-Author name in bold denotes the presenting author
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1649 Digital Life Coaching for Myeloma Patients Undergoing Transplantation

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 905. Outcomes Research—Malignant Conditions (Lymphoid Disease): Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
multiple myeloma, Adult, survivorship, Diseases, Plasma Cell Disorders, Lymphoid Malignancies, Study Population, Quality Improvement
Saturday, December 5, 2020, 7:00 AM-3:30 PM

Rahul Banerjee, MD1, Ann Lazar, PhD, MS1*, Lisa Dunn, RN1*, Jennifer Knoche, RN1*, Kelly Jean Brassil, PhD, MA, MSN, RN2, Dhiren Patel, PharmD2*, Lindsey Jackson, MPH, CPH2*, Mimi Lo, PharmD, BCPS, BCOP3*, Anand Dhruva, MD4*, Shagun Arora, MD1, Sandy W. Wong, MD5, Jeffrey L. Wolf, MD1, Thomas Martin III, MD1 and Nina Shah, MD6

1University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
2Pack Health, Birmingham, AL
3Department of Pharmaceutical Services, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
4Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
5Division of Hematology and Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
6Associate Professor of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA

BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for multiple myeloma (MM) face sudden exacerbations of anxiety, insomnia, and other symptoms within the initial weeks following ASCT. Even as these symptoms abate in subsequent months, long-term consequences include post-traumatic stress disorder (Griffith 2020), quality of life (QOL) impairments (El-Jawahri 2016), and chronic reliance on higher-risk medications such as benzodiazepines (Banerjee 2020). These findings are particularly relevant to MM patients given their older age at diagnosis, longer expected post-ASCT survival, and poorer QOL at baseline compared with other cancer patients (Kent 2015).

Compared to other integrative interventions in the peri-ASCT setting, life coaching transcends a symptomatic focus while directly addressing the root determinants of impaired QOL. Life coaches work with patients using structured frameworks (Figure 1A) to provide longitudinal support, education, and accountability to meet patient-identified wellness goals. Digital life coaching (DLC) combines the strengths of life coaching with the capabilities of digital health by channeling patient-coach communication through patients’ personal phones. Compared to in-person coaching, DLC is location-agnostic and allows patients to work their coaches more conveniently and frequently.

DLC is feasible among ASCT survivors (Chen 2016) but has not yet been studied in the active peri-ASCT setting. We are conducting a pilot study of a 16-week DLC subscription to assess its feasibility and effects on QOL during an intensive period spanning from pre-ASCT hospitalization through Day +100 after ASCT. If successful, we plan to then pursue a randomized Phase II study comparing DLC versus usual care in the peri-ASCT setting.

METHODS: Our study is registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT04432818. We plan to enroll 27 adult patients with MM undergoing first ASCT at our institution. Inclusion criteria include English language proficiency and ownership of a personal cellphone. Notably, neither ownership of a smartphone nor installation of a specific mobile app is required for patient enrollment. Enrolled patients will receive unlimited access to a certified life coach beginning at Day -5 before ASCT; bidirectional communication is encouraged via phone, text, or email. The life coaches will reach out at least once per week to help patients accomplish self-identified goals such as symptom management, stress reduction, and physical activity.

Our study’s primary endpoint is ongoing patient engagement, defined as least one patient-initiated outreach to their coach during each of four 4-week study subperiods. Our study’s secondary endpoints include patient-reported outcome (PRO) assessments of QOL, distress, and sleep disturbances (to be collected using electronic surveys every 1-2 weeks as shown in Figure 1B). Exploratory endpoints include benzodiazepine usage and rates of electronic/phone communication with patients’ treatment teams. We will analyze endpoints using descriptive methods, including stratification of secondary & exploratory endpoints by DLC usage and specific 4-week study subperiod.

PROGRESS TO DATE: Of 18 approached patients as of the data cutoff (8/1/20), 15 (83%) have expressed interest. Reasons for non-enrollment include skepticism about the value of interactions with coaches who do not themselves have MM. Of the 15 patients who have expressed interest in the study, the median age is 65 (range: 50-81) and all but one patient report owning a personal smartphone. All 6 patients with finalized ASCT hospitalization dates have been enrolled and paired with life coaches. Adherence to weekly electronic PRO assessments has been 100% (n = 9 timepoints) to date, consistent with previous studies (Wood 2013).

CONCLUSIONS: Our pilot study is ongoing. Our findings to date suggest that certain MM patients are phone-savvy and would be interested in digital health tools, which will continue to gain prominence in light of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Strengths of DLC include its scalability across institutional lines and its ability to reach patients at home in an integrative manner. Results of this study will inform innovative approaches to support the wellbeing of patients with hematologic malignancies, both in the peri-transplantation setting and beyond.

Disclosures: Brassil: Pack Health: Current Employment. Patel: Pack Health: Current Employment. Jackson: Pack Health: Current Employment. Wong: Amgen: Consultancy; Sanofi: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Research Funding; Roche: Research Funding; Fortis: Research Funding; GSK: Research Funding; Bristol Myers Squibb: Research Funding. Wolf: Adaptive: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau. Martin: Seattle Genetics: Research Funding; AMGEN: Research Funding; GSK: Consultancy; Sanofi: Research Funding; Janssen: Research Funding. Shah: BMS, Janssen, Bluebird Bio, Sutro Biopharma, Teneobio, Poseida, Nektar: Research Funding; GSK, Amgen, Indapta Therapeutics, Sanofi, BMS, CareDx, Kite, Karyopharm: Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH