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4238 In Elderly Patients with Newly Diagnosed Aggressive B-Cell Lymphoma, the Rate of Change in Body Weight after the First Course R-CHOP (-like) Chemo Therapy Has Effect on Their Survival

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 627. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)—Results from Retrospective/Observational Studies: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Non-Biological, Therapies, chemotherapy, Clinically relevant
Monday, December 3, 2018, 6:00 PM-8:00 PM
Hall GH (San Diego Convention Center)

Muramatsu Ayako, MD1*, Nagata Hiroaki, MD2*, Kuriyama Kodai, MD, PhD2*, Hirakawa Yoshiko, MD, PhD2*, Oshiro Muneo, MD, PhD2*, Iwai Toshiki, MD, PhD2* and Uchiyama Hitoji, MD, PhD2*

1Hematology, Japanese Red Cross Kyoto Daiichi Hospital, Kyoto, KYO, Japan
2Hematology, Japanese Red Cross Kyoto Daiichi Hospital, Kyoto, Japan

Background

The incidence of B-cell lymphoma increases with age, and over 40% occurs in patients at age of 70 years old or more.

Aggressive B-cell lymphoma was often treated with R-CHOP (-like) regimen.

However, in elderly B-cell lymphoma patients, treatment intensification often must be lowered due to the risks of comorbidities and organ function deterioration, and treatment outcomes are worse compared to younger patients.

The optimal dose of R-CHOP (-like) therapy is necessary to improve the outcome of the elderly patients with B-cell lymphoma.

We conducted a retrospective cohort study examining the influence of the rate of change in body weight after the first chemo therapy on their outcomes and survival.

Methods

Clinical records of 111 patients who had received R-CHOP (-like) regimen were retrospectively analyzed.

They were all over 73 years old, and newly diagnosed with aggressive B-cell lymphoma by WHO 2008 criteria.

They were treated at Japanese Red Cross Kyoto Daiichi Hospital between January 1st 2008 and December 31st 2017.

Data on clinical characteristics and treatment modalities were obtained through the review of medical charts.

Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

The impact of variables on PFS and OS was evaluated by univariate log-rank tests and by multivariate analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model.

Results

Median age at diagnosis was 78 years old (73-94).

The 2-year OS rate was 77.5% (95%Cl: 68.3-84.3%), PFS rate was 77.4% (95%Cl: 68.2-84.3%) in all patients.

The 5-year OS rate was 62.3% (95%Cl: 50.2-72.2%), PFS rate was 55.5% (95%Cl: 43.4-66%) in all patients.

The average rate of change in body weight after the first therapy was 4.59%.

Large changes in body weight ( >9.3%) after the first therapy had worse clinical outcomes with shorter median OS (1.43 years vs. NA, P <0.001 HR 4.39, 95% CI 2.14 to 8.99, see figure 1) and median PFS (1.43 years vs. 6.9 years, P<0.001, HR 3.65, 95%CI 1.82to 7.29, see figure 2).

Conclusion

Large changes in body weight ( >9.3%) after the first therapy were associated with poor outcomes in elderly people with newly diagnosed aggressive B-cell lymphoma.

This suggests that adjusting drug dosage on and after the second therapy in those patients has possible to be improve their survival.

Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

*signifies non-member of ASH