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762 Clinical Activity of REGN1979, a Bispecific Human, Anti-CD20 x Anti-CD3 Antibody, in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory (R/R) B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (B-NHL)

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 626. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)—Results from Prospective Clinical Trials: Novel Therapies in Relapsed/Refractory Disease
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Diseases, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Lymphoid Malignancies
Monday, December 9, 2019: 4:00 PM
W304ABCD, Level 3 (Orange County Convention Center)

Rajat Bannerji, MD, PhD1, John N. Allan, MD2, Jon E. Arnason, MD3, Jennifer R. Brown, MD, PhD4*, Ranjana Advani, MD5, Jeffrey A. Barnes, MD, PhD6, Stephen M. Ansell, MD, PhD7, Susan M. O'Brien, MD8, Julio Chavez9*, Johannes Duell, MD10*, Kevin A. David, MD1, Peter Martin, FRCPC, MD, MS11, Robin M. Joyce, MD3, Robert Charnas, PhD12*, Srikanth R. Ambati, MBBS, MD12*, Lieve Adriaens, PharmD12*, Melanie Ufkin, PhD12, Min Zhu, PhD12*, Jingjin Li, PhD12*, Peter Gasparini, MS12*, Anfal Ibrahim, BS12*, Vladimir Jankovic, MD12, Nathalie Fiaschi, PhD12*, Olulanu Aina, PhD12*, Wen Zhang, PhD12*, Raquel P. Deering, PhD12*, Sara Hamon, PhD12*, Gavin Thurston, PhD12*, Andrew J. Murphy, PhD12*, David M. Weinreich, MD12*, George D. Yancopoulos, MD, PhD12*, Israel Lowy, MD, PhD12, David Sternberg, MD, PhD12 and Max S. Topp, MD10

1Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ
2Weill Cornell Medicine, Long Island City, NY
3Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA
4Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA
5Stanford University, Stanford, CA
6Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
7Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
8Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, Irvine, CA
9Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL
10Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany
11Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY
12Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Tarrytown, NY

Background

REGN1979 is an anti-CD20 x anti-CD3 bispecific IgG4 antibody (Ab) modified to reduce Fc binding. Engaging both targets results in CD20-specific, local T-cell activation and cytotoxicity, a mechanism of action distinct from standard anti-CD20 Abs. Dose escalation is complete and a recommended Ph 2 dose has been determined. We report Ph 1 safety and efficacy results of REGN1979 in patients (pts) with R/R B-NHL previously treated with anti-CD20 Abs, including pts with progressive disease after anti-CD19 CAR T-cell (CAR T) therapy.

Methods

Primary objectives are to determine safety, tolerability, and occurrence of dose limiting toxicities (DLTs). Other objectives are to assess antitumor activity, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics. Eligible pts with R/R B-NHL must have received prior CD20-directed therapy. Treatment consists of 12 weekly intravenous doses of REGN1979 followed by every 2-week dosing for 12 doses (36 weeks total).

Results

As of June 3, 2019, 96 pts (diffuse large cell B-cell lymphoma [DLBCL] [n=53], follicular lymphoma [FL] grade [Gr] 1-3a [n=25], mantle cell lymphoma [n=6], marginal zone lymphoma [n=6], or other [FL Gr 3b, FL unknown, FL ungraded, or Waldenström macroglobulinemia ] [n=6]) were treated with REGN1979 0.03–320 mg and received a median of 9 doses (range 1–24). Pts had a median of 3 prior lines of therapy (range 1-11); 12 pts with prior CAR T therapy were included in the safety analysis of which 6 were included in the efficacy analysis. Twenty-four pts remain on treatment; 18 completed treatment; 54 discontinued early (35 due to progressive disease [PD]).

No pts with B-NHL experienced a DLT. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) were pyrexia (n=74), CRS (n=55), chills (n=49), infections and infestations (n=47), fatigue (n=36), increased C-reactive protein (n=32), and anemia (n=32). Seven pts experienced Gr 3 CRS. The severity of CRS symptoms declined through optimized pre-medication even with REGN1979 dose escalation. Most common Gr 3 or 4 AEs were anemia (n=19), decreased lymphocytes/lymphopenia (n=19), infections and infestations (n=18), decreased neutrophils/neutropenia (n=17), and hypophosphatemia/decreased blood phosphorus (n=16). No pts had seizures or grade 4/5 neurologic AEs. Gr 3 neurologic AEs included depressed level of consciousness (unrelated), somnolence, and syncope (n=1 each). Neurological events were transient and none required permanent treatment termination. Five pts discontinued due to AEs: Gr 3 hemolysis; Gr 3 fatigue; Gr 2 and Gr 3 pneumonia; and Gr 3 neck abscess (1 each). Eleven pts died on study: PD (n=6), gastric perforation (n=1), cardiac arrest (n=1), lung infection (n=1), multi-organ failure (n=1), pneumonia (n=1).

The Table and Figure show efficacy and duration of response for R/R DLBCL by dose level. Pts who had opportunity for response assessment at Week 12 were included in the analysis of response.

