-Author name in bold denotes the presenting author
-Asterisk * with author name denotes a Non-ASH member
Clinically Relevant Abstract denotes an abstract that is clinically relevant.

PhD Trainee denotes that this is a recommended PHD Trainee Session.

Ticketed Session denotes that this is a ticketed session.

3303 Alemtuzumab Versus Anti-Thymocyte Globulin As Conditioning Method for Allogenic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant; A Meta-Analysis

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, antibodies, bone marrow, Therapies, stem cells
Monday, December 7, 2020, 7:00 AM-3:30 PM

Kittika Poonsombudlert, MD1, Jakrin Kewcharoen, MD2*, Chattip Prueksapraopong, MD3* and Limpruttidham Nath, MD, MPH4*

1Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics, hematology-oncology fellowship program, Iowa city, IA
2University of Hawaii Internal Medicine Residency Program, Honolulu, HI
3Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women & Children, University of Hawaii Pediatric Residency Program, Honolulu, HI
4Queens Medical Center, Queen's Heart department, University of Hawaii Cardiovascular Disease Fellowship Program, Honolulu, HI

Objective: Anti-thymocyte Globulin (ATG) and Alemtuzumab (Ale) are common methods for T cell depletion in the setting of allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplant. They are both used to promote engraftment and prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Currently, there’s no comparative meta-analysis for safety and efficacy of Ale versus ATG. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to compare the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD), odd of relapse and overall survival (OS) between Ale and ATG.

Method: We performed a comprehensive literature search in MEDLINE (Pubmed), Cochrane library and EMBASE database from inception to April 2020 for studies that compared the use of Ale and ATG. We conducted a random effect meta-analysis of 11 studies involving a total of 4,239 participants (Ale=1,293, ATG=2,946) and reported the pooled odd ratio (OR) for development of aGVHD, cGVHD, relapse and OS.

Result: We found a significant decreased in odd of aGVHD and cGVHD in the Ale group compared to the ATG group (pooled OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.32-0.61, I2=56.1% and 0.58, 95% CI 0.44-0.77, I2=47.5% respectively) but there were no statistically significant increase in the odd of relapse and OS (pooled OR 1.14, 95% CI 0.81-1.59, I2=64.5% and 1.20, 95% CI 0.83-1.72, I2=76.3% respectively).

Conclusion: There is significantly decreased odd of aGVHD and cGVHD with use of Ale compared to ATG, but there is no statistically significant increased odd of relapse or OS. We concluded that Ale could be the superior method of T cell depletion in terms of decreased aGVHD and cGVHD but there’s no significant difference in odd of relapse and OS.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

*signifies non-member of ASH