Session: 322. Disorders of Coagulation or Fibrinolysis: Poster II
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Hemophilia, Biological, Adult, Diseases, Therapies, Bleeding and clotting, Pediatric, Study Population, immunotherapy, Clinically relevant, Quality Improvement
ITI with rFVIIIFc was offered to patients with hemophilia A and significant inhibitors. The CFC dose used ranged from 50 IU/kg, 3x/week, to 200 IU/kg per day, depending on the weight, convenience and early response as well as availability of rFVIIIFc. All patients completing at least 10 weeks of ITI are included in this analysis. Bethesda assay was done every 2-4 weeks. Successful ITI was defined as a negative Bethesda assay with a FVIII recovery of >60%. Patients received either FEIBA or rVIIa for breakthrough bleeds.
Thirty eight patients were included in this analysis. The median age at initiation of ITI was 15 years (range:2 -39). Nine (24%) patients had a family history of inhibitors. The median age at which inhibitors developed was 11 years (range:0.6 -38). Nine (24%) patients had history of surgery prior to onset of inhibitor. Ten patients (26%) had exposure to only plasma derived factors. All patients were on episodic CFC replacement therapy except two (5%) who were receiving low-dose prophylaxis prior to inhibitor development. The median exposures to FVIII was 20 (range:2-80) and duration of inhibitors prior to ITI was 2 years (range:0.1 - 20). The median highest inhibitor titre recorded prior to ITI was 19 BU (range:4-1177). Only 3 patients had their maximum inhibitor titer below 5BU. The median inhibitor titre at the time of starting ITI was 10.4 BU (range: 0.6–1177). The median peak inhibitor titer after starting ITI was 40.4 BU (range:3.5–13933). Out of the 38, 17 (45%) patients achieved a negative inhibitor status after ITI for a median duration of 23 weeks (range: 10-64). Among the 17 patients who had successful ITI, the median duration of ITI required to achieve negative inhibitor status was 20 weeks (range:10-60). Among the other 21 patients who had persistence of inhibitors, 4 were included in other clinical trials, 3 discontinued due to personal reasons while the other 14 are continuing ITI based on availability of appropriate EHL CFC. Among these patients with persistence of inhibitors, the last inhibitor titer was 6.4 BU (range:0.9-9240) after a median of 26 weeks of ITI (range:11-64). The median number of breakthrough bleeds during ITI was 1 (range:0-12), being 1 (range:0-6) among responders and 1 (range:0-12) among those with persistence of inhibitors. A comparison of the group which responded within this duration of ITI and those who did not respond is shown in the table. Older age and the peak inhibitor titer prior to ITI were the two significant variables which affected early outcome of ITI.
These data show that EHL rFVIIIFc can be effective in ITI with nearly 45% of patients achieving a negative inhibitor titer within 1 year and with responses starting as early as 1 month and nearly half of them within 4 months. There was also a relatively low median annualized bleed rate during ITI. More patients need to be treated with different doses of rFVIIIFc to assess its potential in ITI and to determine the optimal protocols but the initial data is promising.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
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