Session: 322. Disorders of Coagulation or Fibrinolysis: Hemophilia: Emerging Therapies
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Diseases, Hemophilia, Adult, Biological, Bleeding and clotting, Therapies, gene therapy, Study Population, Clinically relevant
Methods: In this first-in-human Phase 1/2, open-label, multicentre, ascending single dose, safety study sponsored by UCL (NCT03369444) FLT180a is administered to patients with severe (<1% FIX activity) or moderate (1-2% FIX activity with a severe bleeding phenotype) haemophilia B, with no current/previous evidence of inhibitors and a negative transduction inhibition assay for the vector. The primary endpoint is safety. Secondary endpoints include FIX activity levels, ABR, FIX consumption, immune response, and viral shedding. To address the risk of transaminitis and protect against loss of gene expression all patients participating in the study are to receive prophylactic steroids between Week 4 and Week 12.
Results: As of 26 June 2018, two patients had been treated with FLT180a at the low dose of 4.5 x 1011 vg/kg and observed for 20 and 14 weeks, respectively. Within 4 weeks of receiving a single infusion of FLT180a, both patients achieved FIX levels of >30%, which is well within the mild haemophilia range where the risk of spontaneous bleeding is absent and bleeding occurs only after major surgery or injury. Patients 1 and 2 had peak FIX expression around Week 12 with levels of 48% and 66%, respectively. After the discontinuation of prophylactic steroids FIX levels stabilised at 46% and 48%, respectively.
No serious adverse events have been reported and there has not been any significant increase in liver enzymes. Prophylaxis with exogenous coagulation factor was stopped within the first week post FLT180a administration due to sufficient rise in patients endogenous FIX. Neither patient has required exogenous coagulation factor after this first week. No spontaneous bleeds have occurred. A traumatic bleed was reported by Patient 1 (right middle finger cut) at Week 10 but did not require treatment with FIX concentrates. The patient’s FIX activity at the time was 38%.
Conclusions: Current treatments have reduced life-threatening bleeds, chronic joint disease and disability; however, people with haemophilia B continue to have significantly decreased quality of life. This study has shown a single infusion of low dose FLT180a leads to FIX levels of >40%, greatly reducing the risk of spontaneous or traumatic bleeds and raises the prospect of achieving a functional cure by normalising FIX levels with a higher dose. This will reduce the risk of life-threatening bleeds following trauma and surgery, transform quality of life and thus represents a major therapeutic advance for people with haemophilia B.
Disclosures: Chowdary: Bayer, CSL Behring, Novo Nordisk, Pfizer, and SOBI (publ): Research Funding; Baxalta (Shire), Baxter, Biogen Idec, CSL Behring, Freeline, Novo Nordisk, Pfizer, Roche, Shire, and SOBI: Consultancy. Shapiro: Freeline Therapeutics Ltd: Consultancy. Alade: Freeline: Employment. Brooks: Freeline Therapeutics Ltd: Employment. Dane: Freeline: Employment. McIntosh: Freeline: Consultancy. Short: Freeline Therapeutics Ltd: Employment. Tuddenham: BioMarin: Consultancy, Patents & Royalties; Freeline: Consultancy. Nathwani: Freeline: Consultancy, Equity Ownership, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.
See more of: Oral and Poster Abstracts