Emerging data suggest increasing efficacy with higher doses in R/R DLBCL, with 5 of 8 pts treated at 80/160/320 mg achieving CR; at these doses 2 of 3 pts achieved CR after failure of CAR T therapy. Data also suggest increasing efficacy with increasing doses in R/R FL, but maximum efficacy appears to be achieved at lower doses than in DLBCL; in pts with FL Gr 1-3a treated at ≥5 mg, the ORR was 93% (13/14), and the CR rate was 71.4% (10/14).

REGN1979 concentrations in serum increased linearly with dose during the first five weeks. Elevated levels of serum cytokines were observed, mostly in week 1, and no correlation was observed with clinical efficacy. Immunohistological analysis of malignant lymph node tissue demonstrated that pts with high and low CD20 expression achieved clinical response. Relapse among responders was seen with either maintenance or loss of CD20 expression, suggesting antigen-dependent and independent disease escape mechanisms.

Conclusions/Summary

Tolerability of REGN1979 has been demonstrated at doses up to the final dose level of 320 mg weekly, with no observed DLTs in pts with B-NHL. No pts discontinued due to neurologic AE. Activity was observed broadly in heavily pretreated R/R B-NHL pts treated with REGN1979. With increasing dose, more resistant tumors such as R/R DLBCL are showing benefit, even in pts with prior CAR T therapy failure. Based on these efficacy findings, a global Ph 2 study is underway to evaluate REGN1979 monotherapy in R/R FL Gr 1-3a, R/R DLBCL, and other R/R B-NHL subtypes.

Disclosures: Bannerji: AbbVie, Inc: Consultancy, travel support; Gilead: Other: travel support; Gilead: Other: travel support; Pharmacyclics: Other: travel support; Merck: Other: travel support, Patents & Royalties: IP rights; AbbVie, Inc: Consultancy; Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Consultancy, Other: travel support, Research Funding; Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Consultancy, Other: travel support, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Merck: Other: travel support, Patents & Royalties: IP rights; Pharmacyclics: Other: travel support. Allan: Acerta Pharma: Consultancy; Sunesis Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie, Inc: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie company: Consultancy; Genentech: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Bayer: Consultancy; Verastem Oncology, Inc.: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria. Arnason: Celgene/Juno: Consultancy; Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Consultancy. Brown: AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Acerta Pharma: Consultancy; Morphosys: Other: Data safety monitoring boards ; Sun Pharmaceuticals, Inc: Research Funding; Sun: Research Funding; Verastem: Consultancy, Research Funding; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy; Teva: Honoraria; Sunesis: Consultancy; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy; Janssen: Honoraria; Invectys: Other: other; Loxo: Consultancy, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy; Octapharma: Consultancy; Kite: Consultancy, Research Funding; Dynamo Therapeutics: Consultancy; Catapult Therapeutics: Consultancy; BeiGene: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy, Research Funding; Genentech/Roche: Consultancy. Advani: Kyowa Kirin Pharmaceutical Developments, Inc.: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Celmed: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Forty-Seven: Research Funding; Roche/Genentech: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Kura: Research Funding; Bayer: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Millennium: Research Funding; Gilead Sciences, Inc./Kite Pharma, Inc.: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Infinity Pharma: Research Funding; Janssen: Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Cell Medica, Ltd: Consultancy; Autolus: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Agensys: Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Stanford University: Employment, Equity Ownership; Regeneron: Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding. Ansell: Seattle Genetics: Research Funding; Affimed: Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; LAM Therapeutics: Research Funding; Trillium: Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; LAM Therapeutics: Research Funding; Mayo Clinic Rochester: Employment; Regeneron: Research Funding; Regeneron: Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Research Funding; Trillium: Research Funding; Mayo Clinic Rochester: Employment; Affimed: Research Funding. O'Brien: Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria; Acerta: Research Funding; Alexion: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Aptose Biosciences, Inc: Consultancy; Astellas: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Eisai: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy, Research Funding; GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy; Kite: Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria; Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Consultancy, Research Funding; Regeneron: Research Funding; Verastem: Consultancy; Sunesis: Consultancy, Research Funding; Vaniam Group LLC: Consultancy; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding. Chavez: Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Speakers Bureau; Kite Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Genentech: Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Duell: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Research Funding. Martin: I-MAB: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Sandoz: Consultancy; Teneobio: Consultancy. Charnas: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Ambati: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Adriaens: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Ufkin: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Zhu: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Li: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Gasparini: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Ibrahim: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Jankovic: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Fiaschi: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Aina: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Zhang: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Deering: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Hamon: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Thurston: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Murphy: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Weinreich: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Yancopoulos: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Lowy: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Sternberg: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment, Equity Ownership. Topp: Amgen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Regeneron: Research Funding; KITE: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Regeneron: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding.

OffLabel Disclosure: The data described in the abstract will report on use REGN1979 in a Phase 1 clinical trial of patients with B-NHL.

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