Session: 703. Adoptive Immunotherapy: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Diseases, Biological, Therapies, CAR-Ts, immunotherapy, Lymphoid Malignancies
Through a proprietary cellular reprogramming platform, peripheral blood derived T cells are converted to hiPSCs, engineered to contain the modified CD19 CAR targeted into the TRAC locus and hnCD16, and clonally selected to create a master hiPSC line (TRAC-TiPSC, FT819). Molecular characterization of the TRAC-TiPSC master cell line by 5’ junction, 3’ junction and internal sequence PCR confirmed homology directed repair and bi-allelic targeting of the CD19 CAR into the TRAC locus. The origin of the clonal master cell bank was confirmed to be a TCRαβ T cell by PCR-mediated detection of TCRδ locus deletion and methyl-seq analysis of the TCRα locus. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated the maintenance of a uniform population of hiPSCs (>95% SSEA4/TRA-1-81/OCT4/NANOG) and expression of hnCD16 transgene (>95% CD16).
Utilizing our stage-specific T cell differentiation protocol, we demonstrate that the TRAC-TiPSCs yield TRAC-iT cells with uniform expression of the CAR (>95%), complete elimination of TCR surface expression and clinically enabling expansion through the manufacturing process (>50,000 fold). To confirm the lack of alloreactivity conferred by the deletion of endogenous TCR expression, mixed lymphocyte reactions were performed using TRAC-iT, primary TCR+ T cells and primary TCR+CAR+ T cells as responders and HLA-mismatched peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as targets. In comparison to primary T cells and primary CAR-T cells, TRAC-iT did not respond and proliferate in response to TCR stimulation or HLA-mismatched PBMCs indicating that the risk of GvHD was alleviated.
In vitro functional studies established that TRAC-iT possess a potent cytotoxic T lymphocyte response to CD19 antigen challenge in a similar manner to peripheral blood CAR T cells as demonstrated by expression of markers indicative of degranulation (CD107a/b, Granzyme B), T cell activation (CD69, CD25), and production of INFγ, TNFα and IL2. Importantly, TRAC-iT targeted tumor in an antigen specific manner as verified by lysis of CD19+, but not CD19-, tumor cell lines as seen by in vitro cytolytic assays (50% killing E:T; TRAC-iT = 1:8, primary CAR-T = 1:4).
In vivo studies demonstrated that TRAC-iT cells effectively control tumor progression in a mouse model of acute lymphoblastic leukemia Nalm6 (TRAC-iT versus no treatment, p<0.0001). To validate the capability of TRAC-iT to simultaneously target multiple antigens, TRAC-iT was co-cultured with mixtures of CD19+CD20+ and CD19-CD20+ tumor cells in the presence of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, Rituxan. In vitro cytolytic assays demonstrate that only TRAC-iT cells can effectively identify and eliminate CD19-CD20+ tumor cells when combined with Rituxan. Importantly, the antibody-dependent cellular-cytotoxicity did not appear to interfere with CAR function as TRAC-iT maintained its directed cytotoxic capacity. Collectively, these preclinical studies suggest that FT819 is a consistent and uniform off-the-shelf product than can be effectively and safely used in the treatment of B cell malignancies in the allogeneic setting.
Disclosures: Clarke: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Chang: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Husain: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Lai: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Peralta: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Stokely: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Abujarour: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Dinella: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Lee: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Pribadi: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Chu: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Truong: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Sabouri-Ghomi: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Meza: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment. Riviere: Juno Therapeutics, a Celgene Company: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Research Funding. Sadelain: Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties, Research Funding; Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Research Funding. Valamehr: Fate Therapeutics Inc.: Employment.