD+ versus MRD- pts (23.1 mos vs. NR, P = 0.03).

Examining the final phase of treatment (rituximab + lenalidomide maintenance) and observation period, among 37 pts with MRD results at 1E5 at EoT, 4 were MRD+, 2 of which were simultaneous (within 2 weeks of testing) with relapse; the remaining two MRD+ pts had median PFS 4.9 mos versus 37.4 mos for the 32 non-relapsed MRD- pts (P < 0.001). At 1E6, 6 pts who were MRD- at EoT converted to MRD+ after 6 mos of observation. MRD status at 1E6 at 6-mos post-EOT correlated with PFS: among 20 non-relapsed pts (6 MRD+, 14 MRD-), median PFS was 30.8 mos for MRD- versus 13.2 mos for MRD+ (P = 0.02).

Conclusions: In a novel approach of sequential immunochemotherapy plus lenalidomide enrolling majority high-risk pts, outcomes for TP53-mutant pts were poor and we did not reach our primary endpoint of 3-yr PFS ≥75%. Among TP53-wt pts, this treatment program was highly effective even among pts with elevated Ki-67 (>=30%) and was associated with a high response rate, a 3-yr rate of PFS of 85%, and a high rate of MRD- at EoT.

A substantial proportion of pts converted to MRD- after receipt of R-HiDAC, highlighting the efficacy of cytarabine in MCL. There was a high rate of MRD- after induction chemoimmunotherapy (Len-R-CHOP + R-HiDAC) at 1E5 (97%) and at 1E6 (80%), and the latter predicted remission duration. Several pts converted from MRD- to MRD+ at 6-mos post-EOT and eventually relapsed, suggesting that a more prolonged period of maintenance may be beneficial. Finally, MRD at 1E6 at 6 mos following EoT predicted response duration.

Disclosures: Batlevi: Life Sci, GLG, Juno/Celgene, Seattle Genetics, Kite: Consultancy; Janssen, Novartis, Epizyme, Xynomics, Bayer, Autolus, Roche/Genentech: Research Funding. Dogan: National Cancer Institute: Research Funding; EUSA Pharma: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Corvus Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy; Physicians Education Resource: Consultancy; Roche: Consultancy, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy. Drullinsky: Novartis: Research Funding; Roche: Research Funding. Gerecitano: Janssen: Current Employment. Hamlin: Portola Pharmaceutics: Consultancy; J&J Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Incyte: Research Funding; Molecular Templates: Research Funding; Portola: Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy. Ho: Invivoscribe, Inc.: Honoraria. Jacob: Adaptive Biotechnologies: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Matasar: Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Genentech, Inc.: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Rocket Medical: Consultancy, Research Funding; Teva: Consultancy; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Merck: Consultancy; IGM Biosciences: Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Honoraria, Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Honoraria, Research Funding; Immunovaccine Technologies: Honoraria, Research Funding. Moskowitz: Incyte: Research Funding; Imbrium Therapeutics, L.P.: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Miragen Therapeutics: Consultancy; Merck: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding. Mullins: Adaptive Biotechnologies: Current Employment, Other: shareholder. Straus: Elsevier: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: CME writer; NY Lymphoma Rounds: Consultancy; Imedex, Inc.: Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Targeted Oncology: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; ASH: Other: Conference in December 2019 on HL to other physicians during ASH; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; OncLive: Speakers Bureau; Takeda Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau. Younes: BioPath: Consultancy; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Current Employment; BMS: Consultancy; Curis: Consultancy; Epizyme: Consultancy; HCM: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy. Zelenetz: Amgen: Consultancy; Celgene: Research Funding; Genentech/Roche: Consultancy; Sandoz: Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Adaptive Biotechnology: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy; BeiGene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Gilead: Research Funding; MorphoSys: Research Funding; MEI Pharma: Research Funding; Roche: Research Funding. Kumar: Celgene: Honoraria, Other: Honoraria for Advisory Board; Astra Zeneca: Honoraria, Other: Honoraria for Advisory Board; Celgene: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding; Adaptive Biotechnologies,: Research Funding; AbbVie: Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Research Funding; Kite Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria, Other: Honoraria for Advisory Board.

*signifies non-member of ASH