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927 Updated Results from an Ongoing Phase 1 Clinical Study of bb21217 Anti-Bcma CAR T Cell Therapy

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 653. Myeloma: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Novel Therapy for Relapsed Myeloma
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, multiple myeloma, Diseases, Therapies, CAR-Ts, Plasma Cell Disorders, Lymphoid Malignancies
Monday, December 9, 2019: 6:45 PM
Valencia A (W415A), Level 4 (Orange County Convention Center)

Jesus G. Berdeja, MD1, Melissa Alsina, MD2, Nina D. Shah, MD3, David S. Siegel4, Sundar Jagannath, MD5, Deepu Madduri, MD5*, Jonathan L. Kaufman, MD6, Nikhil C Munshi, MD7, Jacalyn Rosenblatt, MD8, Jagoda K. Jasielec, MD9, Yi Lin, MD, PhD10, Ashley Turka11*, Lyh Ping Lam, PharmD, RPh11*, Monica Massaro, MPH11*, Timothy B. Campbell, MD, PhD12*, Kristen Hege12, Fabio Petrocca, MD11* and Noopur S. Raje, MD13

1Sarah Cannon Center For Blood Cancers, Nashville, TN
2Department of Blood & Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL
3University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
4John Theurer Cancer Center, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, NJ
5Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
6Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
7Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA
8Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
9University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
10Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
11bluebird bio, Inc., Cambridge, MA
12Celgene Corporation, San Francisco, CA
13Cancer Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA

Introduction: Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy directed against B cell maturation antigen (BCMA) has shown promising results for the treatment of relapsed refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) in several phase 1 studies. Persistence of CAR T cells post infusion may be one determinant of duration of response. bb21217 is a next-generation anti-BCMA CAR T cell therapy based on investigational therapy idecabtagene vicleucel (bb2121) (Friedman 2018, Hum Gene Ther 29:585) that uses the same lentiviral CAR T design as bb2121, but adds the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor bb007 during ex vivo culture to enrich the drug product for memory-like T cells. Evidence suggests that CAR T cells with this phenotype may be more persistent and more potent than unselected CAR T cells. CRB-402 is a first-in-human study of bb21217 in patients with RRMM designed to assess safety, pharmacokinetics, efficacy and duration of effect.

Methods: CRB-402 (NCT03274219) is an ongoing, multi-center phase 1 dose escalation trial of bb21217 planning to enroll 74 patients with RRMM who received ≥ 3 prior regimens, including a proteasome inhibitor and an immuno-modulatory agent, or are double-refractory to both classes. During dose escalation, enrollment is restricted to patients with ≥ 50% BCMA expression by IHC on malignant plasma cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells are collected via leukapheresis and sent to a central facility for transduction, expansion and release testing prior to being returned to the site for infusion. Patients undergo lymphodepletion with fludarabine (30 mg/m2) and cyclophosphamide (300 mg/m2) daily for 3 days, then receive bb21217 as a single infusion. Planned dose levels are 150, 450, 800, and 1,200 x 106 CAR+ T cells and intermediate dose levels are allowed. The primary outcome measure is incidence of adverse events (AEs), including dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs). Additional outcome measures are quality and duration of clinical response assessed according to the IMWG Uniform Response Criteria, evaluation of minimal residual disease (MRD), progression-free and overall survival, and quantification of CAR+ T cells in blood.

