Session: 622. Lymphoma Biology—Non-Genetic Studies: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Therapies, CAR-Ts
Methods. Between June 2018 and July 2020, 111 patients with R/R DBLCL were treated with commercialized anti-CD19 CAR T-cells, axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel yescarta) (n=60) or tisagenlecleucel (Tisa-cel kymriah) (n=51). Relapse and progression after CAR T-cells was defined based on the Cheson 2014 criteria. Efficacy of the treatment proposed at time of relapse post-CAR T-cells was assessed by CT scan and 18FDG-PET after the 1st cycle and at the end of treatment. CAR-T expansion was regularly monitored in blood by flow cytometry.
Results. In the whole cohort, the clinical characteristic was a median age at 61.9 (range 23 to 77), male n=73 (66%). Histology subtypes were DLBCL (n=90) (including GC n=39 and non-GC n=37), PMBL (n=6), Tr FL (n=15). 85 (76.6%) patients presented a primary refractory lymphoma. IPI included 30 low risk, 23 low-intermediate, 23 high-intermediate and 14 high risk. The median number of lines of treatment before CAR T cells infusion was 3 (IQR, 2 to 4) ranging from 1 to 9. At time of infusion, median total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) was 52.4 (IQR, 12.1 to 170.1), ranging from 1.44 to 4247.
Fifty-nine patients failed after Tisa-cel (n=33) of Axi-cel (n=26) infusion. Failure occurred after CAR T-cell within a median time of 6 months; 16 (27%) of the failures occurred before day 15 (D15), 27 (45.8%) during the first month after infusion (<M1), and 45 (76.3%) during the first-3 months after infusion (<M3). At failure, the patients received lenalidomide (LEN) (n=41, 69.5%) with (n=30) or without (n= 10) rituximab (R) or Obinutuzumab (O) (n=1); immune-checkpoint inhibitor including Pembrolizumab (n=2); BTK inhibitor (n=1); BET inhibitor (n=1); chemotherapy or immune-chemotherapy (n=3); radiotherapy (n=2). Six (10.2%) patients received palliative care only and three (5.1%) patients died before receiving further treatment. The best overall response rate was observed in 16 (27.1%) of the patients, including best complete response in 9 and best partial response in 7; 35 progressed. The median progression-free survival was 101 days, and the median overall survival 225 days. Considering the cohort of patients who received LEN, the 11 patients who started LEN+/-R or O before D15 post-CAR T-cell infusion (group ≤D15) experienced a higher ORR (7/11, 63.6% vs 9/48, 18.8%, p=0.006), and a higher CR rate (4/11, 36.4% vs 5/48, 10.4%, p=0.05). In univariate analysis, the 6 evaluable patients with early LEN (≤D15) had a higher CART expansion in blood during the first 28 days (median AUC D0-D28=1363 days*CART Cells number/µL of total blood) than other relapsing patients (median=97, p=0.042), including those treated with LEN after D15 (median=56, p=0.033), or even than patients without relapse (median=277, p=0.069).
Conclusion. LEN used at time of relapse post-CAR T-cell may provide high response rate, particularly in patients receiving LEN early after infusion. Comprehensive analyses of the anti-tumoral effect, but also an immunomodulatory effect mechanisms using tumor transcriptomic and single cell analyses will be presented.
Disclosures: Thieblemont: Cellectis: Speakers Bureau; Roche, Amgen, Kyte Gilead, Celgene, Abbvie, Novartis, Cellectis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel support; Roche, Hospita: Research Funding. Roulland: Celgene/BMS: Research Funding; Roche: Honoraria.
See more of: Oral and Poster Abstracts