Session: 723. Clinical Allogeneic and Autologous Transplantation: Late Complications and Approaches to Disease Recurrence I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Pediatric, Study Population
Methods: BMT recipients and a sibling comparison group (or the parents of participants <18y) completed a 255-item questionnaire that included sociodemographics and health conditions. A severity score (grades 3 [severe] or 4 [life-threatening]) was assigned to CHCs using CTCAE, v. 5.0. Deceased BMT recipients received a CHC-specific grade 5. Risk of severe/life-threatening CHC in BMT survivors vs. siblings: We calculated the cumulative incidence of CHCs for survivors and siblings as a function of attained age. We used logistic regression for estimating the risk of grade 3-4 conditions in survivors compared to siblings, adjusting for sex, age at study, race/ethnicity, education, household income, and health insurance. Risk of severe/life-threatening/fatal CHC in BMT recipients: We used proportional subdistribution hazards model (Fine-Gray) for competing risks to identify predictors of grade 3-5 CHCs, adjusting for demographics, primary disease, conditioning agents, disease status at BMT and chronic GvHD status.
Results: 848 patients had received allogeneic BMT at age ≤22 and survived ≥2y after BMT (563 alive at study; 285 deceased after surviving ≥2y). Primary diagnoses included ALL (29%), AML/MDS (28%), SAA (13%), other (30%); median age at BMT: 11.5y (range: 0.4-22.0); median length of follow-up 10.7y (2.0-41.4). Risk of severe/life-threatening CHC in 563 BMT survivors vs. 515 siblings: Cumulative incidence of grade 3-4 condition by age 30y among BMT recipients was significantly higher than that among siblings (38.5±2.7% vs. 5.4±1.0%, p<0.0001), Figure 1. The adjusted odds of developing grade 3-4 CHCs were 8.9-fold higher in BMT survivors (95%CI 6.4-12.5). Higher odds were observed for developing cataracts (OR=48.2; 95%CI 17.9-129.5), heart disease (OR=11.4, 95%CI, 3.9-33.3), diabetes (OR=11.1; 95%CI 3.5-34.8), thyroid nodules (OR=6.6, 95%CI, 2.6-17.0), joint replacement (OR=4.4, 85%CI, 1.7-10.9), and sensorineural disorders (hearing loss/balance disorder/legally blind); OR=3.2, 95%CI, 1.5-6.8). Risk of severe/life-threatening/fatal CHCs in 848 BMT recipients: cumulative incidence of grades 3-5 CHCs was 60.5±3.0% at 40y (Figure 2). The most prevalent grade 3-5 CHCs were second malignancy (11.8%), cataract (5.9%), cardiovascular disease (5.8%), sensorineural disorder (4.4%), diabetes (3.4%), and joint replacement (2.9%). The risk of grades 3-5 CHCs was higher among females (HR=1.3, 95%CI 1.0-1.6), age >12y at BMT (HR=1.4, 95%CI 1.1-1.8) and among those exposed to TBI (HR=1.7, 95%CI 1.2-2.3).
Conclusions: Two-year survivors of allogeneic BMT performed in childhood had an almost 10-fold higher risk of severe/life-threatening CHCs compared to siblings. By age of 30, 39% of the survivors had developed a severe or life-threatening CHC. The results of the present study call for close follow-up, from the time of transplantation continuing throughout life.
Disclosures: Weisdorf: Incyte: Research Funding; FATE Therapeutics: Consultancy. Arora: Fate Therapeutics: Consultancy; Syndax: Research Funding; Kadmon: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding.
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