Results: As of April 20, 2019, 22 patients (median age 63 [min;max 42 to 74]) have received bb21217 (12 at 150, 6 at 300 and 4 at 450). Eleven had high tumor burden, defined as ≥ 50% bone marrow plasma cells pre-infusion. Patients had a median of 7 (min;max 4 to 17) prior lines of therapy and 18/22 had prior autologous stem cell transplant; 7/22 had high-risk cytogenetics. Of the 22 patients, 19 received prior daratumumab, 13 received prior Bort/Len/Car/Pom/Dara. Median follow-up after bb21217 infusion was 23 weeks (<1 to 77 weeks). As of data cut-off, 13/22 patients developed cytokine release syndrome (CRS; 5 G1, 7 G2, 1 G3) and responded to supportive care, tocilizumab and/or corticosteroids. Five patients developed neurotoxicity [1 G1, 2 G2, 1 G3 (vertigo/dizziness), 1 G4 (encephalopathy, previously reported)]. For the 1 patient with G4 neurotoxicity, G3 CRS was also reported; both have resolved. A total of 18 patients were evaluable for response with ≥ 2 months of follow up or PD within 2 months. Fifteen (83%) patients demonstrated clinical response per IMWG criteria. Six of these subjects subsequently progressed. Nine patients remained in response, including 2 patients with ongoing response at months 15 and 18. MRD negative results at 10-5 nucleated cells or better were obtained by NGS in 10/10 evaluable responders at month 1. Overall, 6/8 patients evaluable at 6 months and 2/2 patients evaluable at 12 months had detectable CAR T cells in blood. Updated data from this study will be presented, including extended follow-up on the initial patients treated and early clinical and CAR T cell persistence data from at least 15 additional patients treated with up to 450 x 106 CAR+ T cells.

Conclusions: The adverse events observed to date were manageable and consistent with known toxicities of CAR T therapies. Initial efficacy results with bb21217 CAR T therapy in heavily pretreated RRMM are encouraging, with 83% of patients demonstrating clinical response. Emerging data demonstrate long-term persistence of CAR T cells in long-term responders. Updated data to be presented will help determine whether treatment with bb21217 results in sustained CAR T cell persistence and durable clinical responses, and whether bb21217 is tolerated at higher doses.

Disclosures: Berdeja: AbbVie Inc, Amgen Inc, Acetylon Pharmaceuticals Inc, Bluebird Bio, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Celgene Corporation, Constellation Pharma, Curis Inc, Genentech, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, Janssen Biotech Inc, Kesios Therapeutics, Lilly, Novartis, Poseida: Research Funding; Poseida: Research Funding; Amgen Inc, BioClinica, Celgene Corporation, CRISPR Therapeutics, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Janssen Biotech Inc, Karyopharm Therapeutics, Kite Pharma Inc, Prothena, Servier, Takeda Oncology: Consultancy. Alsina: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Janssen: Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Speakers Bureau. Shah: Celgene, Janssen, Bluebird Bio, Sutro Biopharma: Research Funding; Poseida: Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Nkarta: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Kite: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Teneobio: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Indapta Therapeutics: Equity Ownership; Genentech, Seattle Genetics, Oncopeptides, Karoypharm, Surface Oncology, Precision biosciences GSK, Nektar, Amgen, Indapta Therapeutics, Sanofi: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; University of California, San Francisco: Employment. Siegel: Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Karyopharm: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau. Jagannath: Celgene: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy; Medicom: Speakers Bureau; Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation: Speakers Bureau; Merck: Consultancy. Madduri: Abbvie: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; undation Medicine: Consultancy. Kaufman: Janssen: Honoraria; Pharmacyclics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University: Employment; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy. Munshi: Janssen: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Oncopep: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Adaptive: Consultancy; Abbvie: Consultancy. Rosenblatt: BMS: Other: Advisory Board ; Parexel: Consultancy; Imaging Endpoint: Consultancy; Partner Tx: Other: Advisory Board; Dava Oncology: Other: Education; BMS: Research Funding; Amgen: Other: Advisory Board; Celgene: Research Funding; Merck: Other: Advisory Board. Turka: bluebird bio: Employment. Lam: bluebird bio: Employment. Massaro: bluebird bio: Employment. Campbell: Celgene Corporation: Employment, Equity Ownership. Hege: Celgene Corporation: Employment, Equity Ownership, Patents & Royalties; Mersana Therapuetics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Arcus Biosciences: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Petrocca: bluebird bio: Employment. Raje: Amgen Inc.: Consultancy; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Celgene Corporation: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Merck: Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH