Session: 703. Adoptive Immunotherapy: Mechanisms and New Approaches: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
viral, Leukemia, ALL, Biological, Diseases, Therapies, CAR-Ts, immune cells, Infectious Diseases, immunotherapy, Cell Lineage, Lymphoid Malignancies
Methods: We treated PBMCs from CMV-exposed donors in media supplemented with either IL-2 or IL-7/12/15 with a synTac containing the CMV-derived pp65 peptide presented by HLA-A2 MHC molecules linked to ligands capable of stimulating CD28- or 4-1BB-dependent costimulatory pathways. PBMCs activated either with anti-CD3/CD28 or the CMV-specific synTacs were transduced with lentivirus expressing an anti-CD19 CAR and a GFP reporter gene. CMV-specific CD8+ T cells were quantified by tetramer staining and CAR T-cells were detected by GFP expression determined by flow cytometric analysis. The functional activity of the CD19 CAR T-cells was determined by a B cell-specific cytotoxic assay.
Results: After 7 days, treatment of PBMCs with CMV-specific synTacs rapidly induced robust activation and >50-fold expansion of CMV-specific CD8+ T cells expressing effector memory markers. Treatment of the PBMCs with CMV-specific synTacs selectively activated CMV-specific T cells and enabled them to be specifically transduced with a CD19-specific CAR lentivirus and converted into CD19 CAR T-cells. These CMV-specific CD19 CAR T-cells displayed potent dose-responsive cytotoxic activity targeting purified primary B cells. Furthermore, these CMV-specific CD19 CAR T-cells could be selectively expanded by in vitro treatment with CMV-specific synTacs.
Conclusions: SynTacs are versatile immunotherapeutics capable of selective in vitro and in vivo activation and expansion of virus-specific CD8+ T cells with potent antiviral cytotoxic activity. After selective lentiviral transduction and conversion into CD19 CAR T-cells, their co-expression of the CMV-specific T cell receptor enabled them to be potently stimulated and activated by in vitro treatment with CMV synTacs. The modular design of synTacs facilitates efficient coupling of other costimulatory ligands – such as OX40 or GITRL – or cytokines, such as IL-2, IL-7, or IL-15, to enable the selective in vivo delivery of defined costimulatory signals or cytokines to the CAR T-cells expressing CMV-specific TCR. This strategy has the potential to boost the in vivo activity of tumor-specific CAR T-cells after infusion and enable more durable and potent treatment of refractory/recurrent B cell malignancies.
Disclosures: Almo: Cue Biopharma: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Patents & Royalties: Patent number: 62/013,715, Research Funding. Goldstein: Cue Biopharma: Research Funding.